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Conservation of Momentum

Momentum Kinetic Energy Impulse

1. A pitcher claims he can throw a 0.145 kg baseball with as much momentum as a speeding bullet. Assume that a 3.00 g bullet moves at a speed of 1.50 x 10^3 m/s. a. What must the baseball's speed be if the pitcher's claim is valid? B. Which has greater kinetic energy, the ball or the bullet? 2. What is the relations

Collision of a car: Speed, average force, total momentum

A car with a mass of 2200 kgm traveling at a velocity of 20 m/sec collides with a parked car. After the collision its velocity is +10 m/sec. If the mass of the parked car is 1200 kgm, determine (a) Speed of the parked car after the collision. (b) Average force exerted on the parked car if the collision time (delta t) =0

Elastic Collision and Kinetic Energy Transfer

A 0.343 kg croquet ball makes an elastic head-on collision with a second ball initially at rest. The second ball moves off with one half the original speed of the first ball. 1) What is the mass of the second ball? And 2) what fraction of the original kinetic energy gets transferred to the second ball?

Linear Momentum

"Find the speed at which Superman (mass = 89.0 g) must fly head-on into a train (mass = 16405 kg) traveling at 75.0 km/hr to stop it."

Linear momentum: Find speed of a golf ball just after impact

High speed stroboscopic photographs show that the head of a 184 g golf club is traveling at 52.9 m/s just before it strikes a 45.1 g golf ball at rest on a tee. After the collision, the club head travels (in the same direction) at 42.2 m/s. Find the speed of the golf ball just after impact. Ignore the mass of the club handle.

Linear momentum

"A 122 kg astronaut (including space suit) acquires a speed of 2.50 m/s by pushing off with his legs from a 1900 kg space capsule. What is the change in speed of the capsule?"

Momentum and velocity

An object of mass 2 kg travelling in a straight line with a velocity of 20m/sec collides with, and strikes to, a stationary object of mass 3 kg. They both move off together in the same straight line with a velocity of v m/sec. If no external forces are acting calculate a. the total momentum just before the impact b. the tot

Mechanics force, mass and momentum of an object

Q. An object sitting on a smooth surface is given an impulse (force) to start from rest and reached a veloctiy of 5m/sec in 2 seconds. 1. What is the mass of the object if the applied force was 20 N 2. What is the change in momentum 3. At the time given above the object is travelling towards the northwest with an angle

Conservation of Momentum

If a metal ball strikes a pendulum and sticks to it. It will have a relationship for conservation of momentum of m*v = (m + M) *V (m and v are the mass and initial velocity of the projectile, M is the mass of the pendulum with no initial velocity and big V is the combined velocity of the pendulum and projectile). The conse

Conservation of momentum in a collision situation

In a football game, a receiver is standing still, having just caught a pass. Before he can move, a tackler, running at a velocity of +4.5 m/s, grabs him. The tackler holds onto the receiver, and the two move off together with a velocity of +2.6 m/s. The mass of the tackler is 115 kg. Assuming that momentum is conserved, find

Working with momentum conservation.

A 82 kg astronaut is space-walking outside the space capsule and is stationary when the tether line breaks. As a means of returning to the capsule, he throws his 3.1 kg wrench at a speed of 13 m/s away from the capsule. At what speed does the astronaut move toward the capsule?

The Conservation of Momentum

N men, each with mass, m, stand on a railway flatcar of mass, M. They jump off one end of the flatcar with velocity u relative to the car. The car rolls in the opposite direction without friction. a) What is the final velocity of the flatcar if all the men jump at the same time? b) What is the final velocity of the flat

Calculations on an Exploding Projectiles

An instrument carrying projectile accidentally explodes at the top of its trajectory. The horizontal distance between the launch point and the point of explosion is L. The projectile breaks into pieces which fly apart horizonally. The larger piece has three times the mass of the smaller piece. To the surprise of the scientist in