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What is a significant accounting estimate?

1. What is an example of a significant accounting estimate? What is the importance of these estimates? How do ethics play into the decision-making process? Which financial statements include significant accounting estimates? Why? 2. What are internal controls? Why do companies need them? What are some examples of internal con

Corporate Reorganizations

Identify the following transactions: a. C Inc. distributes all stock in its wholly-owned subsidiary, B Inc. to its shareholders. b. C Inc. distributes all stock in its wholly-owned subsidiary, B Inc., to a 30 percent shareholder in exchange for the c. shareholder's stock. d. C Inc. liquidates B Inc. and distributes the procee

Fraudulent Activity

1) Companies depend on banks to help oversee their accounts and in some cases a breakdown in controls happens at the bank. With internet and remote capture banking becoming more popular, what controls should banks have in place to insure proper controls over remote deposits? 2) What procedures, if any, can we use during the

Accounting Periods

Wilson Corporation currently uses the calendar year as its financial and tax annual accounting period. Management wishes to changes this to a fiscal year beginning October 1st and going through September 30th. Look at the tax law criteria that would be required to make this change and summarize them in a few paragraphs. Based on

Taxation Questions

Mr. Ray is a married business consultant. His wife Jackie earned $3,000 during 2011 by working at a local non-profit association. Ray earned $28,000 through his business consulting services and will report this activity in Schedule C on his Form 1040 for 2011. Explain how Ray will report the following items on his Form 1040

Filing Statuses for Income Tax Return

In each of the following independent situations, determine Winston's filing status for 2012 and why. Winston is NOT married. These 5 situations either fall into the categories of Single Taxpayers, Married Individuals, Marriage Penalty, Surviving Spouse, Head of Household, or Abandoned Spouse. a). Winston lives alone, but he m

Factory overhead computed, applied, and adjusted

Jobs completed and sold . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $420,000 Jobs in finished goods inventory . . . . . . . . . . . 84,000 Jobs in goods in process inventory . . . . . . . . . 56,000 Total actual direct labor cost . . . . . . . . . . . . . $560,000 In December 2010, Perez Company established its predeter

Perch Co and Float Corp

Perch Co. acquired 80% of the common stock of Float Corp. for $1,600,000. The fair value of Float's net assets was $1,850,000, and the book value was $1,500,000. The non-controlling interest shares of Float Corp. are not actively traded. What amount of goodwill should be attributed to Perch at the date of acquisition? What a

Job cost sheet for Racing Wheels

Job 102 Job 103 Job 104 Direct Materials 30,000 66,000 54,000 Direct Labor 16,000 28,400 42,000 Overhead 8,000 14,200 21,000 Job 102 was started in production in May and the f

Annual Report Questions for Management

I need help in deriving three financial questions that a manager might ask, regarding the link below (annual report from 2011 for Capital Blue Cross). Link:

Optimal Solution for Clothing Retailer

A company makes three types of shirts: Athletic, Varsity, and Surfer. The shirts are made from different combinations of cotton and rayon. The cost per yard of cotton is $5 and of rayon is $7. The company can receive up to 4000 yards of cotton and 3000 yards of rayon per week. The table below shows relevant manufacturing informa

Earnings and Profits - Computation and Corporation

I have answered the following questions; however, I wanted to see what your responses would be. What are earnings and profits? How and why are they computed? What difference do earnings and profits make to a corporation? To the stockholders of a corporation?

Costs of Goods Manufactured

The following selected information was extracted from the 20x3 accounting records of Baker Products: Raw Materials Used $284,000 Direct Labor 178,000 Indirect Labor

Recording the Issuances of Common Stock & Treasury Stock-Cost Method

During the first year of operation, Sitwell Corporation had the following transaction pertaining to its common stock. Jan 10 Issued 80,000 shares for cash at $8 per share Mar 1 Issued 5,000 shares to attorneys in payment of a bill for $35,000 for services rendered in helping the company to incorporate. July 1 Issued 30

Different Types of Centers and Decentralization

Please help me understand these questions: What is the difference between a "Revenue Center" and a "Profit Center"? Discuss the Differences Between Responsibility Centers and Decentralization. What other reasons are there to indicate decentralization is a better way of doing business? Discuss types of control systems

Audition and Sampling

1) What are some ways that auditors can be sure that the sample sizes will be fair enough to provide a look at internal controls, yet comprehensive enough to detect any irregularities? Is there a way? 2) Let's say that we have 1500 invoices that need to be reviewed. We will say that 25% of the invoices belong to one client

Over what range of radio production would it prefer each of the radio designs?

Ray-D-O's! is considering modifying the design of its popular radio so that the component boards can be soldered without flux, a substance that requires the use of toxic solvent in the cleanup process. The company is currently spending $4 to manufacture each additional unit. The new design would save $0.75 per unit, as the flux

Weighted method with the following information.

I need help with the layout and calculating the 5 steps of process costing using the weighted average method. The details are as follows: Production occurs in three departments- spinning, molding and testing. Materials and conversion costs are added throughout all three processes. The table represents units and cost flows:

Analysis of Pledge Data

Instructions: Harold Dinklesdorf is the director of fund-raising for the Bobcat Symphony. The symphony relies on donations to fund operations and special programs. Harold created an Excel table to track information about donors and their pledges. You will analyze the data in the list. Complete the following: 1. Open the P

Tax Consequences and Stock Redemption

I am completely lost with the following problem. My text does a very poor job explaining this. Please thoroughly explain. Falzone Compay has two shareholders, Rita and Sal Corporation. Rita acquired her 300 shares in 2002 for $30,000 and Sal Corporation acquired its 200 shares in 1998 for $15,000. On August 2, 2012, Falzone C

Accounting (Equivalent Units of Production)

The PVC Company manufactures a high-quality plastic pipe that goes through three processing stages prior to completion. Information on work in the first department, Cooking, is given below for May: Production data: Pounds in process, May 1: materials 100% complete; conversion 90% complete

Assessing Short Term Liquidity

** Please see the attached Excel file for the complete solution ** Working Capital Activity Ratios: 1. Days Inventory Held 73.0 108.2 93.9 2. Days Accounts Receivable Outstanding 0.0 90.2 0.0 3. Days Accounts payable outstanding 43.8 116.5 49.6 Operating Cycle (1 + 2) 73.0 198.4 93.9 Cash Conver

Equivalent Units of Production: Brady Products

Brady Products manufactures a silicone paste wax that goes through three processing departmentsâ?" Cracking, Blending, and Packing. All raw materials are introduced at the start of work in the Cracking Department. The Work in Process T-account for the Cracking Department for a recent month is given below:

Basis Calculation for Section 351 Exchange.

I am having problems with calculating basis. Scott MacDonald transfers land with an adjusted basis of $150,000 for stock in P. D. Graphics, Inc. worth $250,000, $50,000 in cash, nonqualified preferred stock worth $100,000, and P. D. Graphics' agreement to assume an $80,000 liability on the land. After the transfer, Scott owns 9

Corporation's Taxable Income and Regular Income Tax Liability.

Capital Corporation had the following results in 2012: Gross receipts from operations: $200,000 Net short-term capital gain: $50,000 Net long-term capital loss: ($75,000) Cost of goods sold: $60,000 Operating expenses: $40,000 Dividends received from 30% owned domestic corporation: $80,000 What is Capital Corporation'