I need some help with the case study and the associated questions:
COUNTERMEASURES INC. (CMI) is a virtual manufacturing company that has a contract to supply a million doses of recombinant anthrax vaccine to the US Government for stockpiling. Some of this material will be used to conduct a phase I clinical trial involving military and civilian volunteers. The US Government (Department of Defense [DOD]) will be the Sponsor and holder of the IND under which the trial will be conducted). Since it has no manufacturing facility of its own, CMI subcontracted with MEGATECH Inc. (MTI), a contract manufacturing Organization (CMO) that owns a current Good Manufacturing Practice (CGMP) - compliant Manufacturing facility, to manufacture the vaccine. DOD also contracted with the Trials-R-US (TRU) clinic to conduct the phase I trial at their facility 75 miles away from the MTI manufacturing site. The DOD/CMI contract requires that CMI deliver the required number of vaccine vials for the trial to the TRU Repository through its subcontractor (MTI). As the staff at TRU was receiving the vaccines that came in three packages, they observed that one corner of one of the packages showed evidence of physical damage and as they unwrapped the outside coverings, they discovered that a number of the vials had been crushed and their contents spilled. A quick inspection of the remaining vials that appeared to be intact revealed that colored particulates were present in several of the vials The two intact packages were moved into a temperature- controlled holding area while the third (damaged) was transferred to a separate temperature controlled area. The vaccine excipient included a rich medium with a broad buffering capacity requiring a storage temperature of 2-4oC. Four days later, the Quality control manager at TRU who had been away on a trip went into the room where the damaged package was being held to complete the paper work he would need to prepare his report to CMI and MTI. He immediately noted that it was quite warm in the "Walk-in" cold room, being obviously warmer than 10oC.
Consider yourself as Director, Regulatory Affairs, MGI
1. Identify the risks (if any) this incident poses to the end user of your product and to your manufacturing facility
2. Outline the actions you would take to minimize the impact of these incidents on the integrity of your GMP operations. Develop a regulatory response.
Provide your response as a report with citations of laws, regulations, and guidance/Points to consider documents using the APA reference style. (Guidance Document Attached. Could use additional information if desired)© BrainMass Inc. brainmass.com October 17, 2018, 8:33 am ad1c9bdddf
In accordance with BrainMass standards this is not a completion of assignment but only guidance.
There are risks this incident poses to the end user of the product and to the manufacturing facility. The inspection of the remaining vials that were intact in the damaged package revealed colored particulates in several of the vials. The colored particulates present a risk to the end user if vials that are intact are used. The particulates may be present in any of the vials in the same batch (Food and Drug Administration 2004p. 22). Using vials even from the undamaged boxes pose a risk to the end users. Further, any vials in the manufacturing facility of MTI in the same batch pose a risk to the end users. In other words any vial from the same batch poses risks to the end user because of the presence of colored particulates in the vaccines.
There is serious risk to the Manufacturing facility of MTI. The implications of ...
This solution discusses the Countermeasures Inc. Case Study in a step-by-step manner with respect to question submitted. All references used are also included.
The Case of Mattel: Virtue Ethics Review
Find and read the following journal article to help you form a solution:
Sethi, S., Veral, E., Shapiro, H., & Emelianova, O.. (2011). Mattel, Inc.: Global Manufacturing Principles (GMP) - A Life-Cycle Analysis of a Company-Based Code of Conduct in the Toy Industry. Journal of Business Ethics, 99(4), 483-517.
While the Sethi et al. article is certainly a quite interesting case study, it is a very lengthy and fairly complex one as well. To this extent, I don't want you to simply recount the storyline of the article in your response to the requirements. Rather, I want you to locate and evaluate the most salient business ethics issue, critically analyzing them within the context of virtue ethics - and the questions that I have posed for you below.
Hartman, E.. (2008). Socratic Questions and Aristotelian Answers: A Virtue-Based Approach to Business Ethics. Journal of Business Ethics, 78(3), 313-328.
The following link may be helpful to you in your evaluation of this Case: http://ethicsops.com/CharacterVirtue.aspx
The following is the Problem to be solved:
Choose three virtues, and then discuss how the virtues you have selected may have more appropriately guided the actions and behaviors of the organization at issue. Finally, you will discuss which of the normative ethics we have studied in Modules 1, 2, and 3 (deontological, utilitarian, or virtue ethics) best inform the Case.
Please solve the following:
1) What I would like for you to do is to choose three (3) "virtues" and then provide a clear definition of each. For example, you might choose such virtues as temperance, justice, honesty, fairness, generosity, or kindness. Be sure that you define each virtue using a quality and objective secondary source.
2) Next, apply each of the three virtues you have chosen to the case. Tell me how each of the virtues you've chosen might have been used to appropriately guide the actions and policies of the company. You may discuss how each relates to such matters as the company's working conditions, worker safety, fairness, organizational attitudes towards the environment, etc.
3) Which of the three normative ethics we've studied - i.e., deontological, utilitarian, or virtue - do you believe is most useful in evaluating the Mattel case? Why?View Full Posting Details