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Social efficiency required to reduce pollution

Two firms are ordered by the federal government to reduce their pollution levels. Firm A's marginal costs associated with pollution reduction is MC=20+4Q and firm B's MC=10+8Q. The marginal benefit of pollution reduction is MB=400-4Q. Compare the social efficiency of three possible outcomes: require all firms to reduce pollut

Cash Budgeting

Medical Supplies, Inc., purchases first-aid items from large wholesalers. Medical Supplies then assembles and sells first-aid kits to businesses and contracts to maintain the first-aid kits. You have been asked to prepare a cash budget for January. The following information is provided: a. Cash in the bank on January 1 is $3

Economic Review Questions

1. Define the term microeconomics. 2. Define the term macroeconomics. 3. Define the abbreviation SEC and define what it does. 4. Define the abbreviation FDIC and define what it does. 5. Define the term laissez-faire in terms of economics. 6. Define GDP and explain what it is. 7.

Rising healthcare costs and medical malpractice

I need help with the reasons that healthcare costs in the U.S. is increasing and its link with litigation and medical practitioners. The statement listed below needs to be expanded on. "A big issue that divides the Democrats from the Republicans is whether it is a Gov't program vs. an Insurance program. It has to do with cos

Menendez Corporation Financial Calculations

The Menendez Corporation expects to have sales of $12 million. Costs other than depreciation are expected to be 75 percent of sales, and depreciation is expected to be $1.5 million. All sales revenues will be collected in cash, and costs other than depreciation must be paid for during the year. Menendez's federal-plus-state t

Find the Optimal Purchasing Plan using Integer Programming

1. Buying equipment. Oriental Airlines is considering a capital expansion in which it will purchase new aircraft for its Pacific runs. Oriental is looking at the purchase of Boeing B797s, Airbus A450s and Lockheed L120s. The budget for new purchases is $750 million. Boeing B797s cost $42 million, Airbus A450s cost $30 mill

Selecting Projects - Spreadsheets

1. Selecting Projects. The Texas Electronic Company (TEC) is contemplating a research and development program encompassing eight major projects. The company is constrained from embarking on all projects by the number of available scientists (40) and the budget available for projects ($3000,000). Following are the resources

Finance Questions

1. How much will you have in 10 years if you invest $100 a month starting today for 10 years at a rate of 7%? 2. What is the present value of $200,000 received at the end of every 6 months for the next 8 years at a discount rate of 7%? 3. How are the processes of discounting and compounding related? Explain.

Operating Cash Flows and Investment Outlay

The lemon juice would be produced in an unused building adjacent to Allied's Fort Myers plant; Allied owns the building, which is fully depreciated. The required equipment would cost $200,000, plus an additional $40,000 for shipping and installation. In addition, inventories would rise by $25,000, while accounts payable would go

NPV & IRR of an investment

Your firm has an opportunity to male an investment of $50,000. Its cost of capital is 12%. It expects after-tax cash flows (including the tax shield from depreciation) for the next 5 years to be as follows: Year 1 $10,000. Year 2 20,000. Year 3 30,000. Year 4 20,000. Year 5 5,000. I. Calculat

Capital rationing and mutually exclusive investments

Capital rationing and mutually exclusive investments (Excel) 19 Oliver Stone and Rock Company uses a process of capital rationing in its decision making. The firm's cost of capital is 12 percent. It will invest only $80,000 this year. It has determined the internal rate of return for ea


A local politician wants to increase taxes without hurting low-income members of the community. He is proposing a tax on landscaping services since richer people are more likely to hire a landscaper than poorer people. Is this proposal likely to succeed? Please explain your response.

Carrying receivables

East Lansing Appliances (ELA) expects to have sales this year of $15 million under its current credit policy. The present terms are net 30; the days sales outstanding (DSO) is 60 days; and bad debt loss percentage is 5 percent. Since ELA wants to improve its profitability, the treasurer has proposed that the credit period be sho

annual incremental pre-tax profit

Brain mass Inc currently has sales of $1,000,000, and its days sales outstanding is 30 days. The financial manager estimates that offering longer credit terms would (1) increase the days sales outstanding to 50 days and (2) increase sales to $1,200,000. However, bad debt losses, which were 2 percent on the old sales, would amoun


1. Which of the following statements is most correct? a. If a projects internal rate of return (IRR) exceeds the cost of capital, then the project?s net present value (NPV) must be positive. b. If Project A has a higher IRR than Project B, then Project A must also have a higher NPV. c. The IRR calculation implicitly as

Balancing the Fed Budget

If the government balanced the budget annually, would that force the government to enact a contractionary fiscal policy when hit with a severe recession? What problems might arise with an annually balanced budget?

