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Heat Transfer

Heat transfer is the study of generation, use, conversion and exchange of thermal energy and heat between physical systems. Heat transfer is classified into various mechanisms, such as thermal conduction, thermal convection, thermal radiation and transfer of energy by phase changes. The field of engineering also considers the transfer of mas of differing chemical species to achieve heat transfer. Although these mechanisms have distinct characteristics, they often occur simultaneously in the same system.

Heat is defined as the transfer of thermal energy across a well-defined boundary around a thermodynamic system. It is a characteristic of a process and is never contained in matter. However, the term heat transfer has acquired a specific usage. Heat is taken as synonymous to thermal energy. This can be interpreted by the heat of a fluid that can be transferred by various causes and that is also common in the language of laymen and everyday life. 

Categories within Heat Transfer


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The transfer of energy between an object and its environment, due to fluid motion.


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The transfer of energy between objects that are in physical contact.


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The transfer of energy to or from a body by means of the emission or absorption of electromagnetic radiation.

Relative Humidity

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Relative humidity is the ratio of the partial pressure of water vapor in an air-water mixture to the saturated vapor pressure of water at a prescribed temperature

Heat pump efficiency problem

In the year 2050, very efficient heating systems involving heat pumps are commonly used. When people leave their heated office rooms, heat pumps will pump energy from the vacated rooms to the occupied rooms. Instead of conventional heat pumps where on needs to provide work to pump heat from low temperature to a high temperature

A heat transfer problem involving a transient solution

Assume you are at the center of the South Pole of Mars. In this area directly around the South Pole, the Martian surface can be assumed to initially be uniform. Since you are at the ice caps of Mars, the physical constants of the ground are similar to ice. See attached file for equation. Suppose the atmospheric gas di

Swimming Pools and Evaporation

Please help with the following problem. An uncovered swimming pool loses 1 inch of water off of its 1000ft^2 surface each week due to evaporation. The heat of vaporization for water at the pool temperature is 1050 Btu/lb. The cost of energy to heat the pool is 10.00 dollar per million BTU. A salesman claims that a 500 dol

Thermal Diffusivity : Conversion of Black-Scholes Equation

Show that the form of the Black-Scholes equation given can be converted into Ut=((sigma^2)/2)*Uxx Please see the attached PDF file. Define u(X, τ) V(X, τ) e (α ⋅X+β ⋅τ) = , where α and β are constants yet to be specified. Then: V(X, τ) u(X, τ) e = ⋅(α &