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Inorganic Chemistry

Ion and Atom Sizes

For each of the following statements, provide a detailed explanation: a. The Cl- ion is larger than the Cl atom b. The S2- ion is larger than the O2- ion c. The K+ ion is larger than the Ca2+ ion

Decomposition of Molecules

Automotive air bags inflate when sodium azide(NaN3) decomposes explosively to its constituent elements according to the equation: 2NaN3(s) ---------> 2Na(s) + 3N2 How many moles of N2 are prodeuce by the decomposition of 2.50 moles of NaN3 and how many grams of NaN3 are required to form 6.00 g of N2 gas?

Pauling's Electronegativity Scale: Percent Covalent Nature

How do you estimate the percentage covalent nature of different compounds using the Pauling's Electronegativity Scale? Using Pauling's Electronegativity Scale, estimate the percent covalent nature of the following compounds: i) MgO ii) Al2O3 iii) SiO2 iv) Si3N4 v) SiC.

Arranging metal activity series based on reations

1. Four metals are tested: A,B,C,D. If A is more active than C and C is more active than B, is it necessary to test A and B? Explain your answer. 2. You observe that when copper is added to a solution containing gold ions, the copper dissolves and the gold precipitates. Similarly, almost all other metals will displace gold fr

Metal activity series based reaction of metal with ions

Consider two metals: M and N. A strip of solid N is placed into 2mL of a 0.10 M M(NO3)2 solution. The solution changes from blue to green and the solid appears tarnished after time. a) What color is M(2+) b) What color is N(2+) C Which species is a better oxidizing agent, M or N? d) Which species is a better reducing agent

VSEPR model to predict the probable shapes

1. Use the VSEPR model to predict the probable shapes of (a) PCl4+, (b) PCl4-, (c) AsCl5. 2. Give balanced chemical equations for each of the following reactions. (a) Oxidation of P4 with excess oxygen, (b) reaction of the product from part (a) with excess water, (c) reaction of the product from part (b) with a solution o

Spontaneous disproportionation of sulfur

E. Balance the equation for the disproportionation of sulfur into sulfide and thiosulfate (symbol in attachment) in base. Determine if the reaction spontaneous. Second question also present in the attachment.

Silanes and Inorganic Chemistry: Example Problems

1. Draw the Lewis structures of diphenylsilanediol and of the tetramer of diphenylsiloxane. Need not attempt to draw resonance structures involving the electrons in the phenyl groups. 2. Describe the geometry and hybridization of the silicon atoms, oxygen atoms, and carbon atoms in diphenylsilanediol and the tetrameric form dip

Advanced inorganic problems

1. Identify the conjugate acids of the bases C5H5N (pyridine), HPO42-, O2-, CH3COOH, [Co(CO)4]-, CN-. 2. Use Pauling's rules to place the following acids in order of increasing acid strength: HNO2, H2SO4, HBrO3, and HClO4 in a nonlevelling solvent. 3. Which member of the following pairs is the stronger acid? Give reasons for t

Concentration through Titration

1. Calculate the concentration of the HCl(aq) solution ( 25mL of .1M unstandardized HCl solution, 2 drops of phenolphthalein indicator used. Titrated with 15.2mL of sodium hydroxide solution) 2. Calculate the concentration of the Na2B4O7 solution two ways a) From the HCl titration of the Na2B4O7 solution ( 10mL of ~0.07M u

Peaks and Fragments with Mass Spectrum

Synthesis and Characterization of Mo2(O2CCH3)4 and K4Mo2Cl8: Compounds that contain Metal-Metal Quadruple bonds.  Procedure Place 2.0g of molybdenum hexacarbonyl and .10g of trimethylamine-N-oxide and a few boiling chips in the three-neck flask. Lightly grease the center neck of the flask and attach the reflux condenser t

Difference between Kc and Kp: Example Problem

The difference between Kc and Kp is confusing to me. Can you show me the difference to me if at 35 degrees C when the vapor pressure of water is 0.0555 atm what is the Kc and the Kp. Thank you H2O(l)= H2O(g)

Completing Reactions and Oxidation State

1. Complete and balance the following reactions. CaO(s) + H2O(l) → Mg(s) + H2O(l) ⎯⎯Δ→ Na(s) + xss O2(g) ⎯⎯Δ→ 2. V. Deduce the oxidation state of the metal centers in the following 3 compounds. SrO2 Li3N K2S2

Solid State Metallic Radius

Using the molecular weight, density and crystal structure from your periodic table determine the metallic radius R of Cesium.

