Some physical conditions and issues are very common during the first couple of weeks after birth. Many are normal, and the infant's caregivers can deal with them if they occur. It’s mostly a matter of the caregivers learning about what is normal for their infant and what needs medical attention. Some common aspects of newborn health include:
Bowel movements: Infants' bowel movements go through many changes in color and consistency, even within the first few days of life. It’s important to keep track of the colour, consistency and frequency.
Care of the umbilicus: After delivery, the umbilical cord is cut. The remaining part of the cord dries and falls off in about 10 days, forming the belly button (navel). Parent should keep the area clean, dry and exposed to air.
Colic: Can cause infants to cry uncontrollably and excessively.
Spitting up: Spitting up is common for newborns and is usually not a sign of a more serious problem. After feeding, parents should try to keep the infant calm and in an upright position for a little while.
Teething: Although newborns usually have no visible teeth, baby teeth begin to appear about 6 months after birth. As their teeth break through the gums, some infants become sleepless, fussy and irritable. They may lose their appetite; or drool more than usual.