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# Employment

### Intermediate Macroeconomics

1. The following data give real GDP, Y, capital, K, and labor, N, for the U.S. economy in various years. Year Y K N 1960 2377 2606 65.8 1970 3578 3850 78.7 1980 4901 5569 99.3 1990 6708 7419 118.8 2000 9191 9849 135.2 Units and sources are the same as in Table 3.1. Assume that the production function is Y = A*(K^0.3

### Labor Economics

Here is problems: 1. Use the marginal productivity theory of labor demand to predict the impact on the firm's employment level of the following events. Explain why the change in employment occurs and show it in a graph. a) A decrease in the wage rate. b) An increase in the demand for the firm's product c) A lower tarif

### Macroeconomic Multiple Choice Questions

1) For an economy at full employment, an increase in the quantity of money will lead to which of the following sequence of shifts in aggregate demand and supply curves A) Decrease aggregate demand, increase short -run aggregate supply constant long-run aggregate supply (B) Decrease aggregate demand, decrease short -run aggregat

### Marginal Physical Product of Labor

Various levels of output for employment: a. Calculate the MPPL schedule b. Calculate the marginal physical product of labor (MPPL) and marginal cost of labor (MRCL) with a fixed wage of \$5 per hour. c. Assuming capital is constant, with 3 machines and MPPK/MRCK = 30, what is the least cost input combo of labor and capital?

### Various questions regarding induced and autonomous expenditures, scarcity, and the law of supply

#1 The US is one of the wealthiest nations on earth, yet our fundamental economic problem is scarcity. How can this be? Also, what are the broadest and narrowest measures of money and how are they used? #2 Contrast and discuss capitalism's and socialism's solutions to the three economic problems (what, how & for whom to

### PPT Presentation on Census Reports

1. There are two separate reports for the USA. File contains reports generated from the AMA (American Marketing Association) website. This file contains four reports: General Summary, Census Trend 1980 to 2000 Summary, Occupation and Employment Summary, and Income Summary based on the entire U.S. Attached as excel spreadshe

### Using reports

Company CW is coming out with a new snack food. The Regional Manager is interested in some American Marketing Association reports on demographics. The files contain the following reports: General Summary, Census Trend 12980 to 2000 Sugary, Occupation and Employment Summary and Income Summary. In these demographics reports th

### Microeconomic Questions (Not including #2 and #5)

8. (Opportunity Cost and Economic Rent) Define economic rent. In the graph below, assume that the market demand curve for labor is initially D1. a. What are the equilibrium wage rate and level of employment? What is the amount of economic rent? b. Next assume that the price of a substitute resource increases, othe

### Economics Questions

1. Briefly explain the reasons why the following transactions would or would not be included in GNP. a. The members of the Legislative assembly vote for an immediate decrease in their salaries. b. A sports card dealer sells Bobby Orr rookie card for \$500. c. You sell your old refrigerator to another person. d. An earthqu

### Analyzing learning curves, cost and production function, and incremental costs.

These problems deal with analyzing learning curves, cost and production function, and incremental costs. See attached file for full problem description. 8.1 Cost and Production Functions. The total product curve shown here describes a production system in which X is the only variable input. Answer the following question

### Macroecomics Questions

1. (4 marks) Explain the impact of an increase in the government expenditure on the economy (1) under conditions of classical aggregate supply and (2) under conditions of Keynesian aggregate supply. 2. (3 marks) In a closed economy, the consumption function is : C = 1.15 + .75 ( Y - T). The tax function is: T = 0.1Y +

### Employment Economics and Minimum Wage

In 1996 Congress raised the minimum wage from \$4.25 to \$5.15 per hour. Some people suggested that a government subsidy could help employers finance the higher wage. This exercise examines the economics of a minimum wage and wage subsidies IN A MAKE-BELIEVE COUNTRY. Suppose the supply of low skilled labor is given by LABOR SU

### equilibrium wage rate and level of employment

Assume a firm is a monopsonist that can hire its first worker for \$6 but must increase the wage rate by \$3 to attract each successive worker. Draw the firm's labor supply and marginal resource cost curves and explain their relationships to one another. On the same graph, plot the labor demand data of question 2 in Chapter 14. Wh

### Who has the responsibility to reduce or eliminate unemployment?

Who has the responsibility to reduce or eliminate unemployment? What is the role of business? What is the role of government?

