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Gas Laws

Gas Laws describe the behavior of gases through examining the relationships between their physical properties. Despite the wide differences in chemical properties of all gases, they more or less obey the gas laws. For example, although both H2 and O2 are very different gases, with molecular weights of 2 g/mol and 32 g/mol respectively, they will behave similarly to a change in any physical property.

Gas is one of the four fundamental states of matter, found between the liquid and plasma states, where their particles are widely separated and have very weak intermolecular bonds between the atoms. Gases are the only states of matter that can be compressed or even expand to fill a very large space. It is these properties which makes them subject to behave differently with respect to changing physical properties such as pressure, volume, temperature and amount.

The main gas laws include Avogadro’s Law, Boyle’s Law, Charles’ Law, Fick’s Law of Diffusion, Gay-Lussac’s Law and Henry’s Law. All of these examining the relationship between physical properties to help predict the overall behavior of that gas. Thus, understanding the gas laws and when to apply them is crucial to help predict how a gas will react to varying conditions.

Categories within Gas Laws

Avogadro’s Law

Postings: 2

Avogadro’s Law describes the relationship between the volume of gas and the amount of gas present.

Boyle’s Law

Postings: 7

Boyle’s Law describes the relationship between the change in pressure and volume of a gas.

Charles’ Law

Postings: 3

Charles’ Law describes the relationship between the change in volume and the temperature of a gas.

Fick’s Law of Diffusion

Postings: 2

Fick’s Law of Diffusion relates diffusion flux to the diffusion coefficient, change in concentration and change in position.

Henry’s Law

Postings: 7

Henry’s Law describes the relationship of the solubility of a gas in a liquid and the partial pressure of that gas when it is in equilibrium with the liquid.

Heat Of Formation & Gas Laws

Please solve and show all calculations. 1. An ideal gas at 300K and 2.00 atm pressure in a 400 cm^3 container has its pressure increased to 5.00 atm and its volume increased to 6000 cm^3. What is the final temperature? 2. The vapor pressure of water at 23 degrees celcius is 21.07 torr. Find the vapor pressure at 23 degre

Gas Laws Experiment

Hi, Based on your Chemistry knowledge, please estimate the temperatures, plug them on the data table on the last page and answers the other questions. Thank you for the help! Gas Laws Under ordinary conditions of pressure and temperature, matter exists in either the solid liquid or gaseous state. In a solid, the pa

Molar Volume of an Ideal Gas

Add 0.25g of zinc to the Erlenmeyer flask and close the flask with an air-tight stopper. Take a thermometer and pressure gauge and record the initial temperature and pressure.(my answer: 21C, 1 atm). Add 10 mL of 6M HCl solution to the flask. Record all of the indications that the reaction has occurred (my answer: temperature

Decomposition of NaHCO3

At 125°C, Kp = 0.25 for the following reaction. 2 NaHCO3(s)<---> Na2CO3(s) + CO2(g) + H2O(g) A 1.00 L flask containing 11.1 g NaHCO3 is evacuated and heated to 125°C. (a) Calculate the partial pressures of CO2 and H2O after equilibrium is established. PCO2 atm PH2O atm (b) Calculate the masses of NaHCO3 a

application of ideal gas law

Convert the following pressure into atmospheres. 781 torr 781 mm Hg A 1.04-L sample of gas at 759 mm Hg pressure is expanded until its volume is 2.24 L. What will be the pressure in the expnaded gas sample at a constant temperature. At conditions of constant temperature and pressure, the volume of a sample of ideal gas i

General Chemistry

(Problem 1) A person accidentally swallows a drop of liquid oxygen, O2(l), which has a density of 1.149 g/mL. Assuming the drop has a volume of 0.050 mL, what volume of gas will be produced in the person's stomach at body temperature (37 C) and a pressure of 1.0 atm? (Problem 2 ) The density of N2O at 1.53 atm and 45.2 degree

Volume of a Balloon

Weather balloon is filled with 4.0 liters of helium at 27 degree C and 1.0atm. What volume does the balloon have when it has risen to a point in the atmosphere where the pressure is 200 Torr and the temperature is minus -45 degree C?

The Apparent Molecular Weight of Air

1. Record your data table of temperature vs. volume here. 2. Construct a graph by hand or using a spreadsheet program, plotting the values of temperature on the x-axis and air volume on the y-axis. Initial temp. 21 Deg C, Vol. 100mL Ice -3 Deg C, Vol. 91.84mL Water 100 deg. C, Vol. 126.87mL Gas Piston Removed: Temp. Deg

Chemistry Questions

1. Chlorine gas occupies a volume of 1.20 liters at 725 torr pressure. What volume will it occupy at 1 atm pressure? 2. Fluorine gas exerts a pressure of 975 torr. When the pressure is changed to 1.50 atm, its volume is 250 mL. What was the original volume? 3. Helium occupies a volume of 3.80 Liters at -45 &#61616;C. Wh

