Explore BrainMass


The Enlightenment was a period of time during which western culture was marked by revolutions in science, philosophy, society and politics from the middle of seventeenth century through to the eighteenth century.

It was during the Enlightenment that the Medieval world view was swept away and the modern world was ushered in. This period culminated historically in the political upheaval of the French Revolution. This replaced the previous worldview in France with the Enlightenment ideals of freedom, equality, liberalism and human reason.¹  Elements of the Enlightenment included rationalism, skepticism, subjectivism and the science of man.

The Enlightenment began with the scientific revolution of 16th and 17th centuries. From this, philosophy emerged as an independent force with the power to destroy the old and construct the new instead of just a facet of theology.¹

Three major political revolutions took place in the West during Enlightenment: the English Revolution, The American Revolution and the French Revolution. Our sections on the French Revolution and the American Revolutionary War go into greater detail.

The English Revolution of 1688 saw the overthrow of King James II of England. The American Revolution of 1775-83 created the United States of America out of the thirteen North American Colonies. Finally, the French Revolution of 1789-99 destroyed old ideas about the monarchy and hierarchy in the country and throughout the continent.

All of these events were hugely influential in their respective countries both then and today but also to the rest of the world. We still feel these legacies today in an increasingly secularized and meritocratic society.


1. http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/enlightenment/

Image Credit: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/cb/Salon_de_Madame_Geoffrin.jpg

© BrainMass Inc. brainmass.com June 24, 2019, 9:37 am ad1c9bdddf

Internship in Law Enforcement (Value)

Essay on How would a career goal such as FBI agent, Probation officer, DEA, CSI is/are related to a career in law enforcement , and how an intership with the police department would help a person achieve their goals.

Research Help: Immigration & Crime

Data Summary Research Question: Does increase in immigration lead to an increase in crime? IV = Immigration rate DV = Crime rate Problem trying to solve: An increase in immigration may lead to an increase in different types of criminal activity describe and summarize the data sources that deals with research question abov

Diplomacy and Tyranny of Metternich

Please help with some points on these topics concerning diplomacy and tyranny of Metternich: 1. Prominence of Vienna after the Defeat of Napoleon 2. Early Life of Metternich and his Diplomatic skills 3. Diplomacy of Metternich between France and Russia 4. Key Role played by Metternich at the congress of Vienna and

The Struggle between Bismarck and the Catholic Church

I need some help writing an essay on the struggle between Bismarck and the Catholic Church, here is the essay outline: 1. Introduction 2. The Appointment of Prince Regent Prince Wilhelm and Bismarck as the Prime Minster and Foreign Minister of Prussia 3. Obstructions for Unification of Germany 4. Extensive Authority

Karl Marx's legacy and ideas

Have Karl Marx's legacy and ideas been misrepresented by 20th and 21st century governments? Give specific examples that explain how it was misrepresented.

Western Cultural Influence

Discuss how the non-Western world has dealt with Western ideas and culture in recent times with a minimum of 3 paragraphs.

Columbian Exchange Investigation

Describe what is meant by the biological and ecological interchange known as the "Columbian Exchange." Explain this in 3 paragraphs

Philosophies in the Age of Enlightenment & Romanticism

I need help narrowing down two good examples of philosophy: two from the Enlightenment Period and two from the Romantic Age and then I need to discuss why the examples are significant. So overall I need four good examples total with brief reasons as to why they are significant. The examples need to reflect the developments in wo