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Functional Groups and Intermolecular Forces

The functional groups determine the reactivity of their molecules because of their ability to direct the interactions of the overall molecule. - Choose two functional groups from chapter 11 or 12. For each functional group find a household product that contains the functional groups you chose (e.g. fingernail polish remover c

OH Function in Alcohol

1) What is the major product of dehydration of an alcohol? 2) Why does the simplest ketone have three carbon atoms and no fewer? 3) An alcohol has an OH functionality in it. Do you expect it to be a base? Why, or why not? 4) Name the following: a) CH3CH2CH(OH)COOH b) CH3OCH2CH2CH3 c) C4H9O(C=O)CH3 5) When acetic acid re

Thermal Decomposition

Calculate the following: (a) Moles of malachite in 1g: Cu2CO3(OH)2 Cu= 63.55 x 2=127.1 C= 12.01 O= 16 x 5= 80 H=1.008 x 2= 2.016 (b) Moles of CuO produced: .72 g CuO produced (c) Ratio of moles of CuO produced per moles of malachite decomposed 3. Use the mole ratio of CuO produced per mole of malachite

10 Questions About Alkanes and Structural Diagrams

1) Which general formula applies to hydrocarbons with one double covalent between adjacent atoms? A. CnH2n+2 B. CnH2n C. CnH2n-2 D. CnH2n-4 E. CnH2n-6 2) The compound, 2-methyl-2-propanol, is an isomer of A. butane B. propane C. butanol D. propanol E. methanol 3) Which organic compound is an ele

VSEPR: Determining the Shapes of Molecules

1. Summarize in your own words the rules for writing Lewis electron-dot structures. Use and example of a simple molecule (not SO2, CO2, or H2O) to illustrate the application of these rules. NO3- . . 2. For the molecule you used in example in Question1 above, explain the reasoning in how the VSEPR theory would be used

Structure and Solubility of Zinc Borate

The plant that I work at uses a zinc borate (US Borax) compound whose chemical formula is 2ZnO-3H2BO3-3.5H2O ----- essentially a hydrated mixture of zinc oxide, boric acid, and water to form the granular zinc borate.We use it as a wood preservative and must keep it in an insoluble form in our process chemistry. My question ho

What is Zeta Potential?

Can you explain zeta potential in simple terms? If you haven't deduced by now, my study mates and I are all Chem Engineering grads from the early 80's and sadly have forgotten much of what we academically one knew....we are all now pursuing Master's degrees and it is a struggle re-learning much of this material. Also...we

Wood Preservatives: Polarity and Natrural Alternatives

Wood preservatives range from pentachlorophenol, to creosote, to chromated copper arsenate etc. etc. While most of these compounds are intended to deter rot and fungal decay of the wood, they also exhibit a significant water repellent characteristic? 1) What is it about these compounds that repels water? It may have something

Electron Configuration

The full electron configuration (1s^22s^2,etc..) for each of the following. Helium, Z = 2 Neon, Z = 10 Argon, Z = 18 Krypton, Z = 36 If you use the symbol of the previous noble gas to help indicate core electrons, help write the electron configuration for each of the following elements. Zirocnium, Z = 40 Vanadium, Z = 2

Aluminum Hydroxide Formation

Could you please help me better understand the formation of aluminum hydroxide --- for instance: Again, lets assume we have a generally weak acid solution to which we add aluminum sulfate. The objective is to precipitate aluminum hydroxide per the following reaction which I believe to be correct. Al2(SO4)3 + HCO3- = 2Al(OH

Valence Bond Theory

In phosphine, PH3, the H-P-H has angles at 93.6 degrees. Describe the bonding of the molecule per valence bond theory.


1. Explain why some authors never write H+, but always write H3O+. 2. Any + ion in solution is attracted to the polar water molecules, but we often write Na+ ignoring the water. What is different about H+ that many chemists never write it alone? 3. Explain why choloracetic acid is a stronger acid than acetic acid.

