Explore BrainMass

Conservation of Momentum

Conservation of Momentum in Collisions

A 7.2 kg bowling ball moving at 2.74 m/s strikes an identical ball that is originally at rest. After the collision the path of the intitially moving ball makes an angle of 27 degrees with respect to its original path. The path of the second ball makes an angle of -53 degrees with respect to the same direction. What is the speed

Linear Momentum for a Fired Bullet

A 9.72-g bullet is fired from a 30-30 rifle at a speed of 728 m/s into the 1.250 kg block of ballistic pendulum suspended by strings 3.9 m long. A) through what vertical distance does the block rise? B) how far does it swing horizontally? The book key is showing 1.61m for A.) and 3.16m for B.). Please show the workings t

Momentum of a Space Probe

Please answer each question with step by step answers so I understand the solutions. Thanks! 1. A space probe is in deep space far beyond the edge of the solar system when it uses up all its nuclear fuel. What is true? (a) The space probe will immediatly come to a stop (b) The space probe will very slowly come to a stop (


A Steel pile is driven a distance (d) into the ground by a hammer of mass (M) 450kg, dropped from a height (h) of 3.25m above the top of the pile. The mass of the pile (m) is 40kg and the average resistance of the ground to penetration (Fr) is 45kN. Calculate: b. The velocity and kinetic energy of the hammer-pile combinati

Momentum of carts of sand: Material is blown into cart

Material is blown into cart A from cart B at a rate b kilograms per second. The material leaves the chute B vertically downard, so that it has the same horizontal velocity as cart b , "u". At the moment of interest, cart A has mass M and velocity "v" . Find dv/dt the instantaneous acceleration of A . In the drawing,

Relativity: Conservation of momentum particle question

1. Conservation of Momentum and COM reference frame: Two particles are sliding directly towards each other on a frictionless surface. According to an observer in the laboratory reference frame, a 3.00kg particle moves to the right at 10.00m/s and a 5.00kg particle moves towards the left at 2.00m/s. After the head-on collision, t

Conservation of momentum problem

A 62-kg child is sitting on a wagon full of bricks that has a mass of 150 kg. In order to move the wagon without touching the ground, the child throws two bricks each of mass 3.0 kg in the direction opposite to the direction the wagon is to go. How fast will the wagon move if the bricks are thrown at 2.0 m/s?

Inelastic Collision. What is magnitude and direction of final velocity?

A 1200 kg car is moving east at 30 m/s and collides with a 3600 kg truck moving at 20 m/s in a direction 60 degrees north of east. The vehicles interlock and move off together. Find their velocity (magnitude and direction). OK, I used conservation of linear momentum and said that the final velocities were equal. Dividing the

Conservation of Momentum in 2D

An object at rest explodes into three pieces of equal mass. One moves east at 20 m/s; a second moves 45 degrees south of east at 30 m/s. What is the velocity of the third piece? OK, I know that the initial linear momentum of zero must be conserved, so I can start summing my momentum in the x and y directions. I'm just confuse

A momentum problem

In Fig. 9-32a, a 5.1 kg dog stands on an 21 kg flatboat and is 6.1 m from the shore. He walks 2.1 m on the boat toward shore and then stops. Assuming there is no friction between the boat and the water, find how far the dog is then from the shore? (Hint: See Fig. 9-32b. The dog moves leftward; the boat moves rightward; but does

Momentum and projectile motion.

A shell is fired from a gun with a muzzle velocity of 14 m/s, at an angle of 60° with the horizontal. At the top of the trajectory, the shell explodes into two fragments of equal mass (Fig. 9-30). One fragment, whose speed immediately after the explosion is zero, falls vertically. How far from the gun does the other fragment la

Jumping Off a Raft

A raft of mass 180kg carries two swimmers of 50 kg and 80 kg. The raft is initially at rest but the swimmers dive off opposite ends each at 3 m/s. With what velocity and in what direction does to raft start to move?

Momentum of a Dropped Ball

A golf ball weighing .45 N is dropped from a height 1 meter and has a perfect elastic collision with the floor. What is time required to hit floor? What is the instantaneous momentum of the ball before it strikes the floor? What will be the change in momentum from the instant before it hits the ground to right after it

Momentum Kinetic Energy Impulse

1. A pitcher claims he can throw a 0.145 kg baseball with as much momentum as a speeding bullet. Assume that a 3.00 g bullet moves at a speed of 1.50 x 10^3 m/s. a. What must the baseball's speed be if the pitcher's claim is valid? B. Which has greater kinetic energy, the ball or the bullet? 2. What is the relations

Collision or a parked car: speed, average force and momentum

A car with a mass of 2,200 kg traveling at a velocity of 20 m/sec collides with a parked car. After the collision its velocity is +10 m/sec. If the mass of the parked car is 1,200 kg, determine: (a) Speed of the parked car after the collision. (b) Average force exerted on the parked car if the collision time (delta t) =0.

Collision of a car: Speed, average force, total momentum

A car with a mass of 2200 kgm traveling at a velocity of 20 m/sec collides with a parked car. After the collision its velocity is +10 m/sec. If the mass of the parked car is 1200 kgm, determine (a) Speed of the parked car after the collision. (b) Average force exerted on the parked car if the collision time (delta t) =0

Elastic Collision and Kinetic Energy Transfer

A 0.343 kg croquet ball makes an elastic head-on collision with a second ball initially at rest. The second ball moves off with one half the original speed of the first ball. 1) What is the mass of the second ball? And 2) what fraction of the original kinetic energy gets transferred to the second ball?

Conservation of Linear Momentum,.,

Hi. Can someone please show me how to do the following problem? "A 5620 kg open railroad car coasts along with a constant speed of 8.66 m/s on a level track. Snow begins to fall vertically and fills the car at a rate of 3.50 kg per minute. Ignoring friction with the tracks, what is the speed of the car after 86.4 minutes?"

Linear Momentum

"Find the speed at which Superman (mass = 89.0 g) must fly head-on into a train (mass = 16405 kg) traveling at 75.0 km/hr to stop it."

Linear momentum: Find speed of a golf ball just after impact

High speed stroboscopic photographs show that the head of a 184 g golf club is traveling at 52.9 m/s just before it strikes a 45.1 g golf ball at rest on a tee. After the collision, the club head travels (in the same direction) at 42.2 m/s. Find the speed of the golf ball just after impact. Ignore the mass of the club handle.

Linear momentum

"A 122 kg astronaut (including space suit) acquires a speed of 2.50 m/s by pushing off with his legs from a 1900 kg space capsule. What is the change in speed of the capsule?"

Momentum and velocity

An object of mass 2 kg travelling in a straight line with a velocity of 20m/sec collides with, and strikes to, a stationary object of mass 3 kg. They both move off together in the same straight line with a velocity of v m/sec. If no external forces are acting calculate a. the total momentum just before the impact b. the tot

Mechanics force, mass and momentum of an object

Q. An object sitting on a smooth surface is given an impulse (force) to start from rest and reached a veloctiy of 5m/sec in 2 seconds. 1. What is the mass of the object if the applied force was 20 N 2. What is the change in momentum 3. At the time given above the object is travelling towards the northwest with an angle