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# Solar System

### Shuttle launched on moon and in vacuum.

Suppose a shuttle were launched from a launchpad on the Moon instead of the Earth's surface. What changes would we observe? Suppose it were launched from a launchpad in space in vacuum. Would it work? What changes would we observe? Explain your answer.

### Classical Mechanics Homework Problems

See attached file for full problem description. 1. Two masses are released at the same height, and fall a very long distance under gravity, till they hit the ground. The masses are subject to air friction, which you should assume has the form —b17 for both masses, even if this mathematical form is not very accurate. Mass A

### Pressures for Stable Phases

Calcium carbonate, CaCO_3, has two common crystalline forms, calcite and aragonite. Calcite, unlike aragonite, is stable at earth's surface. Calculate the pressure (at room temperature) at which the other phase should become stable.

### Angle Subtended by Sun and Moon at Earth & Angular Velocity

The moon has a diameter of 3.48 x 10^6 m and is a distance of 3.85 x 10^8m from the earth. The sun has a diameter of 1.39 x 10^9 m and is 1.50 x 10^11 m from the earth. (a.) What are the angles (in radians) subtended by the moon and the sun, as measured by a person standing on the earth. (b.) Based on the answers to part (a.), i

### Planetary data

Main diameter Distance from Mass acceleration escape orbital # of object (miles or the sun AU (earth=1) of gravity(g) velocity period moons Km) Miles/Km (m/sec2) (Km/sec) (days/yrs) 1. the sun

### Simple Harmonic Motion: Key Informaiton

A hole is drilled straight through the center of the earth and a particle is dropped into the hole. Neglect rotational effects: a) Show that the particle's motion, assuming that earth's gravity acts from the exact center of the earth, is simple harmonic motion. b) Calculate the Period of oscillation

### A simple pendulum and its period in different planets

When the mass is moved a small distance away from its equilibrium point (the bottom of the arc), the mass will swing back and forth in a constant amount of time called the period. One period is the amount of time required for the mass to swing all the way to the other side and then swing back to its staring point. we are maki

### Given the spectral irradiance by the sun as measured at upper levels of the atmosphere, what is the solar radiance measured at the same place? How much optical power could you collect with 1m^2 solar panel that is equally sensitive from 0.4um to 1.0um?

Given the spectral irradiance by the sun as measured at upper levels of the atmosphere, what is the solar radiance measured at the same place? How much optical power could you collect with 1m^2 solar panel that is equally sensitive from 0.4um to 1.0um? See attached file for full problem description including diagram.

### Problems on relativity

9-The Tevatron accelerator at the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab) outside Chicago actually consists of 5 stages to sequentially boost protons to 1 TeV (1000 GeV). What is the speed of the proton at the end of each stage? Note: the numbers given in parentheses represent the total kinetic energy at the end of each

### distance from the seismograph to the location of earthquake

When an earthquake occurs, two types of sound waves are generated and travel through the earth. The primary, or P wave has a speed of about 8 km/s and the secondary wave, or S wave has a speed of about 4.5 km/s. A seismograph, located some distance away, records the arrival of the P wave, then 78 s later, records the arrival of

### Gravitation: Force, central force and distance of closest approach.

3.) consider an object of mass m, moving in a circular orbit, subject to a central attractive for e whose magnitude is given by F(r) = h/r^3. a. what are the dimensions of h? b. show that the angular momentum for the motion is uniquely determined by h and m. c. what is the resulting relation b/t period and radius analogous to Ke

### Vertical linear Motion Problem for conceptual understanding of vertical motion.

This is an An interesting problem to understand the vertical upward or downward motion conceptualy. Do you know how to apply kinematical equations to the vertical motion? Are you sared of solving tough problems on kinematical euqaions of motion? Don't worry, solving one such problem or properly understanding its solution will de

### Motion

(See attached file for full problem description) Please do all problems step by step showing all math used and the equations. ANswers are given, but need to see how got answer. Skip the questions that given a sentence answer. Just do the math questions. Adult here doing his best to get this material. Thanks! 25. At ti

### Net force exerted on the Earth by the Moon and Sun

When the Earth, Moon, and Sun for a right triangle with the Earth located at the right angle, the moon is approaching the third quarter. (Earth is viewed here from above its north pole). Find the magnitude and direction of the net force exerted on the Earth.

### Spherical capacitor: Equivalent parallel plate capacitor

Derive an expression for capacitance of spherical capacitor (inner and outer radii are R1 and R2 respectively) and show that in case of small distance between spheres (R1 ≈ R2) capacitance can be calculated using the expression for parallel plate capacitor.

