Explore BrainMass

Solar System

Modern Physics: Number of Cycles from Two Clocks

See attached file for full problem description. In the twin paradox, twin A remains on Earth while twin B travels a distance L, measured in the Earth's inertial frame, at a velocity v to a very distant solar system. In turning around for the return trip, the rocket malfunctions somewhat and achieves only a velocity ½ v. Fi

Shuttle launched on moon and in vacuum.

Suppose a shuttle were launched from a launchpad on the Moon instead of the Earth's surface. What changes would we observe? Suppose it were launched from a launchpad in space in vacuum. Would it work? What changes would we observe? Explain your answer.

Classical Mechanics Homework Problems

See attached file for full problem description. 1. Two masses are released at the same height, and fall a very long distance under gravity, till they hit the ground. The masses are subject to air friction, which you should assume has the form —b17 for both masses, even if this mathematical form is not very accurate. Mass A

Pressures for Stable Phases

Calcium carbonate, CaCO_3, has two common crystalline forms, calcite and aragonite. Calcite, unlike aragonite, is stable at earth's surface. Calculate the pressure (at room temperature) at which the other phase should become stable.

Angle Subtended by Sun and Moon at Earth & Angular Velocity

The moon has a diameter of 3.48 x 10^6 m and is a distance of 3.85 x 10^8m from the earth. The sun has a diameter of 1.39 x 10^9 m and is 1.50 x 10^11 m from the earth. (a.) What are the angles (in radians) subtended by the moon and the sun, as measured by a person standing on the earth. (b.) Based on the answers to part (a.), i

Planetary data

Main diameter Distance from Mass acceleration escape orbital # of object (miles or the sun AU (earth=1) of gravity(g) velocity period moons Km) Miles/Km (m/sec2) (Km/sec) (days/yrs) 1. the sun

Simple Harmonic Motion: Key Informaiton

A hole is drilled straight through the center of the earth and a particle is dropped into the hole. Neglect rotational effects: a) Show that the particle's motion, assuming that earth's gravity acts from the exact center of the earth, is simple harmonic motion. b) Calculate the Period of oscillation

Given the spectral irradiance by the sun as measured at upper levels of the atmosphere, what is the solar radiance measured at the same place? How much optical power could you collect with 1m^2 solar panel that is equally sensitive from 0.4um to 1.0um?

Given the spectral irradiance by the sun as measured at upper levels of the atmosphere, what is the solar radiance measured at the same place? How much optical power could you collect with 1m^2 solar panel that is equally sensitive from 0.4um to 1.0um? See attached file for full problem description including diagram.

Problems on relativity

9-The Tevatron accelerator at the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab) outside Chicago actually consists of 5 stages to sequentially boost protons to 1 TeV (1000 GeV). What is the speed of the proton at the end of each stage? Note: the numbers given in parentheses represent the total kinetic energy at the end of each

Gravitation: Force, central force and distance of closest approach.

3.) consider an object of mass m, moving in a circular orbit, subject to a central attractive for e whose magnitude is given by F(r) = h/r^3. a. what are the dimensions of h? b. show that the angular momentum for the motion is uniquely determined by h and m. c. what is the resulting relation b/t period and radius analogous to Ke

Vertical linear Motion Problem for conceptual understanding of vertical motion.

This is an An interesting problem to understand the vertical upward or downward motion conceptualy. Do you know how to apply kinematical equations to the vertical motion? Are you sared of solving tough problems on kinematical euqaions of motion? Don't worry, solving one such problem or properly understanding its solution will de


(See attached file for full problem description) Please do all problems step by step showing all math used and the equations. ANswers are given, but need to see how got answer. Skip the questions that given a sentence answer. Just do the math questions. Adult here doing his best to get this material. Thanks! 25. At ti

Spherical capacitor: Equivalent parallel plate capacitor

Derive an expression for capacitance of spherical capacitor (inner and outer radii are R1 and R2 respectively) and show that in case of small distance between spheres (R1 ≈ R2) capacitance can be calculated using the expression for parallel plate capacitor.

Physics: Protons, Speed, Clocks

1. Suppose we accelerate a proton so that its kinetic energy is equal to its mass energy. What is the speed of such a proton? NOTE: you do not have to know the mass of the proton to do this problem: it would be the same for any particle. 2. Spaceman Spiff passes the earth on his way to Mars. His thruster control is stuck and

Newton's Laws and Circular Motion

A physics major is working to pay his college tuition by performing in a traveling carnival. He rides a motorcycle inside a hollow transparent plastic sphere. After gaining sufficient speed, he travels in a vertical circle with a radius of 13.0 m. The physics major has a mass of 70.0 kg, and his motorcycle has a mass of 40.0 kg.

