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Ring Theory

Zero Divisors

We just learned of homomorphisms, and zero divisors. How does knowing if an integer is one-to-one allow us to prove it to be a zero divisor?

Ring isomorphism

(See attached file for full problem description) Z2 means modulo 2 and Z2n means modulo 2n.

Ring homomorphism

(See attached file for full problem description) --- 1. Show that if is a ring homomorphism and A is an ideal of R Then need not be an ideal of S. (Compare with property "If A is an ideal and is onto S, then is an ideal).

Ring Homomorphism

See attached pdf file. --- - Find all ring homomorphisms from Z... ---

Maximal Ideals, Residues and Ring Homomorphisms

Let . Show that the map the residue of a+ b modulo 2, is a ring homomorphism with . Prove that . Hence, or otherwise, give a maximal ideal of . Consider the ideal (2)+(x) of . Show that (2)+(x) . Hence explain why (x) is not a maximal ideal of . NOTE: All question marks are Z, the integers Please see the attached

Ring Homomorphisms, Residues and Distinct Maximal Ideals

Let . Prove that the map given by , where is the residue of a modulo n, is a ring homomorphism. Find the kernel and image of . Prove that if is a ring homomorphism, then given by is also a ring homomorphism. Write down two distinct maximal ideals of . Does have a finite or infinite number of maximal ideals?

Rings and fields

(See attached file for full problem description with proper symbols) For part one....the first is in rational numbers, and second is in integers. --- ? Verify that is a sub field of and that is a sub ring of . ? Let R be a commutative ring and I an ideal of R. let and be elements of R. prove that is then

Rings, Commutative Rings, Idempotents, Subrings and Isomorphisms

(1) Given a ring R, an element e is called an idempotent if e^2 = e. (i) Let R1 and R2 be two commutative rings with unity. Consider R = R1 x R2. Find two non-zero idempotents e1,e2 E R such that 1= e1 + e2 and e1e2 = 0. (Be careful: what is 1 in this R? What is 0?) (ii) On the other hand, suppose R is any commutative ring wit

Ideal rings

Note: Z is integer numbers C is set containment Here is the problem Let I be an ideal in a ring R. Define [ R : I ] = { r in R such that xr in R for all x in R } 1) Show that [ R : I ] is an ideal of R that contains I 2) If R is assumed to have a unity, what can you say about [ R : I ] ? 3) Find [ 2Z

Modules, Submodules, Commutative Rings with Unity and Homomorphism

1. Let R and S be commutative rings with unity, and let φ: R S be a ring homomorphism. If M is an S-module, prove that M is also an R-module if we define rm = φ(r)m for all r E R and m E M. 2. If M1 and M2 are submodules of an R-module M such that M = M1(+)M2, prove that M1 = M/M2 and M2 = M/M1.

Rings and Modules : Quasi-Regular, Module Homomorphisms and Kernels

1. Let R be a ring. Prove that if x, y E R such that xy is right quasi-regular then yx is also right quasi-regular. 3. Let M and N be left R-modules. Let f : M N and g : N M be left R-module homomorphisms such that fg(y) = y for all y N. Show that M = ker(f) im(g). Please see attached.

Ring Identities

For any x,y E R (i.e. Ring R) the following equalities hold. a) 0.x=0 b) a(-b)=(-a)b=-(ab) Prove either a or b. State any properties used in your proof. Please see attached for full question.

Ideals of a Ring : Containment and Subgroups

Let J and I be ideals of the ring R, with J C I C R. Show that J is an ideal in the ring I (Recall that any ideal of a ring is also a subring; so I is a ring in its own right) Note that: To show J an ideal of I, we must show that 1) it is an additive subgroup of R and 2) it is satisfied bJ C J and Jb C J

Rings of Unity, Monoid, Momomorphism and Invertible Elements

Let R commutative ring with unity, and S a sub monoid of the multiplicative monoid of R. In RxS define (a,b) ~ (b,t) if Эu є S э u(at-bs)= 0. Show that ~ is an equivalence relation in RxS. Denote the equivalence class of (a,s) as a/s and the quotient set consisting of these classes as RS-¹. Show that RS-¹ be

Rings with Unity, Isomorphism, Bijectiveness and Invertibility

Let R be a ring with unity e, R' a set, η a bijective map from R' into R. show that R' becomes a ring with unity if one defines: a'+ b' = ηˉ¹ (η(a')+ η(b')) a' b' = ηˉ¹(η(a') η(b')) 0'= ηˉ¹(0) e'= ηˉ¹(e) and that is an isomorphism of R' with R. Use

Ring Homomorphisms

Let phi be a homomorphism of a ring R with unity onto a nonzero ring R'. Let u be a unit in R. Show that phi (u) is a unit in R'.

Abstract Algebra : Fields, Rings and Domains

I) Show that if D is an integral domain then D[x] is never a field. ii) Is the assumption "D is an integral domain" needed here? That is, does the conclusion hold if D is merely assumed to be a ring?

Abstract Algebra Proof : Ideals and Ring Homomorphisms

Let and be ideals of the ring and suppose I C J. Prove: The function phi : R/I --> R/J defined by phi(a+I)=a+J is a well-defined ring homomorphism that is also onto. Please see the attached file for the fully formatted problem.

Rings and Subrings

Please see the attached file for the fully formatted problems. 1. Ler R be a ring, and , prove, using axioms for a ring, the following ? The identity element of R s unique ? That -r is the unique element of R such tht (-r)+r = 0. (hint, for part 1, suppose that 1 and 1' ate two identities of R, show that 1-1' must be

Euler Tour : Dominoes

2. A domino is a 2x1 rectangular piece of wood. On each half of the domino is a number, denoted by dots. In the figure, we show all C(5,2) = 10 dominoes we can make where the numbers on the dominoes are all pairs of values chosen from {1,2,3,4,5} (we do not include dominoes where the two numbers are the same). Notice that we hav