Explore BrainMass
Share

The Time Value of Money

taxesLeasing, taxes, and the time value of money) The lessor can claim the tax deductions associated with asset ownership and realize the leased asset's residual value. In return, the lessor must pay tax on the rental income. a. Explain why a financial lease represents a secured loan in which the lender's entire debt service stream is taxable as ordinary income to the lessor/lender. b. In view of this tax cost, what tax condition must hold in order for a financial lease trans- action to generate positive net-present-value tax benefits for both the lessor and lessee? c. Suppose the lease payments in Table 21-2 must be made in advance, not arrears. (Assume that the timing of the lease payment tax deductions/obligations changes accordingly but the timing of the depreciation tax deductions does not change). Show that the net advantage to leasing for NACCO must decrease as a result. Explain why this reduction occurs. d. Show that if NACCO is nontaxable, the net advantage to leasing is negative and greater in absolute value than the net advantage of the lease to the lessor. e. Either find a lease rate that will give the financial lease a positive net advantage for both lessor and lessee, or show that no such lease rate exists. f. Explain what your answer to part e implies about the tax costs and tax benefits of the financial lease when lease payments are made in advance.

Leasing, taxes, and the time value of money) The lessor can claim the tax deductions associated with asset ownership and realize the leased asset's residual value. In return, the lessor must pay tax on the rental income. a. Explain why a financial lease represents a secured loan in which the lender's entire debt service stream

The Grow Corporation Cash Budget and TVM problems

The Grow Corporation's projected sales for the first eight months of 2011 are as follows: January $ 90,000 February 120,000 March 135,000 April 240,000 May $360,000 June 300,000 July 280,000 August 150,000 Of Grow's sales, 10 percent is for cash, another 60 percent is collected in the month following sale, and 30 p

Effects of time value of money concepts used in accounting

What does the time value of money mean? Why is this concept important in accounting? Under what circumstances would we use the time value of money calculations? When might we use present value calculations? When might we use future value calculations? Which is more likely to be used in accounting? Why? What effect do inter

Foreign Investment Decisions for the Acme Company using TVM

The Acme Company has its European subsidiary based in the Euro zone. The subsidiary must solve a series of five problems that require you to apply the concept of "time value of money," or TVM. The five problems are listed below. Solving them will require the use of Microsoft Excel. Before you begin your work, each student is to

TVM Questions

What is the time value of money (TVM)? Why is this concept important in accounting? Under what circumstances might we use TVM calculations? When might we use present value calculations? When might we use future value calculations? Which is more likely to be used in accounting? Why? What effect do interest rates have on the

Finance and accounting: Practice exam questions

1. You receive a windfall of $10,000. Your debt from student loans is $17,720. If you invest the entire amount today at 10% interest, how long will it take to accumulate enough to cover your debt for student loans? 8 years 7 years 6 years not enough information to determine 2. The three fact

Time Value of Money Calculations for Raytheon Bonds

Suppose Raytheon is selling a bond that will pay you $2000 in one year from today. Keep in mind that if Raytheon has financial difficulties in one year you might not get your full $2000 back. Given that a dollar one year from now is always worth less than a dollar today, you most certainly would not pay a full $2000 for this bon

Time value of money

1. Complete the tables and answer the questions. Just type the answers into the essay box so far for example: a. Table Factor X, future value $x Present Value Rate Compounding Frequency a. $5,000 12% Annual b. $5,000

The answer to Present value and future value

Kade Gulliver turned 20 years old today. His grandfather established a trust fund that will pay Mr. Gulliver $60,000 on his next birthday. However,l Mr. Guliver needs money today to start his college education. His father is willing to help and has agreed to give Mr. Gulliver the present value of the future cash inflow, assu

Examine the history and evolution of the Internet and the World Wide Web.

Examine the history and evolution of the Internet and the World Wide Web. Reflect on where these technologies started. Identify and explain the roles of ARPANET, NSF, and IETF. Then, describe the evolution of the WWW. Discuss the future trends predicted for the Internet and explain the movement towards Internet 2.

This posting addresses the time value of money.

Time value of money You are to choose between receiving $909 today of $1000 in 12 months' time, assuming interest rate of 10 percent and rounding off the dollar, should you be indifferent between the two options? Why of why not? What does this tell you about the relationship between $1 today and $1 tomorrow?

