Explore BrainMass

Explore BrainMass


    Bioethics is moral judgment as it relates to medical policy, practice, and research.

    Fritz Jahr coined the term bioethics in 1927 in an article about the bioethical imperative regarding the scientific use of animals and plants¹. In the 1970s the American biochemist Van Rensselaer Potter also used the term bioethics to generate global ethics, a discipline representing a link between biology, ecology, medicine, and human values in order to ensure the survival of humans and other species¹.

    Bioethical issues first took their modern spotlight after the human experiments undertaken during the Nazi regime during World War II. They began to reappear in the 1960s with the technological advances that led to easier organ transplants, the development of kidney dialysis, and respirators. Bioethical issues began to boom in the 1990s and 2000s after the US presidents began to focus attention on bioethical issues.

    Bioethicists often disagree among each other over the limits of their discipline. Some bioethicists narrow their ethical evaluation only to the morality of medical treatments or technological innovations and the timing of medical treatments. Others broaden their scope to include the morality of all actions that affect organisms that feel fear¹.

    Bioethics can also be expanded to include cloning, gene therapy, life extension, human genetic engineering, and astroethics.

    In human biology and psychology there are several principles that researchers and researchers must guarantee to humans. Some of these include autonomy, benefice, justice, human dignity, and the sanctity of life¹.



    1. Lolas, F. (2008). Bioethics and Animal Research: A Personal Perspective and a Note on the Contribution of Fritz Jahr.

    © BrainMass Inc. brainmass.com May 24, 2024, 1:37 pm ad1c9bdddf

    BrainMass Solutions Available for Instant Download

    ACA Code of Ethics Scenario Analysis

    How do I response to this example; Using the ACA Code of Ethics on Assessment and as ab option using the APA Ethical Guidelines for Assessment. Forester-Miller, H., & Davis, T. E. (2016). Practitioner's guide to ethical decision making (Rev. ed.). Retrieved from http://www.counseling.org/docs/default-source/ethics/pract

    Euthanasia: Right to Die

    Does a doctor or a family have a right to override a patients end of life decision to die with dignity? Is that ethical?

    Death Penalty for Mentally Impaired Individuals

    Should people with mental impairment be subjected to the death penalty? See the following references: http://www.usatoday.com/story/news/politics/2013/12/06/stateline-supreme-court-death-penalty-mentally-disabled/3890885/ https://www.capdefnet.org/hat/uploadedFiles/Public/Supreme_Court_Developments/Cert_Petitions_Granted_wi

    Does right to choose mean right to kill?

    A discussion about choices regarding life and death? To what extent should parents be able to choose if a child lives or dies? To what extent should the government have the right to decide who lives or dies? Can a parent choose to end the life of a child if the parent determines that the child's quality of life is unacceptabl

    Ethics Case Study: Donation of Body Organs and Blood

    Responsibilities after Divorce Category: Family ethics Elmer donated a pint of blood that his wife Doris needed during operation. Elmer and Doris were subsequently divorced. Several years after the divorce Elmer was in an accident and needed a pint of blood. His new wife, Cora, was of a different blood type, and thus could

    Mmultiple-personality disorder

    1. Are the different personalities in people suffering from multiple-personality disorder different persons? Why or why not? 2. The preferred treatment for people suffering from multiple-personality disorder is to merge the different personalities into one. Often this results in the destruction of one or more of those person