Share
Explore BrainMass

Cases

A legal case is a dispute between opposing parties resolved by a court, or by some equivalent legal process. A legal case may be either civil or criminal. There is always a defendant and an accuser. A case is short for a cause of action, a lawsuit, or the right to sue. It also refers to the reported decisions which can be cited as precedents.¹

Famous U.S. Court Cases

O.J. Simpson Murder Trial²

The trial of O.J. Simpson (pictured), former Heisman Trophy Winner and star NFL fullback, began with a televised police chase through Los Angeles on June 17, 1994. Simpson pleaded not guilty to the murders of Nicole Brown, his ex-wife, and Ron Goldman. Evidence pointed significantly in Simpson's direction, as blood was found on his personal belongings, among other sources of evidence. Simpson's criminal case verdict was not guilty, but he was later found liable in a civil case.

Scopes Monkey Trial²

A high school teacher from Tennessee, John Scopes, was tried and found guilty of illegally teaching evolution, which was a banned subject in schools in the 1920s. Scopes served as more of a pawn, as the true purpose of the case was to formally debate the evolution ban in court. The jury found Scopes guilty so that the case could continue to the state Supreme Court, where the constitutional ban could be possibly overturned.

Leo Frank²

A Jewish man, Leo Frank, was accused of murdering a young white women who he worked with, Mary Phagan. The testimony of a black janitor at the factory, James Conley, was important in this case. Conley said Frank had planted notes to body blame a black person for the crime. Although evidence pointed to Frank's innocence, he was convicted to death by hanging. However, his sentence was changed to life imprisonment. An angry mob ended up kidnapping Frank from jail and killed him.

 

 

References:

1. The Free Dictionary. Case n. Retrieved May 12, 2014, from http://legal-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/case

2. How Stuff Works. Top 10 Controversial Court Cases. Retrieved May 12, 2014, from http://people.howstuffworks.com/ten-controversial-court-cases.htm#page=1

Major Sources of Criminal Justice Data

1. Identify and discuss the differences between the two major sources of statistical data about crime in the United States. 2. Of the many special categories of crime, which singular special category crime do you think poses the most critical concern in contemporary American Society? Explain why. 250 word answers for e

Child Pornography Cases

I am having a hard time finding cases involving child pornography, what I'm looking for are 2 separate cases involving child pornography, I need for the paper to definition and explanation the type of case selected, including the law that was violated. I need the facts of each case, the impact / financial loss caused by the cr

Expungement of juvenile records

What are Tennessee's laws concerning the expungement and use of juvenile convictions to sentence them as an adult? Give an overview of expunged records for juveniles, its importance and the reasoning for it being necessary. Outline the article of the National Gang Center Bulletin for November of 2010. Give an overview that

Judicial Independence

According to the American Judicature Society (AJS), judicial independence is the idea that judges should operate independently of outside influences and be able to render a fair and impartial decision Peter Rose, a California bee keeper, was unemployed at the time he was convicted of sexually assaulting a 13-year-old girl. Hi

Authority and Federalism

Is federalism the answer, or should the federal government have control over the state law enforcement operations? Consider the Arizona lawsuit against the federal government regarding the law enforcement activities surrounding people in this country illegally. Provide evidence to support your opinion.

Case Brief

Please help me write a brief for the following cases: Illinois v. Wardlow (2000) Rochin v California (1952 Wong Sun v United States (1973 Illinois v. Gates (1983) See attached: How to write a brief.

Briefs on Supreme Court Cases

The following cases; 1.Engle v. Vitale (1962) 2. Maryland v. Shatzer (2010) 3. Powell v. Alabama (1932) 4. Employment Division v. Smith (1990)

Katz versus United States Brief federal case

What the Brief Should Contain in Each Section Facts: The first paragraph includes the basic facts of what occurred. Jo Bob was stopped by Big Bad Patrol man and Patrol man smelled marijuana. Big Bad Patrol Man searched Jo Bob's car and found 6 kilos of heroin. Jo Bob was convicted. The second paragraph includes the pro

Protecting Citizens Against Abuses of Government Power

Analyze the following information, comments, and questions: In U.S. v. Dickerson (2000), the U.S. Supreme Court held that Miranda was required by the Constitution and was not a court-made rule that could be overruled by Congress. The Fourth Circuit held otherwise. Which institution—the U.S. Supreme Court or the U.S. Congr

Studebaker v. Nettitie's Flower Garden Inc.

Brief Summary of case (One paragraph) Case Questions: 1. Did Nettie's control or have the right to control Ferry at the time of the collision? 2. Is not the fact that Ferry, just prior to the accident, had gone to a pawn shop compelling evidence that he was using his van exclusively for his independent purposes and was no

Contract Law: Partnerships

Suppose that the district court found that there was a partnership between the two parties in Farrell v. Whiteman. Assume further that the partnership broke up in July 2004, and the remaining partner, Whiteman, hired someone else to complete the work. Would the Idaho supreme courts decision be different? In what way? Would Farre

Rodgers v. Lorenz - 25 A.3d 1229 Pa.Super. (2011)

Answer the 5 questions regarding: Rodgers v. Lorenz - 25 A.3d 1229 Pa.Super. (2011). I cannot attach the case as a pdf file because it is too large, but the case is widely available online. Please answer each question thoroughly in plain language. 1. Explain the Pennsylvania Superior Court's ruling. Does it reinstate t

Searches and Seizures' Affects on the Fourth Amendment - Terry vs. Ohio

In Terry v Ohio (1962),the U.S. Supreme Court, for the first time, approved a search and seizure based on less than probable cause. Read the majority opinion. In 2-3 pages, answer the following questions or respond to the following statements: Are you satisfied with the majority's dismissal of the arguments against allowing the

Criminal Law - Burglary / Arson

Amanda was at home and turned on the TV to watch the eleven o'clock news. She heard someone on her porch. Thinking it was her fiancé, she opened the front door. On her porch was a strange man who demanded she let him in the house. When she refused, he pulled out a gun. Amanda, fearful of her life, let him in. Once inside, he se