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Fiscal Policy

Fiscal policy includes all policies that involve either government spending or taxation in order to affect the economy - typically trying to improve GDP. The government can either engage in expansionary fiscal policy characterized by increased government spending and/or tax reductions or contractionary fiscal policy characterized by decreased government spending and/or tax increases. This branch of economics focuses on the relationship between the government and the economy, and how the government’s decisions affect different members of the economy.

Both expansionary and contractionary policies have there benefits and costs within the macro economy. Expansionary policy will typically help increase the output of the economy, but increase government debt. On the other hand, contractionary fiscal policy will decrease government debt, but may come at the cost of the economy's output. The extent of the effect of fiscal policies is debated and is not always clear. The neoclassical perspective views fiscal policy as ineffectual in the long run whereas the keynsian view finds fiscal policy as often necessary to stimulate the economy and drive it out of a recession. Keynsian economics often uses the multiplier effect as a reason that effective fiscal policy can indeed provide long run effects on the economy. 

Zakat and Fiscal System

Does Zakat have any role to play in the fiscal system of Muslim countries or should it be free from government interference?

Policy Options For The Economy

What are the two policy options used to influence the economy? In the current economy, we observe the following. Inflation rate 9.20 Interest rate 10.60 Growth in Real GDP -0.51 Unemployment Rate 6.80 a. Determine the monetary policy action and its consequences b. Determine the fiscal policy actions and i

Setting Fiscal policy

Using what you have learned in this unit, choose a FISCAL policy that you would recommend to help an economy that is in a recession. You should not choose a monetary policy (i.e. interest rate manipulation, selling of bonds, or printing of money). Explain how your policy would help increase aggregate demand. That is, does it

Expansionary Fiscal Policy: AD and AS Curves

During a recession the government usually increases government spending and/or decreases taxes (expansionary fiscal policy). Bush lowered taxes in the 2001 recession and his tax cuts continue. Obama has increased government spending through his stimulus packages. What effect should these expansionary policies have on the AD and

Contractionary Fiscal Policy

Answer the following questions in your response: What is a contractionary fiscal policy? When would an economy ever pursue a contractionary fiscal policy? Can you find any examples for when this policy was used in our economy and why? Use outside references to support your points.

Economics: Keynesian Solutions

1. What is the Keynesian solution to a recession or depression? How does the Keynesian multiplier work? 2. We are slowly coming out of a recession now. What kind of policies were/are proposed to help get us out of this recession? Do these sound like Keynesian polices or Classical ones? Why?

Terminology: Fiscal Cliff and Obama Care

Give two terms that you have heard in the mass media, political arena, or in any other venue. Provide an explanation of why these two terms were designed to convey a certain point of view and discuss the effect they have on the reader. I chose the terms "Fiscal Cliff" and "Obama Care."

Recession and Fiscal Policies

1. How is a recession defined? Is the U.S. currently in a recession? Explain. 2. Assume you are an advisor to President Obama. What fiscal policies would you put in place?

Fiscal Policy and the Economic Downturn

I am looking to find the parties responsible for crafting reparation policies for the current U.S. Economic crisis. How have these people changed monetary policy, fiscal policy and laws that govern businesses since the collapse of the economy.

the short-run and long-run impact of the Federal fiscal policy

What has been, and what will be, the short-run and long-run impact of the Federal fiscal policy that has been followed in the past few years? To answer this question, you need to look back at the last 10 years of fiscal policy, and pick one (ONLY 1) policy - I repeat, only 1! Initial responses with more than one policy will

State rejection of federal assistance to uphold beliefs

There is no Constitutional requirement that individual states must accept monies offered by the federal government to support needs affecting their citizens. However, given the challenging budgetary and fiscal realities that most states face today, the acceptance of federal aid is something that is a given, and is rarely turned

Macroeconomic Policy Lessons from the Financial Crisis

Read the article "Getting Back on Track: Macroeconomic Policy Lessons from the Financial Crisis" (which can be found at and answer the following questions: a. What was the Great Moderation? When did it begin and end? According to Taylor, why did it end? b.

