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Vector Calculus

Vector Spaces

How to prove or counter with example the following statements: (1) If two subspaces are orthogonal, then they are independent. (2) If two subspaces are independent, then they are orthogonal. I know that a vector v element of V is orthogonal to a subspace W element V if v is orthogonal to every w element W. Two subspaces W1

Proof of Vertex, Extreme Point, Basic Feasible Solution

Can you please let me know how to approach those proof questions. Consider the polyhedron P = {x  Rn : xi > 0 for all i = 1 ... n}. a)Prove that the origin (i.e. the vector of all 0's) is a vertex of P, according to the definition of a vertex (i.e. do not rely on the fact that vertex = extreme point = basic feasibl


Using the given vectors how do I find the specified dot product u=3i-8j;v=4i+9j find u.v

Vector Field, Gradients, Div, Divergence, Curl and Surface Integrals

4) A vector field F is shown. Use the interpretation of divergence derived in this section to determine whether div F is positive or negative at P1 and P2 a.) Are the points P1 and P2 so sources or sinks vector field F shown in the figure? Give an explanation based solely on the picture. 5)Use the divergence Theorem to c

Potential and Electric Field Vector of Two Concentric Charged Cylinders

B. A region is surrounded by two infinitely long concentric cylinders of radii, a1 and a2 (a2>a1). The concentric cylinders are charged to potentials phi1 and phi2 respectively. Determine the potential and electric field vector everywhere in the region. Please see the attached file for the fully formatted problem.

Vector Calculus : Flux and Gauss's Law

(a) Consider a vector function with the properly ... = 0 everywhere on two closed surfaces S1 und S2 and in the volume V enclosed by them (see the figure). Show that the flux ol F through S1, equals the flux of F through S2. In calculating the fluxes, choose the direction of the normals as indicated by the arrows in the figure.

Velocity/position vectors

Given that the acceleration vector is a(t) = (-9cos(-3t)) i + (-9sin(-3t)) j + (-2t) k , the initial velocity is v(0) = i + k , and the initial position vector is r(0) = i+j+k , compute: A. The velocity vector B. The position vector

Gradients : Elliptic Paraboloid and Vector Fields

Please see the attached file for the fully formatted problems. Suppose that a mountain has the shape of an elliptic paraboloid , where a and c are constants, x and y are the east-west and north-south map coordinates and z is the altitude above the sea level (x,y,z are measured all in metres). At the point (1,1), in what direc

Angle and Force Must the Second Tractor be Doing

1) A river 35 m wide flows south at a speed if 15 m/s. What must be the velocity and heading of the boat if it is to move directly from the west bank to the east bank in 5 seconds? 2) Two tractors are hooked to a combine. the combine needs to be pulled due east at 400 N. One tractor is pulling at 190 N, 32degrees S of

Vectors: Resultant Force

Three horses exert forces on a hitching pole. What is the resultant force on the pole, if horse A exerts a force of 350 N at an angle of 48 degrees N of East, horse B exerts a force of 560 N at an angle of 37 degrees N of West, and horse C exerts a force of 200 N at an angle of 87 degrees N of East?

What is the resultant force?

A force of 25 N acts perpendicular to another force of 22 N. If the forces act together on the same object, what is the resultant force?

Vector: Force Magnitudes

A person pushes with a force directed along the lawn mower handle, which makes an angle of 52 degrees with the ground. What must be the magnitude of the person's force in order to produce a horizontal force of 35 lbs?

Determining Resultant Force: Example Problem

A rope is wrapped around a pole so that a force of 75 lbs acts on one end and a force of 53 lbs acts on the other end. If the angle between the two forces is 114 degrees what is the resultant force? What angle does the resultant force make with the 53 lbs force?

Trees: Vertex; Cycle

Let G be a graph in which every vertex has degree 2. Is G necessarily a cycle? *Please see attachment for additional information. Thanks. Use words to describe solution process. Use math symbol editor like LateX, please no stuff like <=.

Vector Space Subsets and Subspaces

Let [a,b] be an interval in {see attachment}. Recall that the set of functions {see attachment} is a vector space over {see attachment} with addition (f+g)(x):=f(x)+g(x) and scalar multiplication a) choose [a,b]=[0,1]. Decide for each of the following subsets if it is a subspace. Justify your answer by giving a proof or a c

Vector projection and follow-up

The diagram attached shows a rectangular solid, two of whose vertices are A=(0,0,0) and G=(4,6,3). a) Find vector projections of AG onto the following vectors: AB, [0,1,0], [-1,0,0] and [0,0,1]. b) Find the point on AC that is closest to the midpoint of GH (The diagram is on page 21 and it is problem 6) (As you can see


Please see attachment. Require problems solving, also explanations etc for better understanding of vectors. VECTOR PROBLEMS (1) Let l be the line with equation v = a + t u. Show that the shortest distance from the origin to l can be written | a × u |

Moorean 3-Space

Please see the attached file for full problem description. 1. Demonstrate (check the properties) that the following function is an inner product in R^3. (Call R^3 with this inner product Moorean 3-space). Let u=(u_1,u_2,u_3) and v=(v_1,v_2,v_3). Then <u, v> = uAv^T, where A=[ 2 0 0 ]

Vector Spaces : Rank

Please see the attached file for the full problem description. 1. Find the rank of A= [1 0 2 0] [ 4 0 3 0] [ 5 0 -1 0] [ 2 -3 1 1] . Show work. Help:

Vectors : Planes, Points, Cross Product and Dot Product

(1) a. Find the (vector) equation of the plane passing through the points (1,2,-2), (-1,1,-9), (2,-2,-12). b. Find the (vector) equation of the plane containing (1,2,-1) and perpendicular to (3,-1,2). (2) Suppose a, b, c are non zero vectors. a. Explain why (a x b) x (a x c)

Linear Alegbra : Vectors

Find equations for the indictated geometrical objects The line through the point P=(1,1,1) and perpendicualar to the plane 4x-2y+6z=3

Linear Alegbra : Vector Space

Let V= (x,y) in R2{y=3x+1} with addition and multiplication by a scalar defined on V by: (x,y)+ (x',y')= (x+x',y+y'-1) k(x,y)=(kx,k(y-1)+1) Given that with these definitions, V satisfies vector space axioms 1,2,3,6,8,9,and 10 determine whether or not V is a vector space by checking to see if axioms 4,5,7,are also satisfied.

Vector space and basis

Consider the following elements of the vector space P3 of all polynomials of degree less than or equal to 3. p(x)= x-1, q(x)=x+x2, r(x)= 1+x2-x3 Do these three polynomials form a basis for P3?