Share
Explore BrainMass

Probation & Parole

Probation

Probation refers to the correctional method under which convicted offenders are supervised in the community instead of imprisonment, or after a period of imprisonment has been served.¹ The theory of probation comes from a long-standing tradition in Anglo-American courts to suspend judgement in certain cases and provide a second chance for first offenders. Probation is an option for sentencing when the offender has committed certain categories of crimes.¹ Probation services take the responsibility of preparing presentence reports, which focus on the accused's background. Reports, depending on the crime and the background of the offender, may suggest the offender make restitution to the victim, or perform some type of community service.¹

Probation "refers to adult offenders whom courts place on supervision in the community through a probation agency, generally in lieu of incarceration."²

Parole

Parole, understood as a process of conditional release, is derived from the French term parole d'honneur, meaning "word of honour."¹ The purpose of conditional release is to contribute to the maintenance of a just, peaceful, and safe society.¹ It manages timing and conditions of release of prisoners in a way that will best facilitate their rehabilitation and reintegration into the community as law-abiding citizens.¹ There are two criteria to consider for granting parole, which include the assessment of whether the prisoner will present an undue risk to society while on parole by re-offender, and whether the release of the prisoner will contribute to the protection of society by facilitating their reintegration into the community as a law-abiding citizen.

Parole "refers to criminal offenders who are conditionally released from prison to serve the remaining portion of their sentence in the community."²

 

 

References:

1. The Canadian Encyclopedia. Probation and Parole. Retrieved May 7, 2014, from http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/probation-and-parole/

2. Bureau of Justice Statistics. What is the difference between probation and parole? Retrieved May 7, 2014, from http://www.bjs.gov/index.cfm?ty=qa&iid=324

Organizational Change in a Police Organization

As the police chief evaluate the demands placed on a organization. Need to reevaluate the goals and structure. So consider the philosophy, methodology, and functioning within a department. 1. Describe the first two changes will you make. How will these changes impact a organization overall? How will these changes impact the s

Rights of prisoners

I need notes to compile a 3-4pg paper on the following: The constitutional rights of prisoners may be held in abeyance during the time they are on probation or parole. They do not have the opportunity to interact with others who are also on probation and parole. The inmate, although on probation or parole, is still under the car

Professionalizing prison work

Your textbook names five main problems and issues that affect the efforts to professionalize prison work. Name and explain four of these five problems. What can you suggest to improve these conditions? 250 words please.