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Compounds

In chemistry, a compound is a pure chemical substance made up of two or more different elements. For example, molecular hydrogen with chemical formula H2 is not considered a compound as it is composed of only one type of element: hydrogen. However, water with chemical formula H2O is considered a compound as it is made of two parts hydrogen and one part oxygen. Thus, all compounds are molecules, but not all molecules are compounds.

In terms of bonding, compounds are formed when two or more atoms are joined chemically, meaning a defined chemical bond is present between linked atoms. This differentiates a compound from a mixture, which is just a substance made by combining two or more different elements in such a way that no chemical reaction occurs. Thus, compounds can usually be separated into its constituting atoms by chemical reactions, while mixtures do not have this ability.

Structurally, since compounds have a fixed ratio of atoms, their spatial arrangement of bonds and atoms are well-defined. They can vary not only on the type of composing atoms, but also on the type of bonds holding the compound together. As with molecules, compounds can be held together by covalent bonds, ionic bonds, metallic bonds, and coordinate covalent bonds. Thus, understanding the nature of compounds is essential for constructing a conceptual framework needed to understand chemical composition.

Chemistry: Compound Composition

Please discuss how to find the molar mass of a compound, percent composition of the elements of a compound and how to determine the empirical and molecular formulas from percent composition.

Heating aluminum and changes in combustion

1. Aluminum has a specific heat of 0.880 J/g-deg. How many joules are needed to heat 155g of Al from 20.0oC to 75.0oC 2. Characterize each of the following as saturated, unsaturated, or unable to exist.Give reasons for your answers. A. C5H12 B. C3H2 C. C8H20 D. C2H2 E. CH3 3. The ∆H of

Chemistry Reaction and Concepts

I need some help answering these questions. 1. A.What is the mass in grams of 2.75 moles of CH4 ? B. How many moles are in 365 grams of K2SO4 ? 2. Using the bond energies below determine the value and sign of delta H for the reaction: 2H-H + O=O → 2H-O-H

Chemist Symbolism

Chemists use symbolism to facilitate writing of chemical equations. Briefly explain the difference between 1) CuSO (s) and CuSO . 5H O(S) 4 4 2 2) CuSO (s) and CuSO (aq) 4 4 3) CuSO . 5H O(s) and CuSO (aq) 4 2 4

Predicting Formulas of Ionic Compounds

Predict the formulas of the ionic compounds formed by the following elements: 1. lithium and oxygen (Li and O) 2. nickel and sulfur (Ni and S) 3. bismuth and fluorine (Bi and F) 4. magnesium and chlorine (Mg and Cl)

NOMENCLATURE

Name these substances: a) (CU(Cl4)^2- b) Ag(NH3)2^+ c) Cu(NH3)4 SO4 d)Al(H2O)6 Cl3

Determining a Chemical Formula

Determine the chemical formulas for the following compounds: A) a covalent compound whose molecules contain 2 carbon atoms, 6 hydrogen atoms and an oxygen atom B) a compound composed of Na+ and O2- ions C) a compound composed of Sn4+ and S2- ions D) a compound composed of Fe2+ and PO4 3- ions

Compound Mixtures: Ammonium Chloride and Water

Does ammonium chloride added to water produce a simple solution, does the ammounium chloride dissociate or does a chemical reaction occur resulting in a new set of compounds? If so, what are these compounds?

Ionic Compounds

Give the formula for each of the following ionic compounds: a) calcium hydrogen carbonate b) potassium permangante c) magnesium perchlorate d) potassium hydrogen phosphate e) sodium sulfite