In the realm of human geography, this field of study focuses on the geographical issues related to Aboriginal/Indigenous Peoples and understanding their culture and history. Comprehending the traditions, aspirations and functioning of these communities are other areas of interest which are usually studied.
The study of Aboriginal/Indigenous Peoples in the Canadian context is an important subject area because of the long history of Aboriginal settlements which have existed upon Canadian lands. Aboriginal Peoples inhabited what is now considered to be Canadian lands even before Confederation took place in 1867 and thus, their history is rather extensive. In present day Canada, Aboriginal Peoples are thought to consist of the First Nations, Inuit and Métis (three distinctive Aboriginal groups).Unfortunately though, the country of Canada and Aboriginal Peoples have a long history of interaction which has not always been pleasant.
In terms of demographics, according to the 2011 National Household Survey, Aboriginal Peoples represent 4.3% of Canada’s total population1. In a geographical sense, the highest proportions of Aboriginal Peoples reside in Ontario, followed by the Western provinces1.
In an academic sense, the study of Aboriginal/Indigenous Peoples is rather complex, focusing on all aspects of their culture and societal practices. In the field of human geography this is a very important area of study.
1. Employment and Social Development Canada. (2014). Canadians in Context - Aboriginal Population. Retrieved from http://www4.hrsdc.gc.ca/.3ndic.1t.4r@-eng.jsp?iid=36
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