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The word Renaissance translates literally to ‘rebirth’ in French. This is the period from the 14th to the 17th centuries where Europe experienced a rediscovery of ancient Greek and Roman study and a recovery of the ancient Greek spirit of scientific inquiry. 1

A popular misconception about the Renaissance was that everyone in Europe was equally affected. Art and science did not necessarily filter down to the average citizen like technology does today. Those who both contributed to and experienced the fruits from the Renaissance were typically wealthy artists, philosophers and the rest of the rich.

In reality, many who lived through the Renaissance did not even recognize the importance of the time period. The Renaissance was not so much central to the 15th century as it is important to us now because it influenced the way we live and learn today.

Humanism flourished during the Renaissance. It is an outlook that emphasizes human agency and has two key assertions: that individuals should exercise thought and that secular matters are important.²

Many historians believe the Renaissance was born in Italy, one of the wealthiest countries at the time. An abundance of wealth was necessary to afford and sustain the production of art and study of philosophy and science.

Venice, the richest region of Italy during the Renaissance, was trading with Ottoman Empire. This was the source of much of the city’s income. If they had not been engaging in the trade of textiles and pepper with the Islamic world, they would not have been able to afford the production of much of what we recognize today from the period.³



1. Periods: Renaissance. British Literature Society. Retrieved from
2. History of Early Modern Europe. Essential Humanities. Retrieved from 
3. The Renaissance: Was it a Thing? - Crash Course World History #22. Retrieved from

Contrasting Perspectives From Historical Documents

1. As Islam spread across large regions, Muslim scholars began to adopt ideas from Ancient philosophers. In the following passages, we read some thoughts about the role of Aristotle in Muslim and Renaissance Italian political thought. The first passage was written by Muslim scholar Mohammed Al-Farabi. When one receives instru

Motives Driving The Age of Discovery

In the fifteenth century, commercial supremacy was transferred from the Mediterranean and the Baltic to the Atlantic seaboard. Portuguese and Spanish explorers opened up great opportunities for trade in gold and spices. The exploration era had a significant impact on Europeans and Native Americans. Europeans introduced new crops

Background on Harlem Renaissance

Good morning. I'm working on a project and need backgound help with the following. Can I have several bullet points related to the following - - Advantages of living in Harlem in the 1920s - List and description of famous neighborhoods in Harlem during the 1920s - Famous inhabitants of Harlem during the 1920s Bullet

Religious Influence in the Renaissance and Baroque Periods.

Even though the art in the Renaissance and Baroque periods were not totally religiously oriented as had been the case before 1400, there was still much artistic effort put forth toward the creation of beautiful religious pieces. Explain why this influence continued through these periods and discuss at least three specific repres

Italian and Northern European Renaissance

Can you help me start an outline to compare the Italian Renaissance and the Northern European Renaissance. The outline must contain: -the social and cultural similarities between the Italian and Northern European Renaissance -the social and cultural differences between the Italian and Northern European Renaissance?

Study guide for various historical issues.

I. 150 words Northern Europe: From Paganism to Righteousness The Celtic culture is greatly underestimated for its influence on Europe as a whole. This is because not much is known about the people or tribal communities we associate as being Celtic. Another group of influential people were those of the Carolingian culture,

The fall of Italy

The fall of Italy acted as a catalyst, causing historians and political theorists to approach these disciplines in new ways. Discuss the two main individuals in the text who are representative of the new Renaissance thinking.

Summarize various art eras.

Use either the textbook and/or online sources to locate three pieces of religious art. All three pieces should be dealing with the same subject â?" for example, the crucifixion, mother and child, or the Last Supper. Capture an image from the Early Renaissance period, one from the High Renaissance period, and one from the Ba

Venice during the Renaissance

Briefly outline the artistic, architectural, and political cultural attributes of Venice during the Renaissance period.

Social stratification

Since the Renaissance, have the economic forces, social forces and social stratification shaped western nations? In what ways did this happen? Also, how does the process of legitimization of social stratification work in western nations?

Renaissance Art

view images available from your background readings and pick a work of art from the Renaissance era that catches your eye. It can be one that reminds you of an event from your own life or otherwise gets some kind of emotional reaction from you. Introduce your report with some information about the artist, how the work you chos

Take a position and discuss the following proposition: From ancient Mesopotamia through the Renaissance, individualism was the primary value driving the historical development of Western Civilization.

Take a position and discuss the following proposition: From ancient Mesopotamia through the Renaissance, individualism was the primary value driving the historical development of Western Civilization. (Use relevant primary as well as secondary assigned sources for your discussion.) From ancient Mesopotamia through the Renai

Mental illness prior to the Renaissance period

What are some methods that were used to treat individuals who were presumably suffering from some form of mental illness prior to the Renaissance period? What was the rationale behind these methods?

