Explore BrainMass

The Scientific Method

The scientific method is a process which is used to test a research question of interest. This process is dependent on a simple question or idea which is inquiring about a specific phenomenon. In the end, the goal with all research is to produce a publication.

Generally, the scientific method follows this basic format:

  1. There needs to be an observation of a specific phenomenon.
  2. A question regarding the phenomenon observed is formulated.
  3. A hypothesis, which is both testable and falsifiable, is prepared. This hypothesis is based off of the combination of a researcher’s general ideas, thoughts and predictions. As well, information is gathered from relevant studies which have been published in the literature.
  4. Test the hypothesis through observations and tests. If the hypothesis is rejected, you can revise your previous hypothesis and predictions, so that you can conduct the experiment again.
  5. Make interpretations and conclusions based off of the data. This will either lead to the support of your hypothesis or disproval.
  6. Publish your research (every scientist’s objective).

The above steps are representative of one model which can be implemented when using the scientific method to test an observable phenomenon. Generally, most research follows this format and includes all of the elements mentioned, such as hypotheses and conclusions. Through the use of the scientific method, questions regarding the natural world can be investigated.


Categories within The Scientific Method

Constructing a Hypothesis

Postings: 5

Constructing a hypothesis is an integral and required step when utilizing the scientific method to test a research query.

Purpose of Laboratory Investigations Hypothesis

In this lab, you will be observing the impact of mineral nitrogen fertilizer usage on maize's crop yield, which is measured in milligrams of dry mass harvested per 100 acres (1 hectare) during a 1-year period. Use the animation to help you come up with an answer to the following: Complete a lab report using the scientific met

The scientific method..

Use the scenario below and address the following: 1. Recognize a question or a problem 2. Develop a hypothesis 3. Design and perform an experiment to test the hypothesis 4. Analyze the data and reach conclusions about the hypothesis You notice that the grass around your house is brown, short, and dead. The grass around your

Scientific Method in Experiments

Now take a look around you at all the living things you see. Ever wonder why a bee is attracted to a particular flower, or what would happen to an apple tree if there were no bees? If you were a scientist you could do an experiment to answer your question. For this assignment, choose two organisms that interact with each oth

Categorize organisms

I need the following using the scientific method that would detail the following for each, viruses in soil, bacteria in soil, fungi in soil and or parasitic worms in soil Should be a Hypothesis, Experimentation and Conclusion for each one. Can be simple. Soil could be from anywhere in the world. Hypothesis - Experimentati

Designing an experiment using the scientific method

I am having a hard time on designing an experiment using the scientific method process on two different types of organisms from two different species. i do not have to carry out the experiment I need to list: An observation, hypothesis and experiment (with a prediction, variable and control)