Gibson Guitar's revenue $500 million/annually. They sell premier guitars. The 118 year old company has been raided by the BFBI, Homeland Security, and the Wildlife Fish & Game. They are accused of importing ebony and rosewood, protected species of slow-growth timber. The CEO has hired a lobbyist ($10,000)/month to get the 100 year-old Lacey Act changed. Gibson faces a $500,000 fine and prison time for some executives. The FBI shut down production on 1/18/2012 and confiscated 7000 fingerboards, over 300 fingerboards glued to the guitar necks, and 80 completed guitars. No charges have been filed to date. The first raid was in 2009 and they hired attorneys and began lobbying. The CEO stated that they have lost $2-3 million dollars. Currently they have huge customer loyalty, but the Lacey law says the FBI can confiscate any guitar with the protected rosewood. The CEO has R&D working on an alternate wood but the sound is not the same. What economic theory would you to apply to this case?© BrainMass Inc. brainmass.com October 25, 2018, 6:17 am ad1c9bdddf
I've read about the Gibson case several times before.
The question concerns the economic theory "applied" to this case. I read that to mean that either a) the theory must "make sense" out of the case or b) that a theory can be embedded into the actions both of the US government and Gibson's response.
Let me hit both, since I think they overlap quite a bit.
Here are some basics:
1. First off, we are dealing with the basic concept of economic nationalism. This is, of course, a much older, mercantilist theory that governed political economy in the 18th and 19th century. In this case, India is the main actor - they have insisted that its wood products not be exported, since this is a fairly solid advantage India has in terms of its domestic production.
2. Dealing with nationalism is normative - how important is national sovereignty as a moral idea. In this case, again, India is the main variable. For them, their own woods are high quality and sought after, India seeks to protect and highly regulate its powerful comparative advantage in this respect. The concept is that India, while a signatory to most free trade laws, seeks to use state power to protect resources they consider either endangered or essential to building their own manufacturing economy at home.
3. The ...
Gibson Guitar Economic Theory is examined. Legal transparency is provided.
Social and Political Issues - Kinship Systems and others
1. Discuss folk wisdom in regards to illness and healing. Please provide at least two specific examples of how cultural anthropology can contribute to improved health care delivery. You may even wish to share a family "cure" or remedy that was passed down to you through generations as an example of folk wisdom (i.e. chicken soup, etc.)
2. Discuss and compare two different types of kinship systems and/or domestic life styles as portrayed in the popular media (movies, television, magazines, internet) or as found in anthropological research. Attach a visual representation if you can.
3. Go to the Fight Hate and Promote Tolerance web page http://www.tolerance.org. Link to "Explore Your Hidden Biases" under the heading "Dig Deeper." Read information on testing yourself for hidden biases. Then link to "Select a Test." Take the following four tests:
1. Racial Bias Black/White Adults
2. Gender Bias
3. Age Bias
4. Sexual Orientation Bias
Select "Go to Test" and complete demographic information.
**After completing each test, you may either copy and paste your results to a discussion board posting or, if you prefer, discuss your results. Were you surprised by these results? If so, why? If not, why not? Also, please include your own reactions to the tests. Do you think these are valid tests? In what other ways could this topic be studied?
4. Because patterns of political organization and leadership vary according to mode of production and global economic relationships, please find and post an example of a strategy for building nationalism. This might include museums, songs, media-relayed messages, etc. Be sure to either attach a visual example with your discussion or give us the URL for the web site you found in your research.
5. Imagine you are an anthropologist interested in studying the topics in (social control, order, conflict). Select a country (anywhere in the world) and propose a research project to go to that country. What are some possible hypotheses? How will you refine your topic? Where will you go within your selected site to collect data? How will you get entree? How will you establish rapport? Have fun with this one and be creative or even outrageous. Remember time and money are not an issue (since we are fantasizing!) This should be at least 250 words (one page) minimum, you might want to write it in your word file and attach.
Note: If anyone was dissatisfied with the bias tests from Harvard test here is YOUR chance to construct a meaningful research study that would overcome all the issues you felt invalidated the Project Impact assessments.
6. In order to demonstrate that you know what human paralanguage is, provide and discuss at least three examples such as silence, body language, dress, looks and other symbols as channels of communication. Use examples from different cultures and try to include at least one regarding gender. Feel free to write your response in a word document and include visuals, if you can.
7. Find a Museum Web Site and take a virtual field trip. Post what you learned by "visiting" the museum by giving us the URL to the museum site. Then take us on a tour of the site by pointing out at least two "not to be missed" features of the museum. Finally, compose at least one question for the class that can stimulate more discussion about your selected museum. Remember, you are touring the museum as anthropologist, not a tourist. Do you know the difference?
8. Research spatial rendering using GIS (Geographic Information System) on the internet (articles, pictures) and see how the many topics within cultural anthropology that we have studied can be reformulated using this new technology. In what ways will our research methodologies and theoretical paradigms change because of this technology?
9. Think about how you viewed yourself within society, your community, and how you generally thought about cultural issues. Next, think about the concepts, ideas, opinions, and people you have been exposed to in this class. Consider any changes to your thinking or perspectives. Consider what ideas and perspectives you held that were reinforced for you for the concepts your learned. In what way(s) do you think you developed your ability to think anthropologically and how does this relate to any critical thinking skills applied?
10. You will no doubt run across films, television programs, etc. that deal directly with the material we are studying. Will you please share by posting here any multimedia resources you feel relate to area of study? Anthropology.
11. Find a picture that you feel shows a good representation of art from a cross-cultural perspective. Feel free to be as creative as you wish.
Then attach the picture to this discussion board and discuss at least one of the following points:
? how cultural anthropology contributes to the understanding of what "art" is from a cross-cultural perspective.
? what are the major categories of art cross-culturally.
? what do cultural anthropologists emphasize in the study of art.
? what are the major structural factors involved in art such as political and ethnic interests in promotion of identity.
? what are some examples of how cross-cultural differences in various categories of art such as music, theater, and architecture might relate to their social contexts.
? how are art museums cultural constructions that respond to their own particular contexts.
? what play and leisure are and provide examples of how they are shaped by culture and contribute to shaping people's cultural worlds.
? how larger cultural structures are involved in how and why art and leisure activities change over time