### Ring Homomorphism

See attached pdf file. --- - Find all ring homomorphisms from Z... ---

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See attached pdf file. --- - Find all ring homomorphisms from Z... ---

Let . Show that the map the residue of a+ b modulo 2, is a ring homomorphism with . Prove that . Hence, or otherwise, give a maximal ideal of . Consider the ideal (2)+(x) of . Show that (2)+(x) . Hence explain why (x) is not a maximal ideal of . NOTE: All question marks are Z, the integers Please see the attached

Let . Prove that the map given by , where is the residue of a modulo n, is a ring homomorphism. Find the kernel and image of . Prove that if is a ring homomorphism, then given by is also a ring homomorphism. Write down two distinct maximal ideals of . Does have a finite or infinite number of maximal ideals?

(See attached file for full problem description with proper symbols) For part one....the first is in rational numbers, and second is in integers. --- ? Verify that is a sub field of and that is a sub ring of . ? Let R be a commutative ring and I an ideal of R. let and be elements of R. prove that is then

Give an example of a ring which is not a principle ideal domain.

Prove that a module over a polynomial ring C[t] is a finite dimensional vector space with a linear operator that plays the role of multiplication by t.

Prove that every cyclic module in a commutative ring R is of the form R/L for some ideal L. //Note: R/L is said "R modulo L"

(1) Given a ring R, an element e is called an idempotent if e^2 = e. (i) Let R1 and R2 be two commutative rings with unity. Consider R = R1 x R2. Find two non-zero idempotents e1,e2 E R such that 1= e1 + e2 and e1e2 = 0. (Be careful: what is 1 in this R? What is 0?) (ii) On the other hand, suppose R is any commutative ring wit

Note: Z is integer numbers C is set containment Here is the problem Let I be an ideal in a ring R. Define [ R : I ] = { r in R such that xr in R for all x in R } 1) Show that [ R : I ] is an ideal of R that contains I 2) If R is assumed to have a unity, what can you say about [ R : I ] ? 3) Find [ 2Z

1. Let R and S be commutative rings with unity, and let φ: R S be a ring homomorphism. If M is an S-module, prove that M is also an R-module if we define rm = φ(r)m for all r E R and m E M. 2. If M1 and M2 are submodules of an R-module M such that M = M1(+)M2, prove that M1 = M/M2 and M2 = M/M1.

An element a of a ring R with unity is von Neumann regular if there exists b such that aba = a. Show that the only element in Jacobson radical J[R] having this property is the zero element.

1. Let R be a ring. Prove that if x, y E R such that xy is right quasi-regular then yx is also right quasi-regular. 3. Let M and N be left R-modules. Let f : M N and g : N M be left R-module homomorphisms such that fg(y) = y for all y N. Show that M = ker(f) im(g). Please see attached.

For any x,y E R (i.e. Ring R) the following equalities hold. a) 0.x=0 b) a(-b)=(-a)b=-(ab) Prove either a or b. State any properties used in your proof. Please see attached for full question.

Let J and I be ideals of the ring R, with J C I C R. Show that J is an ideal in the ring I (Recall that any ideal of a ring is also a subring; so I is a ring in its own right) Note that: To show J an ideal of I, we must show that 1) it is an additive subgroup of R and 2) it is satisfied bJ C J and Jb C J

Let R commutative ring with unity, and S a sub monoid of the multiplicative monoid of R. In RxS define (a,b) ~ (b,t) if Эu є S э u(at-bs)= 0. Show that ~ is an equivalence relation in RxS. Denote the equivalence class of (a,s) as a/s and the quotient set consisting of these classes as RS-¹. Show that RS-¹ be

Let R be a ring with unity e, R' a set, η a bijective map from R' into R. show that R' becomes a ring with unity if one defines: a'+ b' = ηˉ¹ (η(a')+ η(b')) a' b' = ηˉ¹(η(a') η(b')) 0'= ηˉ¹(0) e'= ηˉ¹(e) and that is an isomorphism of R' with R. Use

Let phi be a homomorphism of a ring R with unity onto a nonzero ring R'. Let u be a unit in R. Show that phi (u) is a unit in R'.

I) Show that if D is an integral domain then D[x] is never a field. ii) Is the assumption "D is an integral domain" needed here? That is, does the conclusion hold if D is merely assumed to be a ring?

Let and be ideals of the ring and suppose I C J. Prove: The function phi : R/I --> R/J defined by phi(a+I)=a+J is a well-defined ring homomorphism that is also onto. Please see the attached file for the fully formatted problem.

Please see the attached file for the fully formatted problems. 1. Ler R be a ring, and , prove, using axioms for a ring, the following ? The identity element of R s unique ? That -r is the unique element of R such tht (-r)+r = 0. (hint, for part 1, suppose that 1 and 1' ate two identities of R, show that 1-1' must be

2. A domino is a 2x1 rectangular piece of wood. On each half of the domino is a number, denoted by dots. In the figure, we show all C(5,2) = 10 dominoes we can make where the numbers on the dominoes are all pairs of values chosen from {1,2,3,4,5} (we do not include dominoes where the two numbers are the same). Notice that we hav

Let u(x,t) describe the temperature of a thin metal ring with circumference 2pi. For convenience, let's orient the ring so that x spans the interval |-pi, pi|. Suppose that the ring has some internal heating that is angle-dependent, so that u(x, t) satisfies the inhomogeneous heat equation u_t = ku_zz + f(x), where k is t

If R is a commutative ring, a polynomial f(x) in R[x] is said to annihilate R if f(a) = 0 for every a belonging to R Show that x^p - x annihilates Zp (Z is integers)

Problem: A ring R is called a local ring if the set J(R) of nonunits in R forms an ideal. If p is a prime, show that Z(p) = {n/m belonging to Q | p does not divide m } is local. Describe J(Z(p))

Problem: If X is contained in R is a nonempty subset of a commutative ring R, define the annihilator of X by ann(X) = { a belonging to R | ax=0 for all x belonging to X} Show that X is contiained in ann[ann(X)] AND Show that ann(X) = ann{ann[ann(X)]}

Problem: Note: | | is trying to denote a matrix If R = |S S| |0 S| and A = |0 S| |0 0| , S and ring, show that A is an ideal of R and describe the cosets in R/A

Given r and s in a ring R, show that 1 + rs is a unit if and only if 1 + sr is a unit.

Please see the attached PDF file. I would prefer a solution in PDF format. Thanks!

Please see the attached file for the fully formatted problems. Describe the ring obtained from Z12 by adjoining the element 1/2 (the inverse of 2).