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State Governments and Administration

State governments in the United States have almost identical structural models as the federal system, with three branches of government: [1] executive, [2] legislative, and [3] judicial. State governments are integral to the country’s workings because the Tenth Amendment to the United States Constitution accords all governmental powers not granted to the federal government's reserved for the states.¹ State governments in a federal country share sovereignty with the federal governments.

The legislative branch of states are comprised of state legislatures. 49 out of the 50 states, with the exception of Nebraska have a bicameral legislature. The upper house is the Senate and the lower house is the House of Representatives.¹ The head of the executive branch of every state is an elected Governor. Most executives in the US have several key members who are also elected and each state is allowed to organize this branch however they choose.¹ The judicial branch of many states ends at a state supreme court. The structure of courts is also at the discretion of each individual state.¹

The 50 states of the US

Most states are divided into counties or something equivalent, who although have some governmental authority, are accorded no sovereignty. These divisions vary hugely between states. Although there are absolute federal powers, tasks such as law enforcement, education, health, transportation and infrastructure are considered state responsibilities and initiatives.



1. State Government. Retrieved from

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Governmental Structure

Can someone please assist me with a response to another students forum post. It is for an MBA course and need to be between 300 and 325 words. I need assistance responding to this students forum post. Here is the question the student answered: Despite the geographic, economic, social and population differences among stat

Governmental Structure and Administration

Can someone please assist me with this question it is for a course called Political Administration. It is for an MBA graduate level course. It needs to be between 500-525 words.. Despite the geographic, economic, social and population differences among states, evaluate why states are similar in their basic governmental structure