The most popular way for international expansion is for a local firm to acquire foreign companies. One of the most benefits for international expansion is global distribution capability that helps expanding the market share. In the meantime, domestic trade is far less risky than International trade. In International trade, th
International airlines always receive a large portion of their revenues from a variety of different currencies due to their international reach and global range of customers. Furthermore, their risk may depend on political/economic developments in other countries. Furthermore airlines need to purchase oil at world market price
Should Interest Rate Parity Prevent MNCs from Investing in Foreign Currencies? Point Yes. Currencies with high interest rates have large forward discounts according to interest rate parity. To the extent that the forward rate is a reasonable forecast of the future spot rate, investing in a foreign country is not feasible.
According to the international Fisher effect, if U.S. investors expect a 5% rate of domestic inflation over one year, and a 2% rate of inflation in Japan, and require a 3% real return on investments over one year, the nominal interest rate on one-year U.S. Treasury securities would be: A. 2% B. 3% C. -2% D. 5
Mary Joe has a credit line of $1,000,000 (or equivalent in major currencies) for arbitrage. She had access to the following rates, and she managed to generate CIA profits. Replicate her arbitrage and calculate her profits based on the following rates: Assumptions Value SFr. Equivalent Arbitrage funds available $1,000,000 S
Please help with the following problem regarding international finance. Provide step by step calculations in the solution. On August 1st 2009, the USD/SAR exchange rate was SAR9.20 per USD. On August 1st 2010 (1 year later), the USD/SAR rate moved up to USD/SAR9.80. During this period, one year nominal risk free interest rat
Chase Econometrics has just published projected inflation rates for the United States and Euro-zone for the next five years. U.S. inflation is expected to be 2% per year, and Euro-zone inflation is expected to be 3.5% per year. If the current exchange rate is EUR/USD 1.4500, what should the expected PPP implied EUR/USD exchange
The following interest rate and exchange rates are listed in London: RUS: 4.6%-5.00% REUR: 3.00%-3.4% Spot Rate: EUR/USD 1.2280-1.2295 Forward Rate (1 Year) : EUR/USD 1.2390-1.2410 Assume that you have 10,000,000 EUR or USD 12,280,000 credit line to execute arbitrage. Can you generate covered interest arbitrage profits?
Assume that one year offshore USD and EURO interest rates in London are 4.6%-5.00% and 3.00%-3.4% respectively. A German investor has access to the following spot rates: EUR/USD 1.2280-1.2295 The German investor with EUR 10,000,000 decides to take advantage of dollar interest rates. He/She converts Euros into USD and depo
Suppose that the current spot exchange rate is USD/SKR6.25 and the three-month forward exchange rate is USD/SKR6.28. The three-month interest rate is 5.6% per annum in the U.S. and 8.8% per annum in Sweden. Assume that you can borrow up US to $1,000,000 or SKR 6,250,000. Can you generate arbitrage profits? Show your profits both
What are some of the major political risks associated with investing in a foreign country? How does the threat of global terrorism effect foreign investment and the foreign-exchange market in the world today? In your opinion, what might be done to promote investment in unstable or potentially dangerous areas of the world?
The new manufacturing facility destined for Chile, for which you deduced an appropriate "discount rate" earlier, has not yet been financed. Management has decided that Chile will indeed be the location of the new facility in spite of the concerns expressed by some on your team. Should your company finance this project via the ca
In Period 1, the predicted value of the Mexican peso was $0.13 and the realized value was $0.14. In period 2, the predicted value was $0.14 and the realized value was $0.12. In period 3, the predicted value was $0.13 and the realized value was $0.15. Calculate the mean absolute forecast error as a percentage of the realized valu
Question: At the end of the year, a U.S. company has expected cash flows of ¥1,000,000 from Japanese operations, CHF200,000 from Swiss operations, and €350,000 euros from German operations. At the end of the year, the yen value is expected to be. $.011; the Swiss franc value is expected to be $1.08, and the euro value is expe
- The bid rate of an Australian dollar is $1.055 and the ask rate is $1.065 at Bank 1. The bid rate of the Australian dollar is $1.04 and the ask rate is $1.05 at Bank Y. Calculate your gain if you use $1,000,000 and execute locational arbitrage. Show how you derived your answer. - The spot rate of the British pound is $1.61.