Microeconomic Questions

1. In this election year, issues of campaign finance and political strategy are prominent. Suppose that you are in charge of a campaign to win a party's nomination. You can spend money on a variety of methods for trying to increase your candidates vote. These include (a) door to door visits, (b) direct mail, (c) network televisi

Effects Of Imposing A Progressive Tax

Impose a progressive tax such that the tax rate is 0 percent when GDP is $100, 5 percent at $200, 10 percent at $300, 15 percent at $400 and so forth. Determine and graph the new consumption schedule, noting the effect of this tax system on the MPC and the multiplier. GDP (billions)....................Consumption (billions)

Unifying Concepts

Unifying Concepts: Capital Rationing Using the Payback and Net Present Value Methods Dino Corporation is trying to decide which of five investment opportunities it should undertake. The company's cost of capital is 16%. Owing to a cash shortage, the company has a policy that it will not undertake any investment unless it has

Deficit state

A government budget deficit is financed by a combination of (a) saving rising relative to domestic investment and imports rising relative to exports. (b) saving rising relative to domestic investments and exports rising relative to imports. (c) domestic investment rising relative to saving and imports rising relative to expor

Budget Line

Given the following information, DESCRIBE the budget line for the consumer: Be sure to state what the axes are and provide numbers for the vertical and horizontal intercepts. Also what is the slope of the line? Explain what the budget line represents. Income =$1000/ month Price of 1 pound of steak = $4.00 Price of 1 pound

Capital Budgeting

1) Simpson corporation is considering a proposed expansion to its facilities. Which of the following statements is most correct? a. In calculating the project's operating cash flows, the firm should not subtract out financing costs such as interest expense, since these costs are already included in the WACC, which is

Capital Budgeting

1) Thompson corp has proposed project with normal cash flows. In other words, there is an up-front cost followed over time by a series of positive cash flows. The projects internal rate of return is 12 percent and its WACC is 10 percent. Which of the following statements is most correct? a. The projects NPV is positive

External financing - Plowback ratio

If a firm uses external financing as a plug item, has a new capital budget of $3 million, a net income of $4 million, and a plowback ratio of 35%, how much should be raised in external funds?

WACC of G&W Oil Company

Please show the formulas. Find the Weighted Average Cost of Capital (WACC) of G&W Oil Company. G&W's capital structure is 35% debt paying an 8% interest rate and 65% equity. Investors require a rate of 17% return on G&W's equity. The corporate tax rate is 35%.

Calculating Cash Flow and Depreciation: Example Problem

Assume a firm has earnings before depreciation and taxes of $500,000 and no depreciation. It is in a 40 percent tax bracket. A. Compute its cash flow B. Assume it has $500,000 in depreciation. Recompute its cash flow. C. How large a cash flow benefit did the depreciation provide?

Corporate Valuation Problem

Parker Products manufactures a variety of household products. The company is considering introducing a new detergent. The company's CFO has collected the following information about the proposed product. (Note: You may or may not need to use all of this information, use only the information that is relevant.) The project ha

Managerial Economics

You drive 5000 miles a year and buy gasoline at the price of $2/gal. Except for differences in annual costs, you are indifferent between driving a 10 year old Buick ($400/yr, 20 miles per gal) or a 10 year old Toyota ($800/yr, 50 miles per gal). (a) Which one do you choose to drive? The yearly expense on the Buick = 400

Job costing, normal and actual costing

Job costing, normal and actual costing. Anderson Construction assembles residential houses. It uses a job-costing system with two direct-cost categories (direct materials and direct labor) and one indirect-cost pool (assembly support). Direct labor-hours is the allocation base for assembly support costs. In December 2006, A