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    The word Renaissance translates literally to ‘rebirth’ in French. This is the period from the 14th to the 17th centuries where Europe experienced a rediscovery of ancient Greek and Roman study and a recovery of the ancient Greek spirit of scientific inquiry. 1

    A popular misconception about the Renaissance was that everyone in Europe was equally affected. Art and science did not necessarily filter down to the average citizen like technology does today. Those who both contributed to and experienced the fruits from the Renaissance were typically wealthy artists, philosophers and the rest of the rich.

    In reality, many who lived through the Renaissance did not even recognize the importance of the time period. The Renaissance was not so much central to the 15th century as it is important to us now because it influenced the way we live and learn today.

    Humanism flourished during the Renaissance. It is an outlook that emphasizes human agency and has two key assertions: that individuals should exercise thought and that secular matters are important.²

    Many historians believe the Renaissance was born in Italy, one of the wealthiest countries at the time. An abundance of wealth was necessary to afford and sustain the production of art and study of philosophy and science.

    Venice, the richest region of Italy during the Renaissance, was trading with Ottoman Empire. This was the source of much of the city’s income. If they had not been engaging in the trade of textiles and pepper with the Islamic world, they would not have been able to afford the production of much of what we recognize today from the period.³



    1. Periods: Renaissance. British Literature Society. Retrieved from http://people.umass.edu/eng2/per/renaissance.html
    2. History of Early Modern Europe. Essential Humanities. Retrieved from http://www.essential-humanities.net/western-history/history-of-early-modern-europe/#.UbX9N_bwJ_Z 
    3. The Renaissance: Was it a Thing? - Crash Course World History #22. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Vufba_ZcoR0

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    Contrasting Perspectives From Historical Documents

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    Motives Driving The Age of Discovery

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    Study guide for various historical issues.

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    Summarize various art eras.

    Use either the textbook and/or online sources to locate three pieces of religious art. All three pieces should be dealing with the same subject â?" for example, the crucifixion, mother and child, or the Last Supper. Capture an image from the Early Renaissance period, one from the High Renaissance period, and one from the Ba

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    Briefly outline the artistic, architectural, and political cultural attributes of Venice during the Renaissance period.

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    Since the Renaissance, have the economic forces, social forces and social stratification shaped western nations? In what ways did this happen? Also, how does the process of legitimization of social stratification work in western nations?

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    view images available from your background readings and pick a work of art from the Renaissance era that catches your eye. It can be one that reminds you of an event from your own life or otherwise gets some kind of emotional reaction from you. Introduce your report with some information about the artist, how the work you chos

    Take a position and discuss the following proposition: From ancient Mesopotamia through the Renaissance, individualism was the primary value driving the historical development of Western Civilization.

    Take a position and discuss the following proposition: From ancient Mesopotamia through the Renaissance, individualism was the primary value driving the historical development of Western Civilization. (Use relevant primary as well as secondary assigned sources for your discussion.) From ancient Mesopotamia through the Renai

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    High Italian Renaissance compared to Ancient Greece: The Ideals

    In a sense, the High Italian Renaissance is similar to the Age of Pericles in Athens, in that the turbulence of the time would produce remarkable monuments.How do you think the artistic monuments of the High Italian Renaissance resemble the stature of those produced during the Classical period in Ancient Greek Art, 5th Century B

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    New monarchies were the rulers of European nations during the 15th century who created a strong central government. The centralized governments enabled the New Monarchs in the 15th century for an era of colonization and conquest in the 16th century, and paved the way for rapid economic growth in Europe.

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    Charlemagne, the king of the Franks and Lombards came to the throne after the death of his brother Carolman. His father Pepin III divided the kingdom between his two sons. Unlike his brother, Charlemagne proved to be an efficient administrator and conqueror. Charlemagne extended his empire through military exploits. At a time, when Europe was in a state of disarray, he unified it by the power of the sword and cross. He conquered the Lombards in Northern Italy, acquired Bavaria and campaigned in Spain and Hungary. He did not call himself emperor but king of Franks and Lombards. Charlemagne was also an able administrator. He delegated the authority to the local rulers; the Frankish nobles. He allowed the different ethnic groups to keep their distinctive. He secretly viewed the events of his empire through his representatives known as missi dominici Charlemagne was a great patron of learning. He gathered in his court the finest men of letters. He reformed the palace school and set up monastic schools throughout the empire. The flowering of learning under Charlemagne's patronage has come to be known as the "Carolingian Renaissance." The empire he established was not known as the Holy Roman Empire but as Carolingian Empire. By establishing a strong government in Western Europe, he paved the way for the development of modern Europe. Crusades: Crusades were a military conflict between Christians and Muslims during the middle ages. When Muslims captured Jerusalem, the most sacred place for the Christians, in 1076, there started a military conflict between both. The first crusade was only successful from the military point of view, but other seven major crusades did not get the desired results. The military confrontations continued upto 200 years (1095-1291). The Crusades had far-reaching political, economic, and social impacts

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    another "renaissance" in art and culture

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    Humanities Today questions are embedded.

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