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Acids and Bases

Calculating mass of sulfuric acid to affect pH change?

I have a 2 part question concerning the use of H2SO4 to adjust the pH of a solution: 1. How many grams per liter of H2SO4 is required to adjust the pH of a solution from 3.8 to 2.8 assuming the sulfuric acid fully ionizes? 2. If in reality however, the actual sulfuric acid ionization/dissociation is a 2 step process and no

Forming Aluminum Hydroxide from Aluminum Sulfate and Water

Assume we have a 1000L tank of water and very dilute weak acids. To this tank we add and dissolve 260 grams AL2(SO4)3 (solid granules) --- the resultant pH is 4. The intention is to form AL(OH)3 solids/particles in this reaction. Question 1: How much Al(OH)3 will be formed in this reaction at pH=4.0 Question 2: If the pH w

Basic Techniques in Cell Biology and Biochemistry

The only problems that need to be done are numbers (3) and (4) on the second scanned document and the question below . Numbers (1), (2), (5) are finished problems that do not need to be done so problems (3) and (4) should be done using the same format (do Calculations and preparation)as those. Also please answer this ques

pH and Molarity

Please help with the following problems. a.) Giving the reason for your answer, which would you expect to have the higher value of pH, a 1.0M solution of the strong acid, HCl or a 1.0M solution of the weak acid, acetic acid, CH3COOH? b.) Why is it that we can say that ozone in the stratosphere is beneficial to

Stoichiometry Problems, Limiting Reagent, Acid/Base, Balancing Chemical Equations

1. A solution is prepared by dissolving 10.8g ammonium sulfate in enough water to make 100.0mL of stock solution. A 10.00mL sample of this stock solution is added to 50.00mL of water. Calculate the concentration of ammonium ions and sulfate ions in the final solution. 2. One of the most commonly used white pigments in paint

Quantative Analysis of Acid in Vinegar

Acid content of vinegar Flask 1 Flask 2 Inital volume of NaOH in burette 0 17.5 Final volume of NaOH in burette 17.5 35.3 Volume of NaOH used for titration

Acid Base Reaction and Oxidation Numbers

1) Pennies made after 1982 contain 97% zinc by mass. A student wants to prove this by filing the copper outside the penny until he sees zinc and then putting the penny in a 1.00 M HCl solution. The zinc will be oxidized and the H+ (from the HCl) will be reduced: Zn + 2H+ ----- Zn2+ + H2 If the entire pen

What is the limiting reagent? Questions about chemical reactions

Please show how to solve the following questions: 2Al (s) + 2KOH (aq) + 4 H2SO4 (aq) + 22 H2O (l) --> 2KAl (SO4)2*12H2O (s) + 3H2 (g) 12.0 g of Al, 420 mL 2.0M KOH, 216 mL H2SO4 placed in 300 mL ice bath (water in excess) 1) What is the limiting reagent? 2) How much aluminum is necessary to produce 18g of alum? 3)

Reaction between aluminum hydroxide and sulfuric acid

Solid aluminum hydroxide Al(OH)3 (s) reacts with aqueous sulfuric acid H2SO4 (aq) to produce aluminum sulfate Al2(SO4)3 (aq) and water. We combine 30.0g of Al(OH)3 (s) and 75.0 ml of 2.00 M H2SO4 (aq), and the reaction goes to completion. Subsequent analysis reveals that 12.3 g of Al2(SO4)3 was formed. What is the percent yield

Citric Acid and Fertilizer

Problem 1: Citric acid is concentrated in citrus fruits and plays a central metabolic role in nearly every animal and plant cell. How many moles of citric acid are in 1.90 qts of lemon juice *d=1.09 g/ml* that is 6.62% citric acid by mass? Problem 2: Nitrogen *N*, phosphorus *P*and potassium *K* are the main nutrients

Gas Laws and Stochiometry

1. How many significant figures does the sum of the following contain? 8.520 + 2.7? 2. How many moles of oxygen atoms are there in 10 moles of KCIO3? 3. The oxidation number of N in NaNo3 is? 4. What element is oxidized in the following chemical reaction? 3Cu + 8HNO3 ----> Cu(NO3) + 2NO + 4H2O 5. At what temp. will

Define an acid and a base in terms of the hydrogen ion.

Define an acid and a base in terms of the hydrogen ion.