Operating Losses

Company A has experienced a great year of sales growth and profitability. However, due to the economy downturn, the CEO forecasts that the company will incur operating losses in 2 of its major businesses next year. He proposed that the company record a provision for these future losses this year, since it can afford to take the

Importance of TVM concepts: Calculate future value, present value problems

1) Why the concept of present value is so important for corporate finance and is often the very first topic taught in any finance class. 2) Calculate the future value of the following: a. $15,000 if invested for five years at a 7% interest rate b. $19,500 if invested for three years at a 4% interest rate c. $29,900 if inv

Finance: Solving for the unknown using TVM calculations

Solving for variable other than present value or future value. 35. You are saving money for retirement. To live comfortably, you decide you will need to save $2 million by the time you are 65. Today is your 30th birthday, and you decide, starting today and continuing on every birthday up to and including your 65th birthday, t

Finance Problems

1. Starlight, Inc. must choose between two asset purchases. The annual rate of return and related probabilities given below summarize the firm's analysis. Asset A Asset B Rate of Return Probability Rate of Return Probability 8% 40% 7% 30% 1

Time value of money in decision making

Please help with the following problem. I need help in explaining why the time value of money is important in making economic decisions. Keeping to the basic of using to the two most common tools of Net Present Value and Pay period used in business to incorporate into the time value of money into operational decision making

Scenario #1 Restaurant/Bar: Lou and Jose plan to open a sports bar and restaurant where customers socialize and watch sporting events on large-screen TVs that hang around the bar. They do not have much money, but they do have Miriam, a wealthy investor who does not have time to participate in the business, but wants to provide capital to start the business in return for a percentage ownership.

The business entity that represents the best choice for each business Taking control Taxation Take liability issues into consideration. Identify laws and regulations each business must consider in starting the business Identify risks against which each business must protect itself Identify and discuss the employment laws

Determining Normal and Standard Time

See attached file. The results of a time study to perform a quality control test are shown in the following table (see attached). On the basis of these observations, determine the normal and standard time for the test, assuming a 23% allowance factor. a) What is the normal time? b) What is the standard time?

How Long to Double or Quadruple Initial Deposit

Please explain step-by-step how to solve this problem. P4-3 Future value tables. Use the future value interest factors in Appendix Table A-1 in each of the cases shown in the table on the facing page to estimate, to the nearest year, how long it would take an initial deposit, assuming no withdrawals, a. To double. b. To q

Time Value of Money for Savings Accounts

Could someone please help me with this problem? Sarah Jones has $10,000 that she can deposit in any of three savings accounts for a 3-year period. Bank A compounds interest on an annual basis, bank B compounds interest twice each year, and bank C compounds interest each quarter. All three banks have a started annual interest

TVM concepts

1. Calculate the present value of $90,000 to be received 14 years from now if the decision makers opportunity cost 10 percent. 2. Find the present value at 9 percent of each of the following five cash inflow streams. Assume that cash inflows occur at the end of the year. Year A

Present Value of Future Bank Accounts and Gold Mine Income

A. Suppose your bank account will be worth $15,000.00 in one year. The interest rate (discount rate) that the bank pays is 7%. What is the present value of your bank account today? What would the present value of the account be if the discount rate is only 4%? B. Suppose you have two bank accounts, one called Account A and

Capital Investment Decisions for Magnificent Modems, Inc.

Magnificent Modems, Inc. (MMI), has several capital investment opportunities. The term, expected annual cash inflows, and the cost of each opportunity are outlined in the following table. MMI has established the desired rate of return of 16 percent for these investment opportunities. Opportunity A B

Opportunity Costs, Cost of Capital, Interest Compounding Periods

A. Read the statements below and write your comments to it, need to support your writing (references). 1. Opportunity cost of finance - The cost of capital is an opportunity cost of finance, because it is the minimum return which an investor requires. 2. The cost of capital has two aspects to it - The cost of funds that a

Finance Questions: Time Value of Money

Application # 28 You're trying to save up for a long and expensive vacation. You want to take a trip to Europe when you graduate in three years. Considering how much more expensive is the Euro (?) to the U.S. Dollar ($), and if you can earn 15% on your investments, how much would you have to deposit in order to have $30,000 whe