In Canada, healthcare is publicly funded and for the most part free at the point of delivery to patients. The system is governed by the Canada Health Act of 1984 (CHA). The CHA outlines a number of defining characteristics for how healthcare and healthcare insurance are to be delivered by individual provinces in Canada. Firstly, the administration of healthcare insurance must be by a public authority and be non-profit. Secondly, the health care insurance must be comprehensive, meaning that insurance plans can choose to cover additional services, but must at least cover all insured health services provided by hospitals. Thirdly, the insurance plans must be applicable to all insurable persons (i.e. This excludes landed immigrants, and other residents that are either non-eligible or covered by a different registry). Since various provinces provide different schemes, there must also be portability so that a resident from one province will be covered in another province. Finally, the insurance must be reasonably accessible to all persons. In the USA, healthcare is governed by the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010 (PPACA). The USA has both a private and public insurance scheme for healthcare and the PPACA governs the way these run.© BrainMass Inc. brainmass.com June 1, 2020, 8:06 am ad1c9bdddf
The PPACA (also known as the ACA or Obamacare) was signed into law by Obama in 2010 and governs the insurance and medical schemes of the American Healthcare system.
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