Explore BrainMass

Health Psychology Theories and Theorists

If you've ever been told an illness or physical discomfort is 'all in your head', you've encountered the basic question of health psychology - how much do psychological factors influence and/or contribute to physical health problems? Some aspects of the field have infiltrated popular knowledge, such as the placebo effect and psychosomatic symptoms, but there are many other important and interesting areas of study besides those - for example1:

  • psychological factors to disease (and therefore, the possibility of prevention)
  • mechanisms for interaction between psychological and biological factors
  • lifespan and illness resistance benefits from psychological well-being
  • child/adolescent psychological problems affecting physical health and development
  • explaining health differences in ethnicity, social classes and sexual orientations by psychological differences
  • the impact of advances in health sciences on psychology
  • managing pain

Many famous psychologists and their work is relevant in the above areas, including but not limited to Maslow's hierarchy of needs and Selye's work on general adaption syndrome, cortisol etc. that concerns negative physical effects of mental stress. Some of the ideas even stretch as far back as ancient medieval Islamic physicians Abu Zayd al-Balkhi and Haly Abbas who noted correlations between mental and physical health2, a concept that Freud later took a great interest in with his theories of psychoanalysis. However, the field is a fairly recent one, only proposed in 1977 by Matarazzo3; much remains to be discovered.



1. Kazak, A., (monthly journal). Health Psychology. 1st ed. : APA.

2. Nurdeen Deuraseh and Mansor Abu Talib (2005), "Mental health in Islamic medical tradition", The International Medical Journal 4 (2), p. 76-79.

3. Matarazzo, J. D. (1980). Behavioral health and behavioral medicine: Frontiers for a new health psychology. American Psychologist, 35, 807-818.

Approaches to Mental Health

Your task is to prepare a PowerPoint presentation identifying and explaining five to seven commonly used contemporary clinical approaches in psychotherapy in the treatment of mental health. Your audience for this presentation is a class of graduate students studying mental health treatment. Include in your presentation the histo

Empowering Adults with ID Through Vocational Therapy & Training

Focusing on health psychology select a topic that aligns with personal and/or professional goals. Do the following: 1. Select a health psychology topic that aligns with personal and professional goals. 2. Include hypothesis and a review of the literature. 3. Incorporate a minimum of 10 outside scholarly resources including,

Health prevention Program design and a behavioral health summary

(need some help.. ideas, rough draft, information) Help with the program. Behavioral Health Prevention Program Design a behavioral health prevention program that outlines the program and addresses the following: 1.Program mission and vision, including theoretical knowledge of working with individuals and families in th

Health Psychology

What factors have affected (and will continue to affect) the growth of health psychology?

Sport Psychology

Provide a general overview of sport psychology. Explain one principal area of focus (motivation, self-confidence, or stress and anxiety) and provide an example of the application of this concept to sport coaching.

Intelligence Theories

Compare and contrast the psychometric approach, Gardner's theory of multiple intelligences, and Sternberg's triarchic theory. As you analyze the differences and similarities of these theories, decide which theory best describes human intelligence.

Systemic and Pulmonary Circulation Paths

If a cardiologist inserts a catheter into a patient's right femoral artery, which arteries would the tube have to pass through in order to reach the entrance to the left coronary artery? Procedures such as this allow for better circulation. Trace the pathway of blood through pulmonary and systemic circulation.

Psychology Service Professionals

What are the similarities and differences of how a private practice psychologist and a clinical psychologist approach treatment in their settings? 400 words.

History and Evolution of Clinical Psychology

- What is the history and evolving nature of clinical psychology - What is the role of research and statistics in clinical psychology - What are the differences between clinical psychology and other mental health professions, including social work, psychiatry, and school psychology

Human Resources Ethics Case & Code Review

Special Request. Hi Xenia Rochelle Jones, Please note, I'm working on the above case study & I included an example of my previous Solution on Ethics which will give you ideas to do the rest, Please see attached files and the Name of the Text Book used; Book used; (Managing in the public sector: A casebook Sharp, B.

Explore merits of moral education

Discuss whether moral education or values clarification should be included in both the school curriculum (at the elementary, middle school, high school and college levels) and work place (e.g. job place rules). What are the pros and cons of such programs? At what age should children be exposed to values clarification? How c