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# Accounting

### Why would companies choose to raise money with bonds vs. notes?

Bonds are kind of a "big company" tool for borrowing. It takes a lot of time to prepare a bond issuance and there are a lot more costs compared to borrowing with notes. Most often the rate is set far in advance of when the bonds are actually issued. I worked on a \$125 million bond issue and it took about 4 months to prepare the

### Arizona Company: accounts receivable balance, allowance account, bad debt expense

Arizona Company reported accounts receivable of \$21,200,000 at the end of its 2009 fiscal year. This amount was net of an allowance for doubtful accounts of \$1,456,000. During 2010, Georgia sold \$72,300,400 of merchandise on credit. It collected \$48,520,555 from customers. Accounts valued at \$2,125,000 were written off as un

### Vermont Clock Works Job-Order Costing

Vermont Clock Works manufactures fine, handcrafted clocks. The firm uses a job-order costing system, and manufacturing overhead is applied on the basis of direct-labor hours. Estimated manufacturing overhead for the year is \$260,000. The firm employs 10 master clockmakers, who constitute the direct labor force. Each of these emp

### Pritchard Company: selling price per unit

Pritchard Company manufactures a product that has a variable cost of \$30 per unit. Fixed costs total \$1,500,000, allocated on the basis of the number of units produced. Selling price is computer by adding a 20% markup to full cost. How much should the selling price be per unit for 300,000 units? \$49 \$

### Identify dependent variables (DVs) and independent variables (IVs).

For our purposes, the main distinction is between dependent variables (DVs) and independent variables (IVs). A DV, sometimes called a criterion, is the variable that we're trying to either predict or control. Some typical DVs in business settings are: * Market position * Profit * Job Satisfaction (Jobsat) * Intention to q

### Constant growth stock

The last dividend paid by ABC Company was \$2.00. ABC's growth rate is expected to be a constant 4 percent. ABC's required rate of return on equity (ks) is 9 percent. What is the current price of ABC common stock?

### Overall change in cash: which items are included in financing, and investing activities

1. Overall change in cash Net loss 15,000 Accounts Receivable 6,000 increase inventory 3,000 increase equipment 11,000 decrease accumulated dep 4,000 increase accounts payable 9,000 increase notes payable 4,000 increase common stock 10,000 increase 2. Which of the following is included when calculating cash from

### Compute cost per unit: absorption and variable costing

Units produced \$100,000.00 Units sold \$95,000.00 Fixed manufacturing overhead \$300,000.00 Direct materials per unit \$55.00 Direct labor per unit \$25.00 Variable manufacturing overhead per unit \$15.00 A. Compute the cost per unit using abso

### Northville Paper: Calculate amount of deposits in transit and outstanding checks

Northville Paper and Paint deposits all receipts and makes all payments by check. The following information is available from the cash records: Month of May Results Per Bank Per Books Balance May 31 \$27,995 \$24,355 May depo

### Robert's Medical Equipment: Annual Operating Income at 2 Product Prices

Robert's Medical Equipment Company manufactures hospital beds. Its most popular model, Deluxe, sells for \$5,000. It has variable costs totaling \$2,800 and fixed costs of \$1,000 per unit, based on an average production run of 5,000 units. It normally has four production runs a year, with \$400,000 in setup costs each time. Plant c

### Estimated Total Carrying Cost and Setup Cost for Flag Displays

Liberty Celebrations, Inc., manufactures a line of flags. The annual demand for its flag display is estimated to be 100,000 units. The annual cost of carrying one unit in inventory is \$1.60, and the cost to initiate a production run is \$30. There are no flag displays on hand but Liberty had scheduled 60 equal production runs of

### Computing Accounting Calculations for HD Inc.

33. HD Inc. produced a variety of products for the computing industry. CD burners are among its most popular products. The company's controller, Kate Jergens, spoke to the company's president at a meeting last week and told her that the company was doing well, but that the financial picture depended on how product costs and net

### Compute Break Even Conventional and Break Even ABC

Happy Daze Game Co. produces a wildly popular board game called Stump Me! The company is known for both its progressive and interesting board games and its willingness to embrace nontraditional business techniques. Recently, the company's controller, Renee McKim, suggested to the president that she accumulate data based on an ac

### Gigi LeBlanc: Calculating Sales Price & Break Even

Gigi LeBlanc founded a company to produce a special bicycle suspension system several years ago after her son, who worked for a bicycle delivery service, was hurt in a riding accident. The market's response has been overwhelmingly favorable to the company's new suspension system. Riders report feeling that they experience fewer

