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# Physical Chemistry

### Empirical Formula & Products

A compound of bromine and fluorine is used to make UF6, which is an important chemical in processing and reprocessing of nuclear fuel. The compound contains 58.37% by mass of bromine. Determine its empirical formula. A) BrF B) BrF2 C) Br2F3 D) Br3F E) BrF3 Magnesium reacts with iron(III) chloride to from magnesium chlo

### Gas Law State Assumptions

1.a) state the assumption associated with the model used to develop the Ideal Gas Law b) hence or otherwise describe under which physical conditions does the ideal gas law applies 2. Explain why hydrogen which has one electron in its lowest state, should in principle be a metallic conductor in its solid state whereas heli

### Chemical: Gas-Related Problems

6. A gas operates under isothermal conditions. The initial volume of gas in the pump is 22.4 liters, the pressure is one atmosphere and temperature is 273 deg K. if 0.6 mole of gas is released and the volume remains unchanged calculate the new pressure. 7. Calculate the minimum energy a photon must have to produce an electr

### Volume of the Gas in the Cheetos

The gas in a sealed bag of Cheetos? has a volume of 500 mL in Pueblo where the atmospheric pressure is 600 mm of Hg. You take this bag to the top of Pikes Peak where the pressure is 420 mm of Hg. Assuming the temperature on the Peak is the same as Pueblo (hot day on the Peak!), what is the volume of the gas in the Cheetos? bag o

### Buffer solution problem and problem using Henderson-Hasselbalch (H-H) equation

13. What is the pH of a solution prepared by mixing 50.00mL of 0.10 M NH3 with 25.00mL of 0.10 M NH4Cl? Assume that the volume of the solutions are additive and that Kb= 1.8 x 10 -5 for NH3. 14. What is the pH of a solution made by mixing 30.00mL of 0.10M acetic acid with 30.00mL of 0.10 M KOH? Assume that the volumes of the

### Hydrogen phosphate buffer system

Please help with the following problem. Buffer solutions have the unique ability to resist changes in PH when an acid or base is added to them. One important buffer system that helps to maintain blood pH at a constant value of 7.4 is the hydrogen phosphate buffer. The chemical equation for this for this buffer system is: H2P

### What Favors the Reverse Reaction?

Consider the equilibrium represented by the following equation: Heat + H2O(l)<>H2O(g) in which T=373K, P=101kPa Which of the following will favour the reverse reaction? (a) The total volume of the system is increased. (b) Boiling water is added to the system. (c) Water vapour is removed from the system. (d) The sy

### Truth about Systems at Equilibrium

Consider a stoppered flask containing benzene, iodine, and air, which has reached equilibrium at 298K. Which one of the following statements concerning the system at equilibrium is true? (a) The pressure of the vapour phase is not constant. (b) Evaporation of the liquid continues. (c) The colour of the liquid phase will

### Reaction Mechanisms of Tin

For these reactions I need mechanisms like "with curly arrows" like I-I bonds breaking and what happens next: 1. Sn + 2I2 -> SnI4 (Ac2O,AcOH, reflux) 2. SnI4 + 2PPh3 -> (PPh3)2SnI4 (CHCl3) 3. SnI4 + (Me2SO)2 -> SnI4(Me2SO)2 (CH2Cl2)

### Diffussion controlled electrolysis

Diffussion controlled electrolysis proceeds on (a) planar and (b) spherical electrode under the conditions: n = 1, C = 1 mM, A= 0.04 cm^2, D = 1.5x10^-5 cm^2/s. Calculate the current (i) in both cases at t = 0.5, 1, 3, 10 sec. How long can the electrolysis proceeed before the current at the spherical electrode exceeds that

### Lewis Structures, Hybrid orbital

1. Draw the Lewis structure for OF2 (small 2 at bottom) What are its electron-pair and molecular geometries? decribe the bonding in the molecule in terms of hybrid orbitals. 2. Draw the Lewis structure for C1F 2 + (small s at bottom and small + at top) What are its electron-pair and molecular geometries? decribe the bonding i

### Calorimetry involving heat of solution of NaOH(s)

A lab experiment dealing with the properties of a coffee cup calorimeter was completed. One of the procedures involved measuring the temperature of 50mL water placed in a calorimeter for 3 minutes, and then adding NaOH(s) pellets and measuring the temperature for 4 more minutes. I have several temperature measurements, but I am

### Relationship between Refractive index and Mole Fraction

How can you use refractive indices to calculate weight % composition of a distillate and its residue? How can you convert the weight % composition to mole fractions? Could you please show me how they relate in mathematical form?