Chemistry: Orbitals and Electron Configurations, deBroglie Wavelengths

The following 5 problems concern electron configuration, the shape of orbitals, and calculation of Bohr wavelengths. Please see the attached file for the fully formatted problems. 1. A hydrogen atom in a certain excited state has its electron in a 5f subshell. The electron drops down to the 3d subshell, releasing a photon in

Electron Configuration

Could you please write the electron configuration for the following substance, using the orbital notation. Bromine(Br)

Electron Questions

1. Explain how the degree of filling of an electron level in an isolated atom of molecule affects whether the resulting solid is an insulator, semi-conductor or metal. 2. Hence or otherwise compare the expected electrical conductivity of solid hydrogen with solid helium.

Valence and Conduction Bands

A material in its normal condition has an effectively full valence band and an empty conduction band. Explain why the material is strongly compressed causing the two bands to overlap and the material changes its behavior to become much like a metal.

Patterns in the Electronic Configurations of the Elements

Describe the patterns in the electronic configurations of the elements. Each row across the periodic table is called a period and the elements gradually change properties from left to right. Can you explain this in terms of the electronic configurations? Each column of the periodic table is called a family. Elements in t

Candy Experiment - Valence Electrons

Lab Experiment: Interactive Valence Shell Electrons 1. You will need a bag of colored candies such as "Skittles" or "M&M" You should have at least 80 pieces of this candy. You will also need eighteen index cards. Nine sheets of notebook paper torn in half will work as well as index cards. 2. Separate the candies by color.

Fresh vs. Saltwater

The question arises concerning the density of saltwater: is it because water molecules have moved out of the system, replaced by sodium and chlorine ions, which are heavier, or have the ions moved into the interstices, creating a greater number of particles in the solution? By the gas laws, a cubic meter of gas always maintain

Chlorine Gas Preparation

Chlorine gas can be prepared in the laboratory by the reaction of manganese dioxide with hydrochloric acid: MnO2(s) + 4HCl(aq) --> MnCl2(aq) + 2H2O(l) + Cl2(g) How much MnO2 should be added to excess HCl to obtain 275mL of chlorine gas at 5.0C and 650 mmHg?

The 18-Electron Rule

Count the number of valence electrons associated with each metal in the list below. Determine if they obey the 18-electron rule. If they violate the 18-electron rule, comment on the stability/reactivity of the complexes. a) [V(CO)6] b) cis-[Rh(Br)(CO)2(PPh3)] c) [Fe2(CO)4(Cp)2] d) [Mn(CO)5(CH3)].

Inorganic Chemistry Problem Set

1. Write a balanced net ionic equation for the reaction of each of the following compounds with water. (a.) Na3PO 4 (b.) NaHSO4 (c.) (CH3)3NHCl 2. The following species are amphiprotic. Write the formulas of the corresponding conjugate acids and bases: (a.) HSe- (b.) PH3 (c.) HPO32- 3. For each of the following nona

Solubility Rules to write net ionic equations

Use the Solubility Rules to write net ionic equations for the reactions that occur when solutions of the following are mixed. Instructions 1. Write reactants and products in the following order: Cation + Anion = Precipitate 2. Use "->" (hyphen + greater than) to indicate 'yields' 3. Write subscripts as numbers with no

Working with a radioactive material

The half life of Cl is 9.5 x 10(exponent 12)s. How many atoms of Cl are present in a sample with an activity of 1.5 x 10(exponent 9) atoms/s a. 2.1 x 10(exponent 22) atoms b. 6.3 x 10(exponent 3) atoms c. 4.9 x 10(exponent negative 23) atoms d. 1.4 x 10(exponent 22) atoms e. 7.0 x 10(exponent 23) atoms