Explore BrainMass

Explore BrainMass

    Pervasive Developmental Disorders

    A pervative development disorder (PDD) will usually make itself known in a child around the age of 3, manifesting in any combination of social complications, troubles understand and using language (including stuttering or muteness), communication issues, lack of adaptive capabilities to routine changes and difficulties in imagination, often seen through unusual play habits (NINDS). There are four main, named types of pervasive development disorder:

    • Autism - the child has pronounced difficulty relating in social and play situations and is resistant to change. Many cases of autism include an intellectual disability or low muscle tone and/or seizures. The child is usually fascinated by a small range of activities and may be frustrated when encouraged to perform non-related tasks.
    • Asperger's Syndrome - Much llike autism in terms of the social and communication difficulties and highly focused interests, but the child with Aspergers develops normally in terms of language and cognition and often exhibits an above-average level of intelligence in these areas. May have unusual speech patterns and dislike change.
    • Child disintegrative disorder - the child develops normally until some age between 2 and 10 whereupon they suddenly begin to regress, losing their grip on language, social and motor skills and sometimes bladder control etc. as well. This condition is quite rare and its classification remains under debate.
    • Rett's Syndrome - Almost exclusively ocuring in girls as a result of an X chromosome abnormality, this child with Rett's loses their physical skills and may cease to walk or use their hands dexteriously.Co-ordination abilities fail but there is no affect on the cognitive side of development.

    A faulty 1998 study linking vaccinations to autism caused an uproar among parents that prevented many children from receiving the benefits of innoculation1

    Other PDDs are classified as 'not otherwise speficied' and are often called, loosely, 'milder forms of autism' - the child has some difficulty in social, linguistic or motor development but is "too social to be considered autistic" (Hircsh).




    1. Brinks, S. (2013, July 16). One thing we know about autism: Vaccines aren't to blame. Retrieved from http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2013/07/130716-autism-vaccines-mccarthy-view-medicine-science/

    Hircsh, D. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.webmd.com/brain/autism/development-disorder

    NINDS. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/pdd/pdd.htm

    © BrainMass Inc. brainmass.com February 28, 2020, 6:49 am ad1c9bdddf

    Comparison of Autism Spectrum Disorders

    Many people do not know that Autism is actually just one disorder on an entire spectrum of disorders that fall under the category of Autism Spectrum Disorders. The names of each disorder on the spectrum as well as a comparison of them is listed in the answer. The comparison includes such information as onset, social deficits

    Brain Research for Autism/ADHD

    How has brain developement research in teaching and learning addressed the following as it relates to Autism/ADHD: - teaching and learning strategies - human development - cognitive processes

    This problem addresses autism in relation to genetics and reproduction. Using the given case study, demonstrate how you would advise a friend who is concerned about her future offspring after her daughter has been diagnosed with autism. Please describe how you would advise her in relation to preventive care, genetic testing, and reproductive options.

    Your friend Alice tells you that her daughter Lauren has been recently diagnosed with autism. Alice would like more details and comes to you for information. Alice expresses guilt that she may have caused Lauren's disorder, and is also concerned that it might occur again in future offspring. What would you advise her in terms

    Diagnosis of Asperger's syndrome is portrayed.

    -Describe the impact and effects of psychopathology on family functioning; how would a diagnosis of asperger's on one family member affect the functioning of the couple or family as a whole? -Identify the main symptoms a therapist might observe in a child with this Axis I diagnosis of asperger's syndrome; this would include dir

    CheckPoint: Autism and Mental Retardation

    1. List the primary features of autism. 2. Which explanation for autism lacks research support and is no longer considered valid? 3. What forms of treatment are helpful for a person with autism? 4. List the criteria for a diagnosis of mental retardation. 5. Explain one way in which sociocultural biases in testing