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# Chemical Equilibrium

### Chemistry Calculations and Concepts

Determination of the Molar Mass and Ionization Constant of a Weak Monoprotic Acid Acetic Acid + Water yields Conjugate Base + Hydronium Ion Or HA + H20; H30+ + A- Calculation of the ionization constant for acetic acid from the measured pH of acetic acid samples: Acetic Acid titrated with Sodium Hydroxide and the followin

### Calculating Values of Equilibrium Constants

Question states: In the reaction of ammonium chloride (as a solid) dissociating to produce ammonia and hydrogen chloride (both as gases), the equilibrium concentration of each product was found to be 3.71x10^-3 (they each have the same concentration, ammonia is 3.71x10^-3 and hydrogen chloride is 3.71x10^-3). Calculate the v

### Equilibrium & Buffers

1. You have a 0.087565 M solution of a weak acid, HA, pH=4.18177. How many grams of NaA (molar mass = 62.476 g/mol) would you have to add to this solution (assume that there is no change in volume) to have a solution with a pH of 7.40000. Would this new solution be a good buffer? Please explain. 2. You have a mixture of

### General Chemistry

1. 4CuO(s) + CH4(g) CO2(g) + 4Cu(s) + 2H2O(g) The value of Kc for this reaction is 1.10 at 25.0°C. What is the value of Kp for this reaction? (R = 0.0821 L-atm/K-mol) a. 4.63 b. 26.9 c. 658 d. 37.2 e. 1.52 x 10-3 2. At a certa

### Solubility and common ion effect

Please help with the following problem. Provide a step by step solution. Solubility and the Common-Ion Effect. In problem 1 it was stated that the molar solubility of PbBr2 in pure water is 1.3 x 10-2 M. Calculate the molar solubility of PbBr2 in A) 0.20 M KBr and in B) 0.20 M Pb(NO3)2 Problem 1 in reference is: The Sol

### Find: The Equilibrium Constant

The Equilibrium Constant. Question: Consider the reaction 2 NO2Cl(g) = 2 NO2(g) + Cl2(g). A 12.0-L container holds these gases at equilibrium. What is the value of Kc for this reaction if there are 1.036 g NO2Cl, 5.962 g NO2, and 4.578 g Cl2 at equilibrium?

### Solubility Ksp calculations

How do you complete a solubility Ksp problem? What is the solubility of aluminum hydroxide in water at 25 degrees Celsius if the Ksp is 3 x 10^-34? What is the concentration of Hydroxide at equilibrium? What is the concentration of a sulfide ion in a 1L solution of cuprous sulfide to which .03mol of cuprous nitrate has be

### Calculating the equilibrium constant

Calculating the equilibrium constant. I have had trouble with this problem. The EXACT question asks: Calculate the equilibrium constant at 298K for the following equation. Sn(+2)(aq) + MnO4(-1)(aq) ===> Sn(+4)(aq) + Mn(+2) I understand Kc = (Products^(stoic. coefficients))/(Reactants^(stoic. coeffic

### Acid base equilibrium

If the formation of products is strongly favoured in this acid base system: HX+(B-)<>HB+(X-) The competing bases are B- and X-, am I correct? B- is a stronger base, am I correct ? Does K for this system have a large or small value and why? How would the equilibrium be affected by the addition of the soluble salt N

### Equilibrium Constant Value

GIVEN THE EQUILIBRIUM CONSTANT VALUE OF Kc FOR THE FOLLOWING RECTION AT 300 CELSIUS N2(g) + 1/2 O2(g) N2O(g) Kc=3.4 * 10 XY -18(SQUARE ROOT) AT 300 CELSIUS N2O4(g) 2NO2(g) kc=4.6*10(SQUARE RROT OF -3 AT 300 CELSIUS 1/2N2(g) + O2(g)

### Acid Base Equilibrium Questions

1) A 0.223 molar solution of the weak acid, HA, with a pKa of 3.954 is titrated with a 0.142 molar solution of NaOH. What is the pH of the solution at the equivalence point of this titration? 2) 0.1405 mol of potassium cyanide (KCN) is used to prepare 609.1 mL of an aqueous solution. Take the pKa of hydrogen cyanide as 9.38.

### Calculation of Amounts of Constituents in Acid-Base Equlibrium

I am a winemaker and in the course of my work I simply do not understand how to do a calculation of this sort. We usually express acidity (in wine) in terms of titratable acidity in grams tartaric acid per liter. Here is the information that I have: If 500 mg/L of lactic acid is added to distilled water and NaOH is added unti

### Systematic Treatment of Equilibrium

Solve the following problems using the systematic approach to equilibrium problems. 1. Determine the concentration of Ag+, CN-, and HCN in a saturated solution of AgCN where the pH is fixed at 5.90. 2. Determine the concentration of NH4+, NH3, CH3COOH (acetic acid), and CH3COO- (acetate ion) if 0.0050 moles of ammonium acetate

### 2-Pentanone and Semicarbazide

2-Pentanone forms a derivative on treatment with semicarbazide. Note that semicarbazide has two -NH2 groups that might react with the carbonyl of the ketone to form semicarbazone. Explain why it reacts the way it does.