The current macroeconomic status in America is characterized.

What is the "current macroeconomic situation" in the U.S. (e.g. is the U.S. economy currently concerned about unemployment, inflation, recession, etc.)? What fiscal policies and monetary policies would be appropriate at this time? Write your individual answers to the questions listed above together in essay format, using corr

Fiscal policy calculations

1. Suppose the government decides to increase taxes by $30 billion in order to increase Social Security benefits by the same amount. How will this combined tax-transfer policy affect Aggregate Demand (AD) at current prices? 2.If the AD shortfall is $800 billion and the Marginal Propensity to Consume (MPC) is 0.8, (a) How la

Inflation (Sample Questions)

Questions: 1.Explain the various types of inflation and its consequences. Suppose you borrow $1000 from a bank at 5% interest for one year and the inflation rate that year is 10%. Was this loan advantageous to you or to the bank? 2.Explain two limitations of the discretionary fiscal policy. 3.Describe the difference

Does an active fiscal policy help or hinder long run growth in the economy? The textbook presents arguments that can be used to support both sides in this debate. How do they compare? List reasons why an active fiscal policy helps the long run growth of the economy. List reasons why an active fiscal policy hinders the long run growth of the economy. Should the US use fiscal policy to encourage long run growth of the economy? Why?

Does an active fiscal policy help or hinder long run growth in the economy? The textbook presents arguments that can be used to support both sides in this debate. How do they compare? List reasons why an active fiscal policy helps the long run growth of the economy. List reasons why an active fiscal policy hinders the long run g

U.S. Budget, Recession and Fiscal Policies

The Role of Government: The Federal Government and Fiscal Policy The U.S. Government Printing Office Published a "A Citizen's Guide to The Federal Budget." While this is not available for more recent years, it has some useful information about the federal budget. GPO Access: Citizen's Guide to the Federal Budget: Fiscal Ye

Monetary Policy: money, credit, the Federal Reserve, interest

1. Assess the overall financial health of your Walmart? What are good and bad signs, if any, in your assessment? Measures of financial health may include sales and/or profit increases or decreases, if employees are being hired or laid off, major new orders being placed or orders being cancelled. These are some but not all mea

current macroeconomic situation

[1] What is the "current macroeconomic situation" (e.g. worrying about inflation and/or recession) in the U.S.? 2] What should the U.S. Congress and the Federal Reserve do about it? 1. Write your individual answers to both questions 2. Your answers must include expansionary fiscal policy tools, FOMC, easy money policy too

Fiscal Policy: Government spending, taxes, budget processes

I need assistance getting started with the following case study reference Budget outlook. For this Case, please read "The Budget Outlook" section of the CBO's The Budget and Economic Outlook: Fiscal Years 2009 to 2019, dated January 2009, at The specific infor

stanley surrey insight

"Stanley S. Surrey of Harvard University Law School in an article titled "Treasury Department Regulatory Material under the Tax Code" writes - ....Tax legislation is a dynamic process. As the history of the income tax demonstrates, the tax has been continually altered, often from year to year, to meet changing conditions. Since

Aggregate Demand, Multiplier Effect, and Fiscal Policy

1. Describe the factors that cause the aggregate demand (AD) curve to shift and the factors that cause the short run aggregate supply (SAS) curve to shift. Explain how each factor described above works in shifting the AD and SAS curves. 2. Explain the difference between expansionary and contractionary fiscal policy and descri

Statement of Cash Flows

You are provided with the following transactions that took place during a recent fiscal year. Transaction Where Reported on Statement Cash Inflow, Outflow, or No Effect? (a) Recorded depreciation expense on the plant assets. (b) Recorded and paid interest expense. (c) Recorded cash proceeds from a sale of