Some Momentum Problems

1) A 2698 kg pick-up truck driven by Ford Tuff has a velocity of 42.4 m/s east. What is the magnitude of the momentum of the truck in kg-m/s? 2) A 2198 kg police pursued van is driven by Chase Mee. The van exhibits a momentum of 3698 kg-m/s. What is the velocity of the van in m/s as it veers rightward into a guardrail? 3) Rock

Car acceleration and net force

1. Suppose a man pushes a small car on level ground. He pushes with a force of 400 N, and the 800kg car accelerates at a rate of 0.30 m/s2. (a) What is the net force on the car? (b) Draw a force diagram for the car, showing the force of pushing, the force of friction, and weight, and the upward (normal) force of the ground.

Orbital speed of a satellite

Find the orbital speed of a satellite in a circular orbit 1870 km above the surface of the Earth. 1870km = 1.87e6 m I tried using the V^2=GMe/r and came up with 14.6 km/s which is wrong. I tried finding the velocity of earth 7.91 km/s and subtracting from the 14.6 km/s and still the answer is wrong. Am I using th

Physics Questions

1. A bathroom spring scale obeys Hooke's law and is depressed 0.750 cm by its maximum load of 120 kg. What is the springs effective force constant? 2. Fish are hung on a spring scale to determine the mass (most fishermen feel no obligation to report the mass truthfully). (a) What is the force constant of the spring in such a

Astronomy: Sun formation, planet detection, galaxy history

N. Evidence is strong that the formation of the Sun (and its family of planets) happened by the same processes as the formation of stars. Explain. o. How are planets detected around other stars? p. Did the Sun and solar system form in the first half or last half of our galaxy's history? Explain.

Definition of a meter

The METER is currently defined a. by a standard metal bar kept in Paris, France. b. as 10 ^-7 of the distance from Equator to Pole. c. by the distance light will travel in a certain time. d. by the President's foot. e. by a platinum bar kept in the National

Mass of Planets in Solar System, Gravitational Acceleration and Pendulum Period

Using the internet, I need to find the mass and radius of three of the nine planets in our solar system. Be sure that the masses are expressed in kilograms and the radii are expressed in meters. Using the data, calculate the gravitational acceleration on each of the three planets you selected. Note: With the masses measured

Mass of Solar System, Quadratic Formula and Real-Life Complex Number Applications

What is the total mass in kilograms of our solar system? And what is the equation for the speed of light? When solving a quadratic equation using the quadratic formula, is it possible for the b to the second power minus 4ac term inside the square root to be negative, thus forcing us to take the square root of a negative numb

The Law of Universal Gravitation

You drive an automobile of mass 2.10*10(3) kg from sea level to the top of a mountain 2.05km high? What is the automobiles' change in weight?

International Space Station (ISS) plan to snag a cable for removal

The International Space Station is in a nearly circular orbit at an altitude of 398.00 km above the surface of the earth. A maintenance crew is about to arrive on the space shuttle that is also in a circular in the same orbital plane as the ISS, but with an altitude of 398.10km. The crew has come to remove a faulty 125 m c

Gravitation: Spacecraft launch speed to escape from the solar system altogether

A spacecraft is to be launched from the surface of the earth so that it will escape from the SOLAR SYSTEM altogether. a) Find the speed relative to the center of the earth with which the spacecraft must be launched. Take into consideration the gravitational effects of both the earth and the sun, and include the effect of the

Two Meteoroids Problem

Please do not place your response in a .pdf format, but Word documents are okay. Thanks! Two meteoroids are heading for earth. Their speeds as they cross the moon's orbit are 2.0 km/s. (A) The first meteoroid is heading straight for earth. What is its speed of impact? Make sure your answer is in km/s. (B) The second mi

Elephant and Shrewd Mass on Earth Surface

Please do not put your response in a .pdf format, but Word documents are okay. Thanks! An adult elephant has a mass of about 5.0 tons. An adult elephant shrew has a mass of about 50 grams. How far from the center of the Earth should an elephant be placed so that its weight equals that of the elephant shrew on the surface of t

Magnetic Field of a Long Straight Wire

At what distance from a long, straight wire carrying a current of 100.0 A is the magnetic field due to the wire equal to the strength of the Earth's field, approximately 4.0E-5 T (in m)?