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Planets

20 Multiple Choice Questions

1) A 2-kg ball is moving with a constant speed of 5 m/s in a horizontal circle whose radius is 50 cm. What is the magnitude of the net force on the ball? a. 0 N b. 20 N c. 40 N d. 100 N 2) Kepler's second law tells us that planets sweep out equal areas in equal times. If you compare the amount of area per time swept b

Motion in a Plane

1.) An astronaut shipwrecked on a distant planet with unknown characteristics is on top of a cliff, which he wishes to descend. He does not know the acceleration due to gravity on the planet, and he has only a good watch with which to make measurements. He wants to learn the height of the cliff, and to do this, he makes two meas

Chem120: Force constant, angular momentum, harmonic function, U atom, spin state

See attached file for full problem description and clarity in symbols. 1. a) In the infrared spectrum of H79Br, there is an intense line at 2630 cm¡1. Calculated the force constant of H79Br and the period of vibration of H79Br. b) The force constant of 79Br79Br is 240 N ¢m¡1. Calculated the fundamental vibrational freque

Gravitation, centripetal acceleration, and weight

Planet X rotates in the same manner as the earth, around an azis through its north and south poles, and is perfectly spherical. An astronaut who weighs 943.0 N on the earth weighs 915.0 N at the north pole of Planet X and only 850.0 N at its equator. The distance from the norht pole to the quator is 18,850 km, measured along the

Gravity on Another Planet Problem

After landing on an unfamiliar planet, a space explorer constructs a simple pendulum of length 49.0. The explorer finds that the pendulum completes 109 full swing cycles in a time of 127. What is the value of the acceleration of gravity on this planet? Express your answer in meters per second.

Gravitation: Force, motion of satellite, Kepler's law

1. A 8754-kg satellite is orbiting planet Y at an altitude of 1.69x10^6 meters above its surface and with an orbital period of 15.2 hours. If the planet has a mass of 8.19x10^24 kg, then determine the radius of planet Y. 2. Suppose the earth had another moon which was 1.69 times as far from the center of the earth as our own

Physics: Conversion and Distance Calculations

1. Suppose my car engine has a displacement of 350 cubic inches. I wish to compare this with a European car which has a displacement of 1.7 liters. Convert 350 cubic inches to liters. 2. Suppose an astronaut on an alien planet drops a hammer and finds that it falls a total distance of 6.0 yards in 2.0 seconds. a. How far w

Convert 350 cubic inches to liters. a. How far will the hammer fall in a total of 4.0 seconds. b. How much time does it take the hammer to drop the first 1.5 yards. Determine how far the bike travels after the rider quits pedaling.

1. Suppose my car engine has a displacement of 350 cubic inches. I wish to compare this with a European car which has a displacement of 1.7 liters. Convert 350 cubic inches to liters. 2. Suppose an astronaut on an alien planet drops a hammer and finds that it falls a total distance of 6.0 yards in 2.0 seconds. a. How far wil

Gravity Discussion

You are working for a telecommunication company that has several satellites in orbit. Your job is to work with NASA to monitor the satellites to see that they are functioning satisfactorily. One day, to your horror, an expensive 300-kg satellite orbiting at a height of 2000 km above the Earth surface has a freak accident with an

Mechanics and Gravitation: 17 Multiple choice questions

(See attached file for full problem description) --- Mark the following statements true or false. 1. (b) A conservative force can do no work on an object. 2. (a) Potential energy is necessarily a positive quantity. (b) Kinetic energy is necessarily a positive quantity. (c) The change in potential energy of an o

Center of mass of bomb fragments

A plane, flying horizontally, releases a bomb, which explodes before it hits the ground. Neglecting air resistance, what is the center of mass of the bomb fragments just after exploding? I think they move along a parabolic path?

Force Problems5/6/7

Every few hundred years most of the plants line up on the same side of the Sun. Calculate the total forces on the Earth due to Venus, Jupiter, and Saturn, assuming all four plants are in line. The masses are Mv = 0.815Me, M3=318Me, Ms=95.1Me and their mean distance from the sun are 108,150, 778 and 1430 million km respectively.

Physics Questions

1. (a) Calculate the mass of the earth given the acceleration of gravity at the north pole is 9.830 m/s^2 and the radius of the earth is 6371 km from pole to pole. (b) Compare this with the accepted value of 5.979 x 10^24 kg. 2. (a) Calculate the ratio r^3/T^2 for the moon's orbit about the earth, where r is the average radi

2 Physics Problems

1. Suppose we roll a ball off a table, at a speed of 2.0 m/s. This means that the initial velocity is completely horizontal; there is no initial component of velocity in the vertical direction. The table is 1.3 meters high. (A) How much time does it take the ball to hit the ground after leaving the table? (B) How far does the ba

Planetary evolution and the early solar system

F. Which is hotter, Mercury or Venus? Why? h. Explain why there are two general families of planets, rocky terrestrial and gaseous jovian. j. What knowledge do comets and asteroids provide to studies of the origin of the solar system?

Discussion questions - eclipses, lunar phase changes, Newton

1. Explain what causes a lunar eclipse. Explain what causes a solar eclipse. Include a diagram. Why don't eclipses occur every month? 2. Describe the phase changes of the Earth that one would see if viewed from the Moon. 3. It is said that Newton unified Earth and the Universe. Explain.

2 problems on Kinematics: Cheetah hunting and astronaut on distant planet...

3) A cheetah is hunting. Its prey run for 2.5 s at a constant velocity of +6.9 m/s. Starting from rest, what constant acceleration must the + cheetah maintain in order to run the same distance as its prey runs in the same time? 4) An astronaut on a distant planet wants to determine its acceleration due to gravity. The astro

Three classical mechanics problems

(See attached file for full problem description) --- 1. A rock is thrown straight up from the earth's surface. Which one of the following statements concerning the net force acting on the rock at the top of its path is true? A It is equal to the weight of the rock. B It is instantaneously equal to zero newtons.

Planet Mechanics Problems

7. A bicycle chain is wrapped around a rear sprocket (r = 0.039 m) and a front sprocket (r = 0.10 m). The chain moves with a speed of 1.4 m/s around the sprockets, while the bike moves at a constant velocity. Find the magnitute of the acceleration of a chain link that is in contact with (a) the rear sprocket, (b) neither spro

Forces and Newton's Laws of Motion

1. An airplane has a mass of 3.1 X 104 kg and takes off under the influence of a constant net force of 3.7 X 104 N. What is the net force that acts on the plane's 78-kg pilot? 3. In the amusement park ride known as Magic Mountain Superman, powerful magnets accelerate a car and its riders from rest to 45 m/s (about 100 mi/h)

Earth axis

How would the seasons be affected if the Earth's axis were not inclined 23 1/2 degrees from the plane of the ecliptic, but were instead perpendicular to that orbital plane?

Radius, Mass of Planets and Period of a Pendulum

My problem is understanding this because I have to calculate the mass and radius of 3 planets along with the graviational acceleration and then find the period of a 2 meter long pendulum on each planet for the assignment. The instructor posted a formula that he used in Excel but there was no explanation. The formula: =6

Masses of X-Ray Binary Stars

Is it possible to calculate the masses of the stars in an x-ray binary system when all i know of the system is that; one of the stars is a main sequences star of spectral type K5 measured from optical spectroscopy. The companion star is believed to be a neutron star with no distinct pulsations, however the x-ray emission has exh