Intelligence gathering and the use of intelligence has changed dramatically since the end of the Cold War. Describe the current structure of the Intelligence Community (IC), and explain how information sharing is supported.
In addition, describe several of the most common types of intelligence gathering, and discuss their place in the intelligence development process.
Finally, reflecting on current threats and projecting into the future, propose a design for the structure of the intelligence community in the year 2020; provide an overview of the rational for your design.© BrainMass Inc. brainmass.com October 25, 2018, 8:37 am ad1c9bdddf
I hope you are doing okay, pacing yourself in this exam. Now, in this particular task, you are being asked to describe how intelligence is managed shared in the US. I suggest this simple outline:
1. Intelligence Structure - 200 words
2. Types of Intelligence - 200 words
3. Intelligence Community Structure for 2020 - 200 words
As you can see, this is a test of your knowledge of the system but also one that requires you to propose a theory of intelligence gathering, but you must detail and defend it. Don't worry, as long as you are answering within the context, you will be fine. This should get you started. All the best!
AE 105878/Xenia Jones
US Intelligence Structure
The US government is a bureaucracy. It is a massive structure wherein the task of intelligence, especially in the topic of homeland security and law enforcement, is vital. But since intelligence must be shared appropriately in within the bounds of time in the assessment of threat guided by due process, bureaucratic systems often result in a slowing 'trickle' of information sharing which can be detrimental. After 9-11, the US government under then Pres. GW Bush has come to recognize the need for a reform in intelligence sharing, one that undercuts the bureaucracy but ensures the protection of vital information. According to White, 9-11 has affected a change in American perspectives on War particularly on offensive & defensive strategies as violent international radicalized terrorism & domestic terrorism became hard realities for today's American nation. The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) came into being in March 2002 via a Presidential directive. The DHS however is just among the many security and intelligence agencies within the government. The truth is, there are 16 vital intelligence organizations in the US organized under the banner of the 'US Intelligence Community'. Called the IC, the federation, through executive order 12333 are tasked, broadly, to perform the following - "Collection, analysis, and production of sensitive information to support national security leaders, including policymakers, military commanders, and Members of Congress. Safeguarding these processes and this information through counterintelligence activities. Execution of covert operations approved by the President. The IC strives to provide valuable insight on ...
The solution provides information, assistance and advise in tackling the task (see above) on the topic of the structure of the current Intelligence Community (IC, US) as well as how information is shared between member agencies. Types of intelligence gathering is also discussed as well as a likely structure for the community based on current threats. Resources are listed for further exploration of the topic. The solution has been written for a graduate student currently serving in the US military.
Emergency Management Commission Reports
The 9/11 Commission Report concluded that the failure of the intelligence community (IC) to share information between agencies and levels of government lead to significant gaps in situational awareness. The terrorists exploited those gaps to plan and execute their attacks. Over the years since 9/11, in an effort to improve the nation's ability to share information and intelligence, more than 70 fusion centers have been created at the local, regional, and state levels. These efforts have not been without considerable cost and concerns, such as privacy. The recession of 2008-09 and lack of major terrorist attacks on U.S. soil since 9/11 resulted in local and state leaders having to rethink their ability to provide ongoing investments in these centers. Your local leadership has requested your assistance in assessing the situation.
Your assignment is to write a strategy memo of 850-1,100 words that addresses the major research questions listed below. You should utilize the course materials, Web resources, and the course articles provided as well as conduct your own research, including interviews if possible. Your final document should include an overview of the fusion center nearest to your place of residence. If you are unable to research your local fusion center, you should explore the information-sharing environment between agencies at your local level (again, local is defined at your discretion).
Your conclusion should outline your recommendations for your fusion center based upon the resources provided, your research, and the answers to the questions below.
•Address the following in 850-1,100 words: ◦What local jurisdiction did you choose for this assignment?
◦Does your local jurisdiction have or participate in a regional (e.g., major urban area or state-level) fusion center? If so, in what way? If not, what platforms (e.g., meetings, conference calls, or software/hardware solutions) are utilized by local HS practitioners to achieve information and intelligence sharing?
◦What is the mission scope of your local fusion center (e.g., terrorism, all crimes, or all hazards)? How does the fusion center achieve that mission scope? How did it select their scope?
◦Operationally, who is the lead agency for the fusion center? What other agencies provide direct support (e.g., funding and full- and part-time staff)? What disciplines are present? Is it operational (staffed) at all times?
◦What are the funding sources for the fusion center?
◦How are non-law enforcement agencies provided with information and intelligence?
◦What types of products are produced, and to whom are they distributed?
◦How are information and intelligence entered into the fusion center? How does the public enter information? How is the public made aware of its ability to report suspicious activity?
◦Is the private sector engaged in any of the fusion center activities?
◦What is the role of the fusion center during the response phase of an incident? What role would the fusion center play in support of a jurisdiction's response operations following a terrorist attack and during a natural disaster?
◦Are the investments made by the communities involved in supporting and managing the fusion center justified by your community's risk/threat profile?
◦Should the sustainment of the fusion center be a priority for local elected officials? If your community does not have its own fusion center but participates in or supports a regional or state fusion center, does it need its own?
•Be sure to reference all sources using APA style.
•Compile your answers to the above questions into a final Word document and submit it to your instructor.