Explore BrainMass

Explore BrainMass

    Group Theory

    Groups and Uniqueness of Decompositions

    Let A = Z + Z + Z, let x_1 = (1,2,1) and x_2 = (1,5,1), and consider the subgroup B = (x_1, x_2) is a member of G. For the quotient group G = A/B, and write (x,y,z) is a member of G for the coset determined by n element (x,y,z) is a member of A. a) For the subgroups J_1 = {x,y,0 for | x,y is a member of Z} and J_2 = {(0,0,z)

    Fibonacci Sequences: Prove the Formula

    The Fibonacci Sequence is a recursively defined sequence determined by the function: Fn = 0 if n = 0 Fn = 1 if n = 1 Fn-2 + Fn-1 if n ≥ 2 where n is a natural number. The first few terms of the sequence are: F0 = 0, F1 = 1, F2 = 1, F3 = 2, F4 = 3, F5 = 5, F6 = 8, F7 = 13, F8 =21 .....

    Groups and Subgroups

    Let G be a group and let H and K be subgroups of G. Prove that H∪K is a subgroup of G if and only if H ⊆ K or K ⊆ H.

    Cyclic Groups and Generators

    Let G = <a> be a cyclic group of size 600. What is a generator for the smallest subgroup of G that includes both a^42 and a^70?

    Center of a Group and Abelian Groups

    In any group G, some of the elements of G commute with all of the other elements in G. The set of all such elements in G is called the centre of G, and is denoted by Z(G). Hence Z(G) = {g|xg = gx x is a subset of G}. For instance in any group the identity commutes with every element - so Z(G) is never empty. It should

    Group Theory Questions

    Group Theory Questions. See attached file for full problem description. ( p is odd prime and a an integer not divisible by p ) the LEGENDRE SYMBOL IS DEFINRD BY = 1 if a is a quadratic residue of P, = -1 if a is a quadratic nonresidue of P. a. Evaluate b. Evaluate Hint 4567 is a prime. c. Does 17 ( m

    Symmetric Groups

    It is trivial that S[n] is cyclic for n = 1, 2, but is S[n] ever cyclic for n>=3? Prove why or why not.

    Sylow P-Subgroups, Isomorphisms and Solvable Groups

    1. a) If M and N are normal subgroups of G then G/M is isomorphic to a subgroup of G/M x G/N. b) If G/M and G/N are solvable, then G/(M intersect N) is solvable. 2. Let G be finite and P be a Sylow p subgroup of G. Suppose the normalizer of P in G is a subset of H is a subset of G. Show that the normalizer of H in

    Isomorphic: Noncyclic Group Order 4

    Let V be a noncyclic group of order 4. (We know that all such groups are isomorphic, one is given in example 2.96). How large is Aut(V)? To which familiar group is Aut(V) isomorphic? See the attached file.

    Cyclic Normal Subgroup

    Let X be a prime. Prove or disprove that is cyclic for each normal subgroup K. See attached file for full problem description.

    Direct Products of Groups

    Let G=(x) x (y) where |x|=8 and |y|=4 a) Find all pairs a,b in G such that G=(a)x(b) (where a,b are expressed in terms of x and y) b) Let H = (x^2)x(y^2) be isomorphic to (Z/4 x Z/2). Prove that there are no elements a,b of G such that G=(a)x(b) and H=(a^2) x (b^2)

    Solvable Groups and Chains of Subgroups

    A) Prove that if H is nontrivial normal subgroup of the solvable group G then there is a nontrivial subgroup A of H with A normal subgroup of G and A abelian. b)Prove that if there exists a chain of subgroups G1<=G2<=.....<=G such that G=union(from i=1 to infinity)of Gi and each Gi is simple, then G is simple Part a of thi

    Sylow p-Subgroups, Conjugacy and Abelian Groups

    A) Let G be a group of order 203. Prove that if H is normal subgroup of order 7 in G then H<=Z(G). Deduce that G is abelian in this case. b)Let P be a normal Sylow p-subgroup of G and let H be any subgroup of G. Prove that P intersect H is the unique Sylow p-subgroup of H. c)Let P be in Syl_p(G) and assume N is a normal su

    Group Action, Conjugates and Conjugation

    Consider the group action of on itself via conjugation. ={ }, and a) Find all the elements of that are fixed by the element r. b) Let G be a group, and consider the action of G on itself via conjugation. Let g to G. Prove or disprove that the set of all elements of G that are fixed by g is a subgroup of G. c) Find a

    Odd Order and Cyclic Groups

    Suppose that G is a finite group of odd order 2n + 1. Prove or disprove that the number of cyclic subgroups of G is at most n + 1.

    Group Homomrphisms and Isomorphisms

    Let Φ: G --> H be a group homomorphism. Let Φ be a surjection. Then Φ is an isomorphism if and only if the order of the element &#966;(a) is equal to the order of the element a for all a єG. See the attached file.

    Dihedral Groups : Group Action

    Consider the "usual action " of Dihedral group of order 10 (D10) on the set {1,2,3,4,5} and define D10 on the set of all 2-element subsets of {1,2,3,4,5} by g*{i,j} ={g*i,g*j} Find all the 2-element sets that are fixed by the element r i.e r*{i.j}={i,j} I think there would be nothing, but i am sure . So could someone gi

    Cyclic Groups

    A) let a be the m-cycle (123.....m). how to show that a^i is also an m-cycle if and only if i is relatively prime to m. Here a is an element of group G that generates the m-cycle. b) How to prove that the order of an element in Sn equals the least common multiple of the lengths of the cycles in its cycle decomposition.

    Groups and Fractional Elements

    2.b) Consider G= , x*y be the fractional part of x+y .(i.e:x*y=x+y-[x+y] where [a] is the greatest integer less than or equal than a ) Construct a group H such that for each there exists an element of order , but non of the other orders are present.(Hint : use a subqroup of ): I want to claim the group is H= under addi

    Groups, Order and Commutativity

    1. If x is an element of a group and x is of order n then the elements 1, x, x^2,...x^n-1 are distinct (don't know how to show this!) 2. Let Y=<u,v/u^4=v^3=1, uv=v^2u^2> Y here is a group show a) v^2=v^-1 b) v commutes with u^3 c) v commutes with u d)uv=1 e)u=1, deduce that v=1 and conclude that Y=1

    Dihedral Groups

    Use the gemerators and relations for D(sub2n)=<r,s/r^n=s^2=1,rs=sr^-1> to show that if x is any element of D2n, that is not a power of r, then rx=xr^-1. Here D2n is the dihedral group of order 2n

    Groups and Distinct Elements

    Let G be a group and let be two distinct elements. Let n be the order of g and m be the order of h, and suppose that n and m are relatively prime. Prove or disprove that there is no pair i,j , such that . Please see the attached file for the fully formatted problems.

    Groups and Distinct Elements

    Let G be a group and let be two distinct elements. Let n be the order of g and m be the order of h. Prove or disprove that there is no pair i,j , such that . Please see the attached file for the fully formatted problems.