### Physics: Protons, Speed, Clocks

1. Suppose we accelerate a proton so that its kinetic energy is equal to its mass energy. What is the speed of such a proton? NOTE: you do not have to know the mass of the proton to do this problem: it would be the same for any particle. 2. Spaceman Spiff passes the earth on his way to Mars. His thruster control is stuck and

### Newton's Laws and Circular Motion

A physics major is working to pay his college tuition by performing in a traveling carnival. He rides a motorcycle inside a hollow transparent plastic sphere. After gaining sufficient speed, he travels in a vertical circle with a radius of 13.0 m. The physics major has a mass of 70.0 kg, and his motorcycle has a mass of 40.0 kg.

### Computing distance

Background Information: A simple pendulum, such as a rock hanging from a piece of string or the inside of a grandfather clock, consists of a mass (the rock) and a support (the piece of string). When the mass is moved a small distance away from its equilibrium point (the bottom of the arc), the mass will swing back and forth

### Harmonic Motion and Time

A certain pendulum clock that works perfectly on Earth is taken to the moon, where g= 1.63m/s2. The acceleration of gravity is 9.81 m/s2. The clock is started at 12:00 am and runs for 13 hours. What will be the reading for the hours in units of h, what will the reading be in minutes and what will be the reading be in secs?

### Some Momentum Problems

1) A 2698 kg pick-up truck driven by Ford Tuff has a velocity of 42.4 m/s east. What is the magnitude of the momentum of the truck in kg-m/s? 2) A 2198 kg police pursued van is driven by Chase Mee. The van exhibits a momentum of 3698 kg-m/s. What is the velocity of the van in m/s as it veers rightward into a guardrail? 3) Rock

### Car acceleration and net force

1. Suppose a man pushes a small car on level ground. He pushes with a force of 400 N, and the 800kg car accelerates at a rate of 0.30 m/s2. (a) What is the net force on the car? (b) Draw a force diagram for the car, showing the force of pushing, the force of friction, and weight, and the upward (normal) force of the ground.

### Orbital speed of a satellite

Find the orbital speed of a satellite in a circular orbit 1870 km above the surface of the Earth. 1870km = 1.87e6 m I tried using the V^2=GMe/r and came up with 14.6 km/s which is wrong. I tried finding the velocity of earth 7.91 km/s and subtracting from the 14.6 km/s and still the answer is wrong. Am I using th

### Physics Questions

1. A bathroom spring scale obeys Hooke's law and is depressed 0.750 cm by its maximum load of 120 kg. What is the springs effective force constant? 2. Fish are hung on a spring scale to determine the mass (most fishermen feel no obligation to report the mass truthfully). (a) What is the force constant of the spring in such a

### Astronomy: Sun formation, planet detection, galaxy history

N. Evidence is strong that the formation of the Sun (and its family of planets) happened by the same processes as the formation of stars. Explain. o. How are planets detected around other stars? p. Did the Sun and solar system form in the first half or last half of our galaxy's history? Explain.

### Definition of a meter

The METER is currently defined a. by a standard metal bar kept in Paris, France. b. as 10 ^-7 of the distance from Equator to Pole. c. by the distance light will travel in a certain time. d. by the President's foot. e. by a platinum bar kept in the National

### Mass of Planets in Solar System, Gravitational Acceleration and Pendulum Period

Using the internet, I need to find the mass and radius of three of the nine planets in our solar system. Be sure that the masses are expressed in kilograms and the radii are expressed in meters. Using the data, calculate the gravitational acceleration on each of the three planets you selected. Note: With the masses measured

### What is the mass of the largest cargo the balloon could carry near the earth's surface to get off the ground?

A spherical balloon of radius 10.0 m has a mass of 600 kg when empty. If the balloon is filled with 1.0 atmospheres of helium gas, what is the mass of the largest cargo it could carry near the earth's surface to get off the ground: (a) Make a labeled diagram of the forces. (b) Use Archimedes principle to determine the buoyant

### Helium Filled Balloon

A helium filled balloon is tied to a 2.0 meter long, 0.050-kg string. The balloon is spherical with a radius of 0.40 m. When released, it lifts a length (h) of the string and then remains in equilibrium as in the figure. Now determine the value of (h). When deflated, the balloon has a mass of 0.25 kg. (Note: Only that part of th

### Mass of Solar System, Quadratic Formula and Real-Life Complex Number Applications

What is the total mass in kilograms of our solar system? And what is the equation for the speed of light? When solving a quadratic equation using the quadratic formula, is it possible for the b to the second power minus 4ac term inside the square root to be negative, thus forcing us to take the square root of a negative numb

### Time for light to travel from earth to the moon

The speed of light in vacuum is approximately 3 * 10^8 m/s. Calculate how long light takes to travel from the Earth to the Moon (distance 3.8 * 10^5km) and how long light takes to travel from the the sun to the Earth (distance 1.5 * 10^8km)?