Volume of Sulfuric Acid

What volume of 16 M sulfuric acid must be used to prepare 1.5 L of a 0.1 M sulfuric acid? a. 9.4 mL solution b. 9.4 L solution c. 16 mL solution d. 16 L solution

Solving for the products of reactions

(See attached file for full problem description) --- 1. Fe²+ and Sb³- 2. Mg²+ and As³- 3. Al³+ and O²- 4. Co³+ and I- 5. Sr² + and P³- 6. Ca²+ and C4+ 7. Fe³+ and As³- 8. Na + and S² &#713; Write the name or formula for these compounds: 1. tin (II) acetate 2. bromous acid 3. copper(II) permanganate

Solubility Problems with Ksp

Q#1 (Common ion problem) What is the solubility,in mg/mL of BaF2 in a)Pure Water b)in a solution containing 5.0mg/mL of KF Ksp of BaF2=1.0*10^-6 Q#2 Effect of pH on solubility a)Calculate the solubility of a saturated solution og Mg(OH)2 on pure water.(My answer is 1.65096*10^-4M b)Calculate the solubility of the sa

Hess' Law of Additive Equations for Reactions

Using Hess' Law of additive equations, rearrange and/or multiply the following reactions in order to find the enthalpy for the radical reaction between hydrochloric acid and isopropyl alcohol (CH3CHOHCH3) to form water and isopropyl chloride. The dots you see indicate a radical, which is much different than an ion or an element

Solubility and Titration

(See attached file for full problem description) --- 1. Tooth enamel consists of hydroxyapatite, Ca5(PO4)3OH (Ksp = 6.8x10-37). Fluoride ion added to drinking water reacts with Ca5(PO4)3OH to form the more tooth decay-resistant fluorapatite, Ca5(PO4)3F (Ksp =1.0x10-60). Fluoridated water has dramatically decreased cavities

Lab experiment titrating hydrochloric and acetic acids with NaOH

I would like to see the details of the calculations. For my lab experiment I have the following data: Titration 1: 25.00mL of unknown concentration HCl 2 drops of phenolpthalein to show end-point 1.0M NaOH What is the molarity of the HCl? What is the Ka of the HCl? What is the equivalence point? What is the half-equival

Titration Calculations

Note: You may assume that the densities of all solutions are 1.00 g/mL unless stated otherwise 1. A 10.00-mL sample of a solution containing the weak acid, formic acid, was placed in a 25-mL volumetric flask and diluted to the mark with water. A 10.00-mL sample of the diluted formic acid solution was then titrated with 0.13

Using Titration Techniques

1. If a strong acid and weak acid have the same concentration of acid, explain why they will have a different pH. 2. Explain why it is important to prime the pipette. 3. When using the titration technique explain why the beakers that contain the acid solutions must be dry before the acid is added, but the volumetric flask

Calculate the pH of a weak acid (acetic acid)

Given the Ka value of acetic acid is 1.8e-5, find the pH of a 0.25M acetic acid solution. Also find its Kb value.

Solubility Characteristics of Carboxylic Acids

1) If you took a pea-sized amount of salicylic acid and added 2 mL of demineralized water, what would the solubility of salicylic acid in the water be? 2) If you then added 5 drops of 6 M NaOH to the mixture, what would the solubility of salicylic acid in a base be? 3) I know the result of this is sodium salicylate, whi

Mol/Mol Calculation: Detailed Solution

How many milliliters of 3.00 M hydrochloric acid would be needed to react completely with a milk of magnesia tablet that contains 310 mg of Mg(OH)2? The neutralization reaction produces magnesium chloride, MgCl2, and water.

% yield, molarity, concetration, mole and limiting reagent.

Concetration, molarity, mole, volume, limiting reagent, % yield, theoretical yield and actual yield.

Tryptophan and Stereoisomerism

Several years ago people who were taking supplements of tryptophan (an essential amino acid that we must take in our food for normal growth and maintenance of a healthy body; without it we could not live) started becoming very ill. Some individuals suggested that tryptophan was what was causing the disease. For most amino acid

Problem Set - Help setting up

1 How many grams of oxygen are required to fill a 4.5 x 103 liter hyperbaric chamber at a pressure of 225 cm Hg and 62 F? If the same quantity of oxygen, was pumped back into a gas cylinder at a pressure of 200 atm and at 75&#61616; F, what would the volume be? 2 Any number of green plants can photosynthesize glucose (C6H12O

Salt solution: acidic or basic?

Predict whether aqueous solutions of each of the following salts are acidic, neutral, or basic. Sodium hydrogen carbonate In class we just learned to look on the table and see if one was a weak acid or strong base, then decide what the solution would be. However, I can't find some of them on the table so then I believe

Design experiment to reduce Fe3+ to Fe2+

I just need some help to get started on designing an experiment for a quantitative colorimetric iron assay. We're allowed to use the following items: deionized water 0.02 M feCl3 1,10-phenanthroline ferrozine filter paper test tubes and test tube racks volumetric flasks HCl NaOH digested soil samples undigested s

Baking soda + 7Up

What gas is producedd when you add baking soda to soft drinks like: 7Up, Sprite, Orange, Dr. Pepper and Coke? Why does Dr. Pepper produce the most gas? Why does 7Up produce the least gas?

Multiple Choice questions on solubility

1. What is the solubility (in M) of PbCl2 in a 0.15 M solution of HCl? (Ksp PbCl2 = 1.6 x 10-5) a. 7.1 x 10-4 b. 1.1 x 10-4 c. 2.0 x 10-3 d. 1.8 x 10-4 e. 1.6 x 10-5 2. In which aqueous system is PbI2 least soluble? a. H2