Renaissance influence

The Italian Renaissance and earlier traditions in the North shaped the best German art of the 16th century, including Grunewald and Durer. How did Early and High Italian Renaissance and Early Northern Renaissance merge in their work?

High Italian Renaissance compared to Ancient Greece: The Ideals

In a sense, the High Italian Renaissance is similar to the Age of Pericles in Athens, in that the turbulence of the time would produce remarkable monuments.How do you think the artistic monuments of the High Italian Renaissance resemble the stature of those produced during the Classical period in Ancient Greek Art, 5th Century B

Renaissance humanism

Define Renaissance humanism. Provide detailed examples. How is Renaissance humanism alike or not alike a humanist in todayâ??s United States? How does a humanist differ from a humanitarian?


Hello Brainmass OTAs, I need to do the paper below. I would really appreciate it if you can help me. I write the full assignment below - ---------------------------------------- INTERNET ACTIVITY Each theme of the unit features several Internet sites, selected for their completeness and relevance. For this theme we have se

Renaissance Humanism

Discuss renaissance humanism, its major influences (such people, social and/or political influences) and analyze the last supper to reveal how it adheres to the aesthetic values of renaissance humanism. The essay should use the work of art as an example of the influence of philosophy in the humanities.

New monarchies were the rulers of European nations during the 15th century who created a strong central government. The centralized governments enabled the New Monarchs in the 15th century for an era of colonization and conquest in the 16th century, and paved the way for rapid economic growth in Europe.

What qualities characterized the "New Monarchies" and what are some of the best examples of such princely states? The Renaissance in 15th century resulted in the rise of new monarchies in Europe. Their rule was hereditary in nature, but they cared for the aspirations of the people. The new monarchs created a strong central

Charlemagne, the king of the Franks and Lombards came to the throne after the death of his brother Carolman. His father Pepin III divided the kingdom between his two sons. Unlike his brother, Charlemagne proved to be an efficient administrator and conqueror. Charlemagne extended his empire through military exploits. At a time, when Europe was in a state of disarray, he unified it by the power of the sword and cross. He conquered the Lombards in Northern Italy, acquired Bavaria and campaigned in Spain and Hungary. He did not call himself emperor but king of Franks and Lombards. Charlemagne was also an able administrator. He delegated the authority to the local rulers; the Frankish nobles. He allowed the different ethnic groups to keep their distinctive. He secretly viewed the events of his empire through his representatives known as missi dominici Charlemagne was a great patron of learning. He gathered in his court the finest men of letters. He reformed the palace school and set up monastic schools throughout the empire. The flowering of learning under Charlemagne's patronage has come to be known as the "Carolingian Renaissance." The empire he established was not known as the Holy Roman Empire but as Carolingian Empire. By establishing a strong government in Western Europe, he paved the way for the development of modern Europe. Crusades: Crusades were a military conflict between Christians and Muslims during the middle ages. When Muslims captured Jerusalem, the most sacred place for the Christians, in 1076, there started a military conflict between both. The first crusade was only successful from the military point of view, but other seven major crusades did not get the desired results. The military confrontations continued upto 200 years (1095-1291). The Crusades had far-reaching political, economic, and social impacts

1.) Discuss the Charlemagne. Why is this period referred to as the Carolingian Renaissance("renaissance" meaning "re-birth"? Charlemagne was a great emperor in the history of Europe. At a time, when Europe was in a state of disarray, he unified it by the power of sword and cross. Charlemagne, otherwise, known as Charles,

Humanities Today questions are embedded.

Please help me with these 2 questions: Course is Humanities 1. How are art and culture a reflection of our changing views of nature, society and the individual? Provide TWO examples. 2.There is a saying: 'Man is the measure of all things.' Think about this and how it's prevalent in ideas and thoughts of the Rena

Humanities: Renaissance and the Age of Baroque

I really need direction here. For both the Renaissance and the Baroque, I need two good examples of each of the following: a. Art b. Music c. Descriptions or drawings of architecture d. Philosophy e. Literature Which examples would you expect to find in a time capsule? How does each example reflect world events and cul

Middle Ages

Western Civilization achieved a relatively sophisticated level of organization during the High Middle Ages, ca. 900 - 1300 AD--why did medieval Europe give way to the early-modern era (post-1400 AD)? I responding, please consider the following events or movements; provide examples of how traditional political, religious, or


1. What is "humanism"? 2. How has its meaning and application evolved over time in consideration of ancient Hebrew theology and law, ancient Greece, Republican or Imperial Rome, during the Renaissance and during the Reformation?