Foreign policy is a set of policies that refer how the state will act and react to the international environment. These policies are made to be of maximum benefit to the nation's own self interests. Foreign policies include considerations such as military relations, trade relations, dealing with non-state actors, global climate change, and any other global issues that involve interaction with other nations. One of the most important parts of the US foreign policy is its trade policy and in 2013 the focus of this is primarily on US-China trade relations. The Obama administration has actively tried to create strong relations with China because China is both the US's largest trading partner and the largest holder of US debt. Furthermore, the US is a part of many different free trade agreements with its various trading partners. These include the countries of Israel, Canada, Mexico, Australia, Jordan, Chile, Singapore, Bahrain, Morocco, Oman, Peru, Panama, Columbia and South Korea.
Another incredibly important part of the US foreign policy is its defense policy and how it runs its military, especially with regard to the international context. Since the occurrence of 9-11 in 2001, the US has changed the direction of its foreign policy from a reactionary state to a proactive state. An example of this is the start of the Iraq war in 2003 in order to subdue the potential weapons of mass destruction that were suspected to have been in production in Iraq. The defense budget for the United States is approximately $711 billion. Included in this budget, is also military aid. The US sends foreign aid to countries such as Iraq, Afghanistan, Israel, Egypt, etc. One of the most important parts of the US defense policy is its missile defense program. One of the most notable policies for this field is Reagan's Strategic Defense Initiative. Nowadays, the US is focused on setting up anti-missile shields in areas such as Poland and the Czech Republic as preventive measures for Russia.© BrainMass Inc. brainmass.com January 20, 2019, 12:06 pm ad1c9bdddf