Summarize an article (or series of articles) regarding the country risk engaged by an MNC during the past five years. What key concepts from the assigned reading apply? Examples: 1. Company and political risk 2. Inc. and political risk 3. [MNC] and political risk 4. [MNC] and country risk 5. Exposure to political risk 6
Please See File The "discount rate" is a key factor to consider when comparing potential projects or investments by the MNC. Assume you are the task manager in charge of assessing the location of a new manufacturing facility to be located in Chile. Your accountants have "crunched the numbers" across a 30 year horizon, but you
Please see file: How Can Persistently Weak Currencies Be Stabilized? Currency derivatives, as part of hedging strategies, are an important and complex component of modern currency markets. Many argue that the modern system exhibits efficiency and that the derivative markets merely communicate clear price signals so that ma
Sydney Corporation, an Australian-based multinational, borrowed 10,000,000 euros from a German lender at the beginning of the calendar year when the exchange rate was EUR.60 = AUD1. Before repaying this one-year loan, Sydney Corporation learns that the Australian dollar had depreciated to EUR.55 = AUD1. It also discovers that it
How do you explain the continued existence of counter trade? Under what scenarios might its popularity increase still further by the year 2015? Under what scenarios might its popularity decline?
China is on track to become the world's largest economy in coming years. Research the implications of this development and draft a document addressing the following: What would be the impact of China's economy on: The world trading system The world monetary system Western-based global corporations How might the concep
Please kindly help on the below questions: The case explores how Latvia's economic fortunes have changed since 2004. At the time, the country was enjoying an economic boom, but critics worried that the economy was becoming overheated. By 2008, financial institutions were in trouble, and at least one major company was natio
Read the article and answer the questions below: Campello, Murillo, et al. "Liquidity management and corporate investment during a financial crisis." Review of Financial Studies 24.6 (2011): 1944-1979. 1. Explain the purpose of the article and the research method used (2-3 paragraphs) 2. Provide an overview and analysis of
Risks and Opportunities in the International Investments As we noted, overseas investment, even after some recent chills, remains a hot prospect in the financial community. Investor demand for ways to invest in strongly growing developing markets such as China, Japan, India, and Thailand has led to the creation of several new f
Conduct an analysis of a recent article and provide their evaluation and outcome expectations in a written paper of 1500-2500 words that discusses: - A minimum of three general economic principles related to the article - Identification of three to five macroeconomic indices - Definition and explanation of the indices e.g.,
1) Draw a scratch-work Balance Sheet for a company with Assets = 100, and describe the leverage of a company where you decide how much leverage the company has. (For example, 90% borrowing, 10% equity---you choose the leverage.) If your company makes three (dollars) on the assets of 100 ($3 on $100, etc.); and has to pay out
Examine the article "New frontiers in international strategy for marketing, production, and finance factors. Describe how the three factors should be incorporated into the situation within the article. Ricart, J.E., Enright, M.J., Ghemawat, P., Hart, S.L. & Khanna, T. (2004). New frontiers in international strategy. Journal o
Question: The US dollar is the world's reserve currency. China, Russia, and other smaller countries are increasingly voicing a desire for a new currency to replace the US dollar as the world reserve. Why? How would a change in reserve currency impact foreign countries and impact the US?
Hi, I need some assistance discussing global currency. I am not too sure how to answer these questions. Global Currency: A. Pros and cons of a global currency. B. Why a global currency might or might not be a viable exchange rate arrangement.
Use Apple's financial statements to respond to the following questions. 1) Compute the DuPont framework ratios for the years ended 09/26/09 and 09/25/10. Use averages where appropriate. ROE: Profit Margin: Asset Turnover: Financial Leverage: Comment on Apple's's performance for the year ended 09/25/10. H