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Functionalism and Classical Sociological Theory

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Functionalism comes from mathematics and system analysis. Why is that analysis so vital to all sciences, including social sciences?

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The solution provides an in-depth, yet concise and comprehensive narrative that tackles the importance of functionalism, a scientific approach with mathematical origins, in the social sciences. The solution follows the APA-format with word version attached for easy printing. References are provided

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Functionalism in the Social Sciences

Functionalism as a philosophy of mind looks not on the mental or internal state of a subject or object to make sense of it but rather on the roles it plays, its many functions and uses and the systems and environment that it is a part of - in other words meaning and significance as well as identity is defined by what it does, its usage, importance - its function (or non-function in some cases). Primarily however before functionalism became a philosophy that informs natural and social sciences, it was a mathematical theory. In math, numbers can be broken down to smaller measures or enlarged, multiplied and added together to build bigger expressions no matter what the equation is as long as non-given elements in it can be changed in terms of value. Take for instance the equation of the Pythagorean Theorem a2 + b2 = c2. Here, the function of the symbols is that they represent values and they could be any number but the equation functions in that it sets rules for equality - that A when squared is added to B that is also squared will always give us the value of C also squared. Based on this ...

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  • MPhil/PhD (IP), Open University, Milton Keynes, UK
  • MA, Open University, Milton Keynes, UK
  • Certificate, Geva Ulpan (via Universita Tel Aviv)
  • BA, University of the Philippines
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