### Rates and electrochemistry

1. Step 1: Cl2 ------ 2Cl (fast) Step 2: CHCl3 + Cl -------- CCl3 + HCl (slow) Step 3: CCl3 + Cl ------------CCl4 (fast) Identify the rate determining step, reaction intermediates and the experimental rate law (intermediates can not be in the rate law) 2. For the half-reaction XeF2(aq) +

### Rates and electrochemistry

The numerical value of the rate constant for the gaseous reaction 2N2O5------- 4NO2+ O2 was found to be 5.8*10-4. The initial concetration of N205 was 1.00mol/L. Assuming all measurements are recorded in seconds, determine the tim required for the reation to be 60% complete if the reaction is second order

### Thermodynamics Initial and Final Volumes

1. 5.30 moles of gas, initially at 25 degrees celcius and 5.00 atm pressure, was allowed to expand adiabatically( with no heat exchange between systen and surroundings) against a constant external pressure of 1.50 atm until the initial volume had trebled. The heat capacity of the gas was known to be 37.1 J/ degree celuius mol

### Derive expression and numerical value for compression factor of gas that obeys the equation of state.

Derive an expression for the compression factor of a gas that obeys the equation of state P(V - nb) = nRT where b and R are constants. If the pressure and temperature are such that Vm = 10b, what is the numerical value of the compression factor? Extra Info. As a measure of the deviation from ideality of the behavi

### Change of Internal Energy, Entropy, Volume with Temperature

The two figures show Cp VS T for various transitions. I need to know what the graph would look like for: 1. u (internal energy) vs T 2. S (Entropy) vs T 3. and V vs T for a first order (discontinuous) transition. Extra Info: FOr the equilibrium phase transitions at constant T and P (temperature and pressure) t

### Electrode Chemistry

An ammonium ion selective electrode responds to both NH4+ and H+, but not to NH3. (pKa=9.244 for NH4+) A) What pH conditions must be imposed to ensure the electode properly represents toe activity of NH4+ B) Why is the ionic strength an important factor when using this or any ISE? How can you compensate for this effect?

### Chemistry

How would you prepare a liter of "carbonate buffer" at a pH of 10.10? Ka = 4.2 times ten to the negative 7(carbonic acid) Ka = 4.8 times ten to the negative 11(bicarbonate ion) It says the key to solving the problem is picking the correct Ka value. How do I know which one to work with?

### AP Chemistry Test Review: Gases

(See attached file for full problem description) --- 31. A sample of H2 gas occupies 615 mL at C and 575 mm Hg. When the gas is cooled, its volume is reduced to 455 mL and its pressure is reduced to 385 mm Hg. What is the new temperature of the gas? 54. Hydrogen can be made in the "water gas reaction." If you

### Blending of Wines with Acid

I need some help with this question: Two wines are available for blending: One tank of 1000 L has a Titratable Acidity of 9.0 g/L and another tank containing 2000 L has a Titratable Acidity of 0.6 g/L. How much volume do you need to blend to make the 9.0 g/L Titatrable Acid wine equivalent to 7.2 g/L? What is the final volu

### Ions being reduced or oxidized

*** Please see file for full description*** 1. Into each of three potatoes insert 1 copper and 1 zinc probe. The probes should be inserted to a medium depth inside the potatoes and should be spaced within about an inch of each other. The probes should NOT touch inside or outside of the potato. IMPORTANT: To illuminate an

### Mass of Material

Calculate the mass of material required if 1000 calories of energy causes a change from -27ºF to 91ºC and the specific heat capacity is 0.25 joules/gram-degree C. The distance planet Inverse has a unique temperature scale. Their degree is not equivalent of our Celsius degree; they measure the freezing point of water as 100

### Assorted AP Chemistry Questions

Consider the reaction. Mn3N2 (s) +H2O (l) &#8594; Mg(OH)2 (s) + NH3 (g) a) Balance the equation and name each compound. b) How many moles of Mg(OH)2 are produced from .319 mol of magnesium nitride? c) How many grams of water are necessary to produce 4.39 mol of ammonia? d) If 12.48g of magnesium hydroxide are

### Titration Chemistry Problems

Consider two solutions. One solution is 0.1115 M Ca(OH)(2). The other is 0.1050 M HClO(4). a) Write a balanced equation for the reaction between the two solutions. b) How many mL of Ca(OH)(2) will be required to neutralize 25.00 mL of the HClO(4)? c) If a student starts to titrate 31.39 mL of the Ca(OH)(2) solut

### AP Chemistry Problem

1: Consider mixing solutions of silver nitrate and calcium chloride. a. write a net ionic equation for the formation of the precipitate. b. If 200.0 mL of .300 M silver nitrate are mixed with 350.0 ml of .500 M calcium chloride, how many grams of precipitate are formed? How many moles of each ions are present after orecip

### Dissolution of monoprotic acid

A 0.1mol/L aqueous solution of weak monoprotic acid (contains one ionizable hydrogen atom) has a hydrogen ion concentration of 0.001mol/L. The value of the ionization, Ka, for this acid is: a) 10^-5 (10 to the power of -5) b) 10^-2 (10 to the power of -2)

### Helium balloon

If a helium balloon breaks loose it rises into the atmosphere and at some point bursts. Explain why?

### Vacuum Question

Materials vacuum chamber and pumper large marshmallow balloon Procedure Wear safety goggles. 1. Place one large marshmallow in the vacuum chamber. 2. Cover the chamber with the dome and insert the pumper into the rubber septum. 3. Raise and lower the pumper slowly and observe what happens to the marshmallow. 4. The