The use and abuse of drugs and alcohol is especially common in teens and has a variety of serious consequences.¹ Fifty per cent of deaths (accidents, homicides, suicides) involve alcohol or drug abuse in the 15-24 age range.¹ Drugs and alcohol also contribute to physical and sexual aggression such as assault or rape.¹
Use of drink and drugs can be classified as¹:
- Abstinent: no use i made
- Controlled: the individual has made a conscious decision, has evaluated the risks and can stop if he or she wants to
- Impulsive: use is unpredictable and can lead to unexpected accidents and harm, but there is no continual use or dependency
- Habitual: the use of alcohol or drugs have become a significant and important part of the person's life-style
- Dependent: there is a high degree of physical and psychological addiction, alcohol and drug use disrupts or rules the person's life, and stopping is not possible without considerable support.
- Alcohol and Drug-Defined: in violation of laws prohibiting or regulating the possession, use, distribution, or manufacture of alcohol or illegal drugs;
- Alcohol and Drug-Related: in violation of laws as a result of being under the influence of alcohol or drugs, or trying to get cash to pay for alcohol or drugs;
- Alcohol and Drug-Using Lifestyle: in violation of laws as a result of living a lifestyle where a person may not have a job or source of income and is exposed to situations and individuals that encourage crime.
Thirty-seven per cent of almost 2 million convicted offenders currently in jail report that they were drinking at the time of their arrest.² In 2007, over 1.4 million drivers were arrested for driving under the influence of alcohol or drugs.² One in 100 U.S. citizens is now confined in jail or prison, and 80% of offenders abuse drugs or alcohol. Nearly 50% of jail and prison inmates are clinically addicted.²
1. American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry. Alcohol and Drug Abuse. Retrieved May 7, 2014, from http://www.aacap.org/aacap/Families_and_Youth/Glossary_of_Symptoms_and_Illnesses/Alcohol_and_Drug_Abuse.aspx
2. National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence, Inc. Alcohol, Drugs and Crime. Retrieved May 7, 2014 from, http://www.ncadd.org/index.php/for-youth/drugs-and-crime/230-alcohol-drugs-and-crime