Occupational therapy is the practice of enabling people to engage in everyday life, through occupation. Occupation refers to all activities that people do during the course of their daily lives. Occupational therapy is involved in creating a just and inclusive society in which all people may achieve their personal potential in the daily occupations of life. Occupational therapists work with people of all ages and abilities who experience obstacles to participate, which may be caused from an impaired body structure, a change in function, or from physical or social environmental barriers.
Occupational therapists utilize evidence-based knowledge and professional reasoning to enable individuals to develop the means to engage in and improve their function in the occupations of life. Occupational therapy involves assessment, intervention and evaluation of the client’s occupational performance in self-care, work, study and leisure. Therapists may assume a variety of roles, such as researcher, program developer, educator and deliverer of professional services.¹
Occupational therapists are employed in a variety of venues, such as community agencies, hospitals, rehabilitation clinics and schools. Some specialize in working with specific age groups or disabilities, such as arthritis, mental illness or spinal cord injury.
1. Canadian Association of Occupational Therapists. Retrieved from http://www.caot.ca/default.asp?pageid=3024.
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