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Corrections or Punishment

Correction, corrections, and correctional, are umbrella terms which describe a variety of functions that are typically carried out by government agencies.¹ They involve the punishment, treatment, and supervision of persons who have been convicted of crimes. This commonly includes imprisonment, parole, and probation.¹ A correctional system, or a penal system, refers to a network of agencies that administer a jurisdiction's prisons and community-based programs like parole and probation boards.² 

Corrections is also the name of a field of academic study, regarding theories, policies, and programs regarding the practice of corrections. Its object of study includes personnel training and management as well as the experiences of those on the other side of the fence.¹



1. Stohr, Mary and Anthony Walsh. (2008). Corrections: A Text/Reader. Sage.

2. Garner, Bryan. (2009). Black's Law Dictionary.

Categories within Corrections or Punishment


Postings: 26

Incarceration refers to the act of incarcerating or putting in prison or another enclosure.

Probation & Parole

Postings: 5

Probation refers to the correctional method under which convicted offenders are supervised in the community instead of imprisonment, or after a period of imprisonment has been served.

Questions on The Criminal System

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Lieberman study today

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Fast Track Death Penalty

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Productive Punishment

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Gary Ridgeway (the Green River Killer)

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juvenile adjudication

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Moral Panic Issues

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Rehabilitation versus Crime Control

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PSI Report

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Code of Ethics for Correctional Officers

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Juvenile Justice in Baltimore

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Criminal justice and prostitution

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Community Policing and Problem Solving for a Police Department

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Restorative Justice Models

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