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Malaria Control: WHO position on DDT

The use of DDT has been banned in the United States because of environmental damage and human health concerns. However, in malaria-plagued countries such as Africa, the World Health Organization approves the use of DDT for indoor residual house spraying. Read the following WHO's Position Statement, "The use of DDT in malaria vector control".

Link to: WHO's Position Statement on DDT
Take the position that you work for the World Health Organization, and have been tasked with re-evaluating the current policies outlined in their Position Statement. The following questions and instructions will guide you in your analysis, but feel free to use other information and avenues of investigation to critically analyze this policy.
1. How would you use a risk versus benefit assessment, and what other types of toxicology data would you need to make this decision? Refer to Chapter 12.
2. Use the four phases of the disposition of a toxic compound to assess the toxicity of DDT.
3. What types of exposure and response are associated with DDT?
4. Should the WHO continue to approve the use of DDT to combat malaria?

Global Malaria Programme
The use of DDT in malaria vector control
WHO position statement
World Health Organization, 2011
http://www.who.int/malaria/publications/atoz/who_htm_gmp_2011/en/index.html

Solution Preview

Dear Student,
Hi and thank you for using Brainmass. The solution below should get you started. This time, the attachment worked which is good news for us. Now, on to your task. I suggest targeting 3 pages of review which should require a minimum of 900 words. So, how should you do this? I suggest this outline:

1. Particulars - 150 words
2. Summary - 150 words
3. Key ideas - 200 words
4. Key ideas - 200 words
5. Personal Views - 200 words

This outline should provide all that you need. You can also use the listed resources to further explore the topic. Good luck with your studies.

Sincerely,
AE 105878/Xenia Jones

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Article Review

â?¢ Author: Global Malaria Programme
â?¢ Title: The use of DDT in malaria vector control
â?¢ Publisher: World Health Organization
â?¢ Particulars: A WHO position statement, © World Health Organization, 2011

This particular article is a position paper, an essay that presents the Global Malaria Programme's view on an issue. The program in question is that of the World Health Organization and this position paper represents the organization's position on the utilization of DDT, an organochlorine insecticide also known as dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane for use in malaria vector control. While the paper does not present a full chemical background and profile of the insecticide, it is important to present it here. DDT is essentially crystalline and white in appearance; solid, tasteless and approaching colorlessness. It is formulated in so many forms including forms for solutions in petroleum as well as xylene distillates, water-wettable powders, aerosols, smoke candles, vaporizers, lotions and emulsifiable formulations. First distilled in 1874, it was used first in 1939 to control malaria and typhus and this became far more important in the second half of WW2 when DDT was employed ...

Solution Summary

The solution provides information, assistance and advise in tackling the task (see above) on the topic of reviewing the position of the World Health Organization on the use of DDT in Malaria Vector Control as proposed in an article. The questions posed are provided insightful answers based on available research. Resources are listed for further exploration of the topic. Full article details are also provided.

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