Conductivity of a Strong Electrolyte

The conductivity of a strong electrolyte depends ont hte ions in the solution. H+ and OH- in water conduct electricity 3 to 5 times better than other monvalent ion. What happens to the conductivity of 0.1000 M HCl as it is titrated with 0.1000 M NaOH?

The solution to General chemistry questions

1. If the solubility of nitrogen is 1.90 cm3 / 100 cm3 blood at 1.00 atm, what is the solubility of nitrogen in a scuba divers blood at a depth of 155 feet where the pressure is 5.50 atm? 2. The solubility of nitrous gas is 0.121 g N2O / 100 g water at 20°C and 1.00 atm. What is the partial pressure of nitrous oxide required t

Solubility of Starches

1. Some starch/carbohydrates, although soluble in warm water, become gel like once experincing a cold atmosphere. The commercial dessert, Jell-O, is composed of just this type of starch. Making the dessert Jell-O requires bringing to a boli a certain amount of water before adding in the powdered Jell-O crystals. Then, as soon as

Chemistry problems

1. 0.412 mol of a solid was dissolved in 200 mL of water at 21.2 oC. After the solid had fully dissolved, the final temperature of the solution was 17.9 oC. What is the molar heat of solution of the substance? _______________kJ/mol 2. Use Appendix B and the fact that the heats of formation of OF2 and OCl2 are 24.7 and 80.37

Bonding Structures and VSEPR Theory

Help with various molecular geom/chem bonding problems. Any explanations would be greatly appreciated. (See attached file for full problem description with chart) 1. Fill in the table below for each of the following compounds. The column headings refer to the central atom, which is shown in bold type. (VSEPR Model)

5 Questions on Ionic/Covalent Bonding

(See attached file for full problem description with diagrams) 1. Which bonds below are polar and which are nonpolar? If a bond is polar, indicate which end is positive and which end is negative. (Pol Cov Bonds -Electronegativity ) C-S F-C N-O Si-Br Cl-C 2. Briefly explain why each Lewis formula attached

Ionic substances and exothermic lattice

State which compound in each of the following pairs of ionic substances has the most exothermic lattice and why: NaCl, CaS Li2O, Na2O LiF, NaCl MgO, CaS Plus two requirements that should be satisfied for a molecule to be polar

Ozonolysis of Myrcene

Myrcene, C10H16, a terpene, absorbs three moles of hydrogen to form C10H22. Upon ozonolysis myrcene yields the two compounds shown in the first attached .jpg (I5Q2a). 1. What structures for myrcene are consistent with the facts? 2. Based on the isoprene rule (naturally occurring terpenes are made up of isoprene segments)

PH problem - Buffer

1. A typical buffer used by biochemists is called Tris, which can be depicted as R3N (i.e. a tertiary amine). A buffer that is prepared by mixing 500 ml of 0.05 M R3N with 500 ml of 0.05 M R3NHCL at 25 degrees Celsius has a pH of 8.4. If this same buffer is placed in a cold room at 4 degrees Celsius, the pH decreases to 9.2.

Molecules, atoms, composition, descriptions, bonds

Select a molecule. List the atoms that that molecule is composed of and describe the type of bond that holds those atoms together. Be sure to explain how this bond works. The following template must be used to answer the question. Molecule Name: Atoms Found: Chemical Formula: Bonds Found: How Bonds Wor

Rate Constant and Periodic Trends

I need some help answering these two questions: 1. For the following balanced reaction, determine the rate expression and the rate constant, k, for it using the data given below. 2A + B +C yields D + 2E + F Experiment [A] mol/L [B] mol/L [C] mol/L Rate (M sec-1)

Linus Pauling

Briefly summarize the life of Linus Pauling and his contributions to the area of chemical bonding.

General Chemistry

A saturated solution _______________. a. cannot be attained b. contains dissolved solute in equilibrium with undissolved solid c. contains as much solvent as it can hold d. will rapidly precipitate if a seed crystal is added e. contains no double bonds Which one of the following is most soluble in water?