### I need help ASAP

Determine whether each of the following, other things held constant, would lead to an increase, a decrease, or no change in long-run aggregate supply: a. An improvement in technology b. A permanent decrease in the size of the capital stock c. An increase in the actual price level d. An increase in the expected price le

Techland and Clothworld are two countries with the same number of workers. In Techland each worker can produce 4 units of technology OR 4 units of clothing. Each resident in Techland currently consumes 2 units of technology and 2 units of clothing. In Clothworld each worker can produce 3 units of technology OR 12 units of clo

### Discuss How Exchange Rates are Determined

Discuss how exchange rates are determined using supply and demand. Give some examples. Minimum of 50 words. What is the current exchange rate of the U.S. to Japan, Canada, Germany, and Mexico currencies? What is the date and source of your exchange rates?

### Differences in unemployment rates between the United States and Western European countries

Throughout the 1990s, Western Europe experienced high rates of unemployment, while in the United States, the rate of unemployment remained far below the natural rate. Use the insights of the classical and Keynesian views of wages and unemployment to explain the differences in unemployment rates between the United States and West

### Two sources of inflation, and how a decrease in aggregate demand results in a lower level of employment, given a fixed aggregate supply. How investment spending leads to a rise in consumer spending. The distinction between long and short run supply curves.

Explain why a decrease in aggregate demand results in a lower level of employment, given a fixed aggregate supply. Distinguish between two sources of inflation. Explain why steady inflation is likely to be less harmful to an economy than a situation which inflation rates vary alot. "A rise in planned investment spending in

### Supply/demand analysis, pollution permits, labor force participation, and US trade deficit questions

5: The Bureau of Labor Statistics reported that in December 2002, the total labor force was 142,542,000 of a possible 214,967,000 working-age adults. The total number of unemployed people was 8,590,000. From this information, explain how to calculate the following and calculate the rates for December 2002: 5a: Labor force pa

### Policies for combating recession

You are the adviser to a Benevolent Social Planner. GDP is falling and the economy is in a recession. Recommend a policy and why you chose it (explain the benefits and any potential criticisms of your choice). You may assume what ever policies are already in place (but you must state what these policies are). A good answer w

### Microeconomic discussion questions

1. If there were no tax benefits and behavior is governed by rational self interest, would people give to charitable institutions? use economic principles to explain. 2. What good is economic theory if it cannot predict an individual's behavior? give examples of the use of economic theory. 3. In a response to an increase i

### Economics term paper

Research and define the terms below and summarize how each relates to health care. I have the definitions but i am unsure how they relate to health care. Students should research the definitions of the following economic terms: economics, supply, demand, macroeconomics, microeconomics, elasticity, inelasticity, and gross nat

### Foundations of Microeconomics

You have been asked to give a speech at a meeting at your local Chamber of Commerce. The questions you have been asked to explain during your speech are listed here: What are the main differences between microeconomics and macroeconomics? Provide an example of a microeconomic and macroeconomic phenomenon. Would you give an

### The debates of monetary and fiscal policies and business cycles

How can federal government spending crowd out private sector investment and consumption? Does the exent of crowding out depend on whether or not government spending is financed by taxes, selling Treasury securities to the public or printing money? Does it make a difference whether or not the economy is at full employment or in a

### Finding the equilibrium

1. C = 500 + 0.75Y, I = 1,000,G = 1,600, X = 300, M = 400. Calculate the equilibrium values of C and S. Is there any evidence of "crowding out"? Explain. According to Okun's Law, what is the current unemployment rate, if the natural rate of unemployment = 7% and full-employment GDP = 12,766? SHOW ALL WORK CLEARLY

### AS , AD , ILO

QUESTIONS: 1) Explain and show graphically how each of the following changes would affect the shape of the AD curve: . 1) Taxes are reduced 2) Nominal money supply increases 3) The Government uses an expansionary fiscal policy 4) Entrepreneurs become more bullish 5) Foreigners develop

### Common Currency

Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of a common currency(the Euro for example).

### Problem Set

1. Suppose that the economy is currently in a recession. If policy-makers take no action, how will the economy evolve over time? Explain in words and using an aggregate-demand/ aggregate-supply diagram. 2. Suppose that the economy is undergoing a recession because of a fall in aggregate demand. 3. a. Using an aggregate

### The AD/AS Model in the Long Run

This is a power-point presentation that demonstrates the AGGREGATE DEMAND AGGREGATE SUPPLY OR AD/AS MODEL IN THE LONG RUN as outlined in Mankiw's intermediate macroeconomics text. The slides build the model up one step at a time and provide an introduction to business cycles in the macroeconomy.