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Pharmacology and Toxicology

Steroid Treatment for Rheumatoid Arthritis Side-Effects

Josie has been taking steroids for a prolonged period of time as treatment for rheumatoid arthritis. She has gained weight, especially in her face, and notices that her skin is thin and bleeds easily. What do you need to tell Josie about salt and water intake?

Prescription Dose: Tetracycline for Pneumonia

Mr. Combs is prescribed tetracycline for pneumonia. The prescription is for 750mg po every 4 hours. Is this the correct dose? what should you tell the patient to do? What are some education tips to tell you patient when taking tetracycline?

Critical thinking scenerio is posed.

Sally is 6 months old and needs several IM immunizations as prescribed by the Center for Disease Control. In what position should Sally be placed? What muscle group should the allied health professional choose for giving this medication?

Short essay answer - Medications administration routes: oral, rectal, IV

1.Why is oral administration of a medication the most desirable route? 2.Why can some medications not be given orally? 3.What medications can be divided for doses? What medications should not be crushed for administration? 4.What does it mean to â??pour a medication to the meniscusâ?? 5.Why are medications given

This solution answers several questions relating to intravenous infusion of fluids. It describes the importance of hypotonic vs hypertonic solutions, the basic types of IV therapy, and details on the function of drip chambers.

1. what is the difference among hypotonic, isotonic, and hypertonic solutions? How does these affect the movement of fluids in the body? 2. What are the three basic types of IV therapy? 3. What are the two types of drip chambers found on IV tubing? Why are they important? 4. Why is it important to carefully calculate t

Dosage strengths calculations

A prescription medication comes in tablets form with dosage strengths of 5 mg, 10 mg, 20 mg, 40 mg, and 80 mg. Determine the best combination for each dose. (This is not time-release medication.) please show work if possible. 1. 60 mg daily dosage, to be given in divided doses tid. 2. 15 mg daily dosage, to be given as a singl

Personalized Medicine

Explain how modern genetic technology may lead to personalized medicine. Give two or more specific examples of the benefits of personalized medicine. Discuss the drawbacks and limitations of this approach to human medicine. Cite your sources.

Muscles contraction and the effects of anesthetics

Prior to intubation for a surgical procedure, the anesthesiologist administered a single dose of the neuromuscular blocking agent, succinylcholine, to a 23-year-old female to provide muscular relaxation during surgery and to facilitate the insertion of the endotracheal tube. Following this, the inhalation anesthetic was administ

Drug Administration and Crash Cart Organization

Could you please help with the following questions. Thank you. 1) What are the various methods of drug administration? Explain why one method would be chosen over another. 2) What are the general requirements for a code cart set up?

What are arterial lines and what are they used for?

Could you please help with the following questions. Thank You. 1) What purpose do arterial venous lines serve and which vessels are they placed in? 2) Why is a pulmonary arterial line not an arterial line in the strictest sense of the word?

Patients Needing Conscious Sedation: General Questions

1) Describe the symptoms of a patient needing conscious sedation and how the decision would be made. 2) What is the primary effect of sedation and why is it important for patients to be closely monitored for even the simplest procedure? 3) How would sedation dose affect different patients?

Conscious Sedation

Who makes the decision to use conscious sedation? What considerations are taken into consideration?

Charting for the imaging professional

1)What are some reasons the imaging professional should chart carefully? In which ways is charting accomplished? 2)Which examinations require charting and how is this done?

Regulations/Standards for venipuncture and Iv medication

Could you please help with the following questions, I am having difficulty locating information. Thank You. 1)Identify the regulations concerning venipuncture, drug administration, and IV medication. Explain the possible repercussions that could arise when these standards are violated. How do the standards apply to ancillary

Contrast media

Could you please help with the following questions regarding pharmacology and toxicology? Provide at least 300 words. 1) Give examples of how contrast media are used to produce an image. 2) Compare ionic and non-ionic contrast media.

Measuring the Dosage of Amoxicillin

A robust first grader goes for swimming lessons three times a week, and he enjoys it thoroughly. During the first week of December, he develops an upper respiratory infection, starts coughing continuously, and has a high fever of 39 C. His condition remains the same even after five days of bed rest and conservative measures. Eve

A new manufacturer is advertising a new cake mix as fat free.

A food manufacturer is advertising a new cake mix as fat free. Scientists at the US FDA are testing the product to see if truly lacks fat. Hydrolysis of the cake mix yields glucose, fructose, glycerol, a number of amino acids, and several kinds of molecules with long hydrocarbon chains have a carboxyl group at one end. Re

Calculations Associated with Alcohol Consumption

A 40-year-old manager, at a prominent legal firm in L.A., experiences abdominal pains post lunch. He goes to the restroom a couple of times, but continues to experience pain and cramps. He eventually decides to get himself examined. While questioning him, you learn that he consumed two bottles of beer at lunch. The alcohol (ethy

Biochemical and behavioural Pharmacology

Hi, I have attached 2 calculations file. Using those calcuations, I am supposed to draw a log graph, However, I am totally clueless as to how I am supposed to proceed with it in regards to obtaining curves etc. Therefore, If somebody could start me off and give me an indiaction or explanation as to how I am supposed to dra

Biochemical and behavioural Pharmacology

Experiment to determine the affinity for competitive antagonists at cholinoceptors in isolated tissues All the information is in the attached files. The first 3 files provide a description of what the experiment was about, how we carried it out, and theory etc. I have not been able to attach these files however, can ema

Ethical Pharmacology and FDA

Please provide a detailed explanation with references. Ethical Pharm and FDA Question: A new product system that falls under the IDE is being displayed at the trade show booth along with other products that have already received FDA approval. What is wrong with this situation (Please be concise)

Neuron Bathed in Muscimol & Baclofen

Please see the attached figure. This is from the cerebellum of a rat. Plate 1 shows the normal activity of a neuron. Plate 2 shows the activity of a neuron after being bathed in muscimol (a GABAa agonist). Plate 3 shows the activity of a neuron after being bathed in balcofen (a GABAb agonist). Plate 4 shows the wash out o

Medical Use for Tritium

Please help finding information about a medical uses for tritium as a tracer. How is tritium used in tritium labeling? How does it work? What are the benefits and limitation tritium in this procedure? What the future holds for further use of tritium in the body? I have tried to research the topic but I'm having a hard time