Albert Einstein (1879 – 1955) was a German-born scientist who developed research in modern physics. His work on one of the two pillars of modern physics, the general theory of relativity, was revolutionary. He worked at the institutions of Swiss Patent Office, University of Zurich, Charles University in Prague, ETH Zurich, Caltech, Prussian Academy of Sciences, Kaiser Wilhelm Institute, University of Leiden, and the Institute of Advanced Study. Albert Einstein is most known for his work in general relativity and special relativity, photoelectric effect, mass-energy equivalence, theory of Brownian motion, Einstein field equations, Bose-Einstein statistics, Bose-Einstein correlations, Unified Field Theory and EPR paradox.
In 1901, Albert Einstein’s published his first paper, “Conclusion from the Capillarity Phenomena”. On April 1905 Albert Einstein completed his thesis with Alfred Kleiner called “A New Determination of Molecular Dimensions”. He was awarded his PhD by the University of Zurich. That same year, titled Einstein’s miracle year, he published four ground-breaking papers on the photoelectric effect, Brownian motion, special relativity and the equivalence of mass and energy.
In 1921, Albert Einstein was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics for his explanation of the photoelectric effect. He also received the Copley Medal from the Royal Society in 1925. At this time, Albert Einstein’s theory of relativity was too controversial to win any awards.
Albert Einstein died in April of 1955 in Princeton, New Jersey. He experienced internal bleeding caused by the rupture of an abdominal aortic aneurysm. He was 76 years old. During the autopsy, the pathologist removed Einstein’s Brain for preservation in hope that one day neuroscience of the future would be able to discover what made Einstein so intelligent.