### Qualitative Impact of Change to JIT on Overhead Costs

Pritchett Enterprises manufactures hiking and outdoor equipment. The company's plan in western Colorado has recently seen dramatic changes in manufacturing process. Management is concerned that the current cost system no longer captures the impact of the diversity of activities involved in its production processes. As a result,

### HITEC Manufacturers: Overhead Rate for Each Cost Driver

49. The HITEC Company manufactures multimedia equipment designed to be sold to universities. The company's southeastern plant has undergone production changes that have resulted in decreased usage of direct labor and increased usage of automated processes. As a result, management no longer believes that its overhead allocation m

### Surfs Up: Calculate overhead rate, allocation, cost per unit, ABC

Spreadsheet please 45. Surfs Up manufactures surfboards. The company produces two models: the small board and the big board. Data regarding two boards are as follows: Products Direct Labor Hours per Units Annual Production Total Direct Labor Hours Big 1.5 10,000 boards 15,000 Small 1.0

Thiel Boots Sales \$1,000,000 Cost of goods sold direct materials 300,000 direct labor 160,000 est.overhead 240,000 700,000 Gross profit 300,000 Selling and adm expenses 175,000 Net income \$125,000 Expected to sell 10,000 pairs of boot est. of production

### Calculate incremental net income; investment in new receivables

Show all of your work. Q3. The Tanner Corporation is a highly successful marketer of raw leather to producers of various lines of leather products. The company is considering expanding by selling to makers or custom leather automobile seats. Tanner's marketing VP Estimates that this market can add \$700,000 in new sales.

### Could problems at Enron have been uncovered earlier?

1. Many analysts place more importance on the income statement than they do on the statement of cash flows. Do you think the problems at companies such as Enron would have been uncovered earlier if more emphasis was placed on the statement of cash flows? Why or why not?

### Forensic Accounting for TenKey Book Company: Possible fraud, internal control issues

See attached file.

### prepare schedules for five accounting problems

Company A is a wholesale company that purchases items from manufacturers and sells them to retail establishments. On December 31, 2010 Company A had the following in ending inventory: Product Code Quantity Cost Each Current Replacement Cost Each YZ 1,970 \$58 \$63 CT 3,280 38 36 FA 1,640 51 57 GG 660 109 125 IR 1,3

### When must a taxpayer pay AMT? What is AMT?

When is a taxpayer required to pay the AMT? What are the differences between the AMT and regular tax? What are the differences between tax preferences and adjustments concerning the AMT? What are some examples of each?

### Book and tax depreciation

Book vs. Tax (MACRS) Depreciation Elwood Inc. purchased computer equipment on March 1, 2010, for \$36,000. The computer equipment has a useful life of 10 years and a salvage value of \$3,000. For tax purposes, the MACRS class life is 5 years. a) Assuming that the company uses the straight-line method for book and tax purpo

### Change in cash due to financing activities ..

You are an accountant at evergreen, inc., and your boss has asked you to prepare the company's statement of cash flows for an upcoming shareholders' meeting. He gave you the company's 2009 comparative balance sheet (see attachment) Calculate the Change in cash due to financing activities =\$ **** Note the change in retained

### Identify the following costs as fixed or variable.

Identify the following costs as fixed or variable. Costs related top plane trips between San Diego, California, and Orlando, Florida, follow. Pilots are paid on a per trip basis. a. Pilots' salaries relative to the number of trips flown. b. Depreciation relative to the number of planes in service. Cost of refreshment re

### Calculating common stock price

A share of common stock has just paid a dividend of \$2. If the expected long-run growth rate for this stock is 5%, and if investors required rate of return is 10.5%, what is the stock price? a. \$35.39 b. \$38.80 c. \$37.23 d. \$38.18 e. \$39.14

### Characteristic(s) line, regression lines and more...

4. Which of the following statements is correct? a. The characteristics line is the regression line that results from plotting the returns on a particular stock versus the returns on a stock from a different industry. b. The distance of the plot points from the characteristics line is a measure of the sto

### If your expected rate of return is 16 percent, how much should you be willing to pay for this stock today?

3. Assume that you plan to buy a share of XYZ stock today and to hold it for 2 years. Your expectations are that you will not receive a dividend at the end of Year 1, but you will receive a dividend of \$9.25 at the end of Year 2. In addition, you expect to sell the stock for \$150 at the end of Year 2. Question: If your expec

### Calculating Cash Net Income: ABC Corp. Example

ABC Corp began operations on Jan 1, 2008. During 2008, the company made sales of \$200,000, of which \$15,000 remained outstanding in accounts receivable at the end of the year. The company incurred and paid \$105,000 of various operating expenses during the year, and also prepaid its \$1,000 Jan 2009 rent in December 2008. Addition