Gas Laws

1. A diver at a depth of 100 ft (pressure approximately 3 atm) exhales a small bubble of air with a volume equal to 100 mL. What will be the volume of the bubble (assume the same amount of air) at the surface? 2. What would the volume of gas contained in an expandable 1.0 L cylinder at 15 MPa (1MPa = 10^6 Pa) be at 1 atm (assum

Final gas pressure

A sample of ammonia gas with a volume of 7.0 mL at a pressure of 1.68 atm is compressed to a final volume of 2.7 mL at constant temperature. Use the ideal gas law to calculate the final pressure. a. 100 atm b. 2.2 atm c. 1 atm d. 4.4 atm

Gas and Stoichiometry with Avogadro and Dalton's

Please show all work. 1.)(Ideal Gas Law) How many moles of chlorine atoms are there in a container that holds 1.529 kg of XCl5 gas (where X = unknown element) at 600.5°C at a pressure of 1213 torr? The density of the gas is 4.63 g/L. 2.) (Ideal Gas Law) A chemist carries out a reaction and isolates a gaseous product.

Nitrogen gas pressure problem

A nitrogen container has 100.0 liters of gas at a pressure of 3200 psi ruptures in a room at 28° C and 0.92 atm pressure. What volume will the nitrogen gas occupy in the room after the bottle empties? Please show all steps. 2 A typical vacuum system can obtain a pressure of 1.0 x 10-8 (-8 power) torr. Calculate the numbe

Calculation using gas law

Given 20g potassium chlorate, how many cubic decimeters of oxygen would be produced at STP 2 KCLO3----> 2 KCL(cr) + 3O2(g)

Volume and Pressure

1. What is the volume of a quantity of a gas at 172 Celcius, if its volume is 262 mL at -25 Celsius and the pressure remains constant. 2. What is the pressure, in inches of mercury, of a gas that originally had a volume of 252 mL, under a pressure of 0.834 atmosphere and a temperature of 45 Celsius if the volume is reduced to

Pressure and Volume using Boyle's Law

A sample of nitrogen has a volume of 50 L at a pressure of 760. mmHg. What is the volume of the gas at each of the following pressures if there is no temperature change. A. 1500 mmHg (I have solves the problem for A!) B. 2.0 atm. C. .500 atm According to my text book, the answers for P3 and P4, are 25 L and 100.

Equilibrium and Reactions

Question 1 At 100oC, the equilibrium constant, KC, for the reaction COCl2(g) ?---? CO(g) + Cl2(g) has a value of 2.19 x 10-10. Is the following mixture at equilibrium? If not, indicate the direction in which the reaction must proceed to achieve equilibrium. [COCl2] = 5.00 x 10-2 M, [CO] = [Cl2] = 3.31 x 10-6 M Question 2

Hydrogen Gas Problem Using the Ideal Gas Law

Consider a vehicle powered by hydrogen gas. a. About 3.1 kg of H2 is required for a vehicle to have a 500 km range. Assume ideal gas behavior and a storage tank of 60 L (a comparable size to conventional gasoline vehicles). What tank pressure atm might one expect at 25 degrees celsius? b. Since their discovery in 1991, tin

Partial Pressure of Products and Reactants

A 10.0 L tank contains nitrogen gas and chlorine gas at partial pressure of 1.00 atm each, at a temperature of 300K. The mixture is allowed to react, producing nitrogen trichloride. Calculate the partial pressures of the products and reactants.

Your Next Breath Contains a Molecule from Caesar's Last Breath

Take a deep breath of air and assume it is one liter of air. What is the probability that the liter of air contains a molecule from Julius Caesar's last breath (also assume a liter of air)? Assume that the nitrogen that existed in the atmosphere ~ 2000 years ago is that which is currently present and that the liter of air has

Osmotic Pressure

How would you prepare 1.0 L of an aqueous solution of sodium chloride having an osmotic pressure of 25 atm at 17°C?

Reaction Between Hydrogen Selenide and Tin

See attachment. The composition of hydrogen selenide (H2Se) can be determined by heating tin (Sn) in a measured volume of the gas. The hydrogen selenide is decomposed, producing solid tin selenide (SnSe) and hydrogen gas. If the temperature and pressure are unchanged, the gas volume when the decomposition is over is the same

Vapor pressure and temperature

The vapor pressure of water at 22 degrees C is 19.800 torr. If you put 26.662 g of water in a cubic container that is 1.1000 m on an edge, will there be any liquid water remaining in the container at 22 degrees C or will it all be vapor? R = 0.0820578 L*atm/K*mol.

Gas equations

Ozone molecules in the stratosphere absorb much of the harmful radiation from the sun. the temp. and the pressure of ozone in the stratosphere are 250 K and 1.0*10^-3 atm. How many ozone molecules are present in 1.0 L of air under these conditions?