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Intravenous Infusion of Fluids

1. what is the difference among hypotonic, isotonic, and hypertonic solutions?
How does these affect the movement of fluids in the body?

2. What are the three basic types of IV therapy?

3. What are the two types of drip chambers found on IV tubing? Why are they important?

4. Why is it important to carefully calculate the infusion rate for IV therapy?

Solution Preview

1.) what is the difference among hypotonic, isotonic, and hypertonic solutions?
How does these affect the movement of fluids in the body?

Isotonic solutions have the same salt concentration as your cells, so in the presence of this solution, cells would neither retain nor lose water to the circulation through osmosis. Hypotonic solutions have a lower salt concentration, so water will be drawn into the cells from the blood by osmosis. In contrast, hypertonic solutions have a higher salt concentration than your cells, so osmosis will make water be drawn from the cells into the circulation.

2. What are the three basic types of IV therapy?

The three ...

Solution Summary

This solution answers several questions relating to intravenous infusion of fluids. It describes the importance of hypotonic vs hypertonic solutions, the basic types of IV therapy, and details on the function of drip chambers.

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