The International Labour Organization (ILO) is a United Nations organization created in 1919 that focuses on labour issues, specifically international labour standards. It was created as part of the Treaty of Versailles that ended World War I to promote social justice. The Constitution was created by the Labour Commission, made up of Belgium, Cuba, Czechoslovakia, France, Italy, Poland, the UK, and the US¹. This created a tripartite organization, unifying the representatives of governments, employers, and workers.
A tripartite structure aims to have free and open debate between governments and social partners. The ILO tries to ensure that the views of the social partners reflect the labour standards and policies of the ILO¹. It encourages social dialogue between trade unions and employers about national policies on social and economic issues.
In 1969, the ILO was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for increasing cooperation among classes, striving for justice for labourers, and assisting developing nations by providing technology. The ILO’s foundation is based on humanitarian, security, political and economic concerns.
The ILO is comprised of the International Labour Conference, the Governing body, and the Office¹. This combines the representatives of the government, employers, and workers. The ILO holds regional meetings periodically to assess different issues within the regions.
1. How the ILO Works. Retrieved from http://www.ilo.org/global/about-the-ilo/how-the-ilo-works/lang--en/index.htm