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Architecture is the process and product of planning, designing and construction, usually of buildings and other physical structures. Architectural works are perceived as cultural symbols and as works of art. In relation to buildings, architecture has to do with the planning, designing and constructing form, space and ambience that reflect functional, technical, social, environmental and aesthetic considerations. It also encompasses the pragmatic aspect of realizing buildings and structures. These include scheduling, cost estimating and construction administration.

The earliest surviving written work of architecture is by the Roman architect Vitruvius in the early 1st century AD. According to Vitruius, a good building should satisfy these three principles, firmitas, utilitas and venustas. These translate to durability, utility and beauty respectively.

Since the 1980s, the complexity of buildings began to increase. The field of architecture became multi-disciplinary with specialisations for each project type, technological expertise or project delivery methods. There has also been an increase separation of the ‘design’ architect from the ‘project’ architect who ensures that the project meets the required standards and deals with matters of liability. Also today, a large structure cannot just be designed by one person. 

Dog Legged Staircases

Dog legged staircase is one of the simplest form of staircases in which a flight of stairs ascends to a half-landing before turning 180 degrees and continuing upwards. It is also called this because of its appearance in sectional elevation. From a design point of view, the advantage of this staircase lies in its compact layou


1. Think of a situation where CAD is a better choice then traditional drafting. 2.Given multiple ways to input coordinates, is one way better than another? Are there situations where you ell use one method over and other? 3. Do you think that manual drafting will be entirely eliminated in teh future, tiving way to AutoCad

Proposal for improving the doors of the school library

I need help with this proposal I'm starting to believe I choose a hard topic. What I need is for you to read the following and suggest what an architect would look for in improving the doors to the university library (university of Louisville). Could you help me make my argument more technical and concise? How can I articulate

Civil and Environmental Engineering Question

1. How is the problem of technology choice related to process selection and product design? 5. Suppose your boss has asked you to evaluate the possibilities of further office automation through linkage to the internet. How would you approach this problem? What information would you gather? 8. What is the main obstacle to u

Systems Engineering Concepts

I need help with the following. 1. Which of the following is not a basic systems engineering concept? a. Define need before function b. Define function before requirements c. Developing a prototype based on the solution to a previous similar problem. d. Define requirements before seeking answers e. Examining alter