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Sentencing

Sentencing is part of the court procedure which follows a criminal defendant being convicted of or pleading guilty. The judge will decide on the punishment during the sentencing that is appropriate for the crime.¹ There are a variety of different kinds of punishment that may be imposed on a convicted criminal defendant¹:

  • Fines;
  • Short- and long-term jail or prison sentences;
  • Probation;
  • Suspended sentence;
  • Payment of restitution to the victim;
  • Community services;
  • Drug and alcohol rehabilitation.

Sentencing takes place almost immediately post-conviction, or when a defendant has pled guilty.¹ For sentencing, a judge will also consider other aspects of the offenders life, such as¹:

  • Their criminal history;
  • The nature of the crime, the manner it was committed, and the impact;
  • The defendant's personal, economic, and social circumstances;
  • Regret or remorse expressed by the defendant.

 

 

References:

1. FindLaw. Sentencing Overview. Retrieved on May 12, 2014, from http://criminal.findlaw.com/criminal-procedure/sentencing-overview.html

Death Penalty For Minors

In late February, 2005, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that the death penalty is unconstitutionally cruel when applied to people who committed a felony deserving of the death penalty according to state law before they reached age 18. The Court ruled that the death penalty cannot be applied to people who committed crimes as juvenil

Prison System Development

Prior to the development of a conventional prison system, prisons housed people who were held for a short time because they were unable to pay fines or debts. Others were held for a short time to await trial. Discuss how different our society would be today if we had kept this idea. What would happen if we did not use a pris