### Mass

50.0 g of N2O4 is introduced into an evacuated 2.00 Litre vessel and allowed to come to equilibrium with its decomposition product, N2O4(g) = 2 NO2(g). For this reaction Kc=0.133. Once the system has reached equilibrium, 5.00 g of NO2 additional is injected in to the vessel, and the system is allowed to equilibrate once again. C

### The "role" of chemical equilibrium in electrochemical cells.

I do not understand why a reaction (oxidation and reduction) can continue producing electricity if equilibrium (at a given temperature) has already been reached. For example, the conversion of Fe2+(aq) ion to Fe3+(aq) ion is necessary for the anode half reaction to continue producing electrons while the continued conversion of

### Solubility Equilibria

Please show all work and explain the formulas through to the answer. 1. The Solubility Product Constant. PbBr2 is a slightly soluble salt. Write the chemical equilibrium equation that describes the salt partially dissolving in water and the solubility product expression. Calculate the Ksp value for lead(II) bromide if the

### Chemical equilibrium and molarity

Please show all work and identify all parts of equations. Please remember that this is a first year course and keep answers simple. 1. The Equilibrium Expression. Write the equilibrium expression for each of the following systems. a. 3 NO(g) ----> N2O(g) + NO2(g) b. Zn(s) + 2 H+(aq) ----> Zn2+(aq) + H2(g) c. Ti

### Chemical equilibrium of PCl5(g)<---> PCl3(g) + Cl2(g)

For the following reaction at 600. K, the equilibrium constant, Kp, is 11.5 PCl5(g)<---> PCl3(g) + Cl2(g) Suppose that 3.010 g of PCl5 is placed in an evacuated 580. mL bulb, which is then heated to 600. K. a)What would be the pressure of PCl5 if it did not dissociate? b)What is the partial pressure of PCl5 at equilibri

### Equlibrium Concentrations

For the equilibrium PH3BCl <=> PH3 + BCl3, Kp = .052 at 60 degrees Celcius. Further, a solid PH3BCl3 is added to a closed .500 L vessel at 60 degrees celcius; the vessel is then charged with .0216 mol of BCl3. How would I calculate Kc and what would be the equlibrium concentration of PH3?

### Total Gas Pressure

For the reaction 2NaHCO3 = Na2CO3 + CO2 + H20 a 5.00 gram sample of NaHCO3 is placed in an evacuated flask and the temperature is increased to 50 degrees celcius. What is the Total Gas Pressure in the flask at equilibrium? Kp=3.90 X 10-4 = (PCO2)(PH2O.)

### Calculating solubility

Calculate solubility of AbBr in 6.0 M NH3. Assume the highest complex formed is Ag(NH3)2 +.

### Molar solubility

Calculate molar solubility of Fe(OH)2 in 0.10 Molar NaOH.

### Solving Equilibrium

Question: 4HCl + O2 > 2Cl2 + 2H2O HCl is at 2.30 atm, O2 is at 1.00 atm and they both react at 750 K. Equilibrium pressure of Cl2 is .93 atm. How do you go about finding the Kp at 750 K?

### Given two isomers (anomers) of a sugar with a specific rotational character, knowing the specific rotatoin of the equilibrium mixture, what are the percentages of each in the mix?

Q1. à¿-D-Galactopyranose has [à¿]D = +150.7o, and à¿-D-galactopyranose has [à¿]D = +52.8o. When either of them is dissolved in water and allowed to reach equilibrium, the specific rotation of the solution will be +80.2o. What are the percentages of each anomer at equilibrium?

### Equilibrium Concentrations

The equilibrium constant of the reaction A <--> 2B + C shown in Figure 9.3 (attached file) is 25.6 mol^2/L^2 at an unspecified temperature. The equilibrium concentrations in this system are [A]= 0.110 M, [B]= 1.78 M and [C]= 0.890 M. The reaction system is slugged with an additional amount of reactant, equal to a concentration o

### Chemical-Reaction Equilibria: Molar Ratio Calculations

Please see the attached file for the fully formatted problem(s). Hydrogen gas is produced by the reaction of steam with "water gas," an equimolar mixture of H2 and CO obtained by the reaction of steam with coal. A stream of "water gas" mixed with steam is passed over a catalyst to convert CO to CO2 by the reaction: H2O(g) +

### Chemistry Word Problem

The Apparatus shown below consists of 3 temperature-jacketed 1.000 L bulbs connected by stopcocks. Bulb A contains a mixture of H2O(g), CO2(g), and N2(g) at 25 degrees C and a total pressure of 564 mmHg. Bulb B is empty and is held at a temperature of -70 degrees C. Bulb C is also empty and is held at a temperature of -196 degre

### Find Kp and Kc given an equilibrium equation, T, and P and % dissociation.

2NOBr(g) + Br2(g) <----> 2BrNO(g) @ equilibrium. NOBr is 34% dissociated at 25degreesC and total pressure is 0.25 atm. Calculate Kp and Kc. I know how to get Kp and Kc with given # of moles @ equilibrium, but cannot figure out how to get it from the percent dissociation. I tried inputting various values that I thought wer

### Finding the value of the equilibrium constant.

For the reaction below, the partial pressures of gases at equilibrium are as follows: H2=7.1x10^-5 atm, Cl2=2.5x10^-6 atm, and HCl=3.0atm. What is the value of the equilibrium constant Kp? H2(g)+Cl2(g) = 2HCl(g)