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Nuclear Particles

A nuclear particle is a unit of matter smaller than an atom. There are two types of subatomic particles: elementary particles and composite particles. Elementary particles are not made up of other particles whereas composite particles are. Nuclear physics is the study of how these particles interact.

In the standard model, the elementary particles include, six favors of quarks, up, down, bottom, top, strange and charm, six types of leptons, electrons, electron neutrino, muon, muon neutrino, tau and tau neutrino, twelve gauge bosons, the photon of electromagnetism, the three W and Z bosons of the weak force, and the eight gluons of the strong force, and the Higgs boson. There are various extensions of the standard model that predicts the existence of other elementary particles.

Composite particles, such as protons or atomic nuclei, are bound states of two or more elementary particles. They include all hadrons, a group composed of baryons and mesons. An example of a composite particle is a proton. A proton is made up of two up quarks and one down quark.

Categories within Nuclear Particles

Isotopes

Postings: 37

An isotope is a variant to a chemical element.

Nuclear Forces

Postings: 12

Nuclear forces are the force between two or more nucleons.

De Broglie wavelength associated with a particle having kinetic

Prove that the De Broglie wavelength associated with a particle having kinetic energy K which is not negligible compared to its rest energy m_0 c^2 is given by lemda = [h/(m_0 K)^(1/2)](1 + K/2m_0 c^2)^(-1/2) The complete solution is in the attached file.

Number of microstates for a system for Bosons and Fermions

Please explain to me how to solve the following two questions.(Explanations wills be highly appreciated) Cheers 1. Count the number of physically different microstates for a system of n indistinguishable fermions, where each particle can be in k different non-degenerate eigenstates. 2. Count the number of physically diffe

Coordinates of a Point on T Shaped Structure

Hi. I don't need a complete solution to the attached problem; I need to understand just one step. To solve the problem, I need the coordinates of the mass at time t. My professor gave me the hint that, if the l-rod makes an angle wt with the x-axis, then the coordinates of the mass are: x = l*cos(wt) - r*sin(wt), and y = l

Gravitation: Force Between Two Co-Linear Rods

Find the gravitational force of attraction between the two objects below. The red rod on the left has a mass mr and a length lr and the blue rod on the right has a mass mb and a length lb. The two ends of the rods nearest each other are separated by a distance d. Treat each rod as if they were a 1-dimensional collection of po

Obtain the Hamiltonian equations of motion.

A particle of mass m moves under the influence of gravity along the helix Z = K* (theta), r = constant where K is constant and Z is vertical. Obtain the Hamiltonian equations of motion.

Spectroscopic States

List the spectroscopic states (energy levels in the usual notation (2S+1)^L, that can arise from: one particle with S=1/2,L=3 one particle with S=2,L=1 two particles with s1=1/2,s2=1,L=4 two particles with s1=1,s2=1, L=3 two particles with s1=1/2,s2=1/2,L=2 Which of